About This Chapter
Economic Systems - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Anthropology and economics might seem like two disparate fields, but in fact there's a whole subfield of anthropologists interested in studying the relationship between a society's culture and the way it goes about producing and exchanging the goods and services it needs to survive. You too can take a look at roles and characteristics of these economic systems with lessons exploring the earliest examples of currency, the origins of manufacturing, methods of distribution and more. Topics of study include:
- Approaches to studying economic systems
- The development of the modern economy
- Factors influencing the location of industry
- Considerations for determining manufacturing sites
- Characteristics of services in urban and rural settlements
|How Anthropologists Study Resource Management Within Groups||Learn about the models anthropologists use to study a society's resource management.|
|Economic Systems: Formal and Substantive Approaches||Differentiate between substantive and formal approaches to studying economic systems.|
|The History of Money and Rise of Complex Economies||Trace the evolution of gift and commodity economies. Learn how metal ingots and coins came to be used as currency.|
|The Modern Economy: Primary, Secondary & Tertiary Sectors||Explore functions of these three economic sectors, and explain how they interact.|
|Manufacturing: Origin and Regions||Pinpoint industry's origins. Compare and contrast industrial regions in North America, Europe and East Asia.|
|The Locations of Cities: Considerations, Location & Transportation||Identify factors influencing the location of industries, including proximity to transportation and inputs.|
|Site Factors: Land, Labor, and Capital||Take a closer look at the influences of labor, land and capital on site location.|
|The Geography of Manufacturing: Considerations & Relocation||Investigate factors determining whether industries relocate or stay in the same place.|
|Services: Origin and Types||Trace the origins of consumer, public and business services.|
|Distribution of Services: Local Distribution Companies & Material Distribution Centers||Recognize the part local distribution companies and material distribution centers play in delivering services.|
|Services in Early and Contemporary Rural Settlements: Characteristics & Examples||Explore the types of services provided by individuals in early and contemporary rural settlements.|
|Services in Early and Contemporary Urban Settlements: Characteristics & Examples||Examine the characteristics of services provided in contemporary urban settlements.|
|Distribution of Consumer Services in a Regular Pattern: Central Place Theory & Market-Area Analysis||Learn how market-area analysis and central place theory are used to explain the distribution patterns of consumer services.|
|Forms of Economic Distribution and Exchange Within Society||Consider principles explaining the distribution and exchange of goods and services in a society.|
1. How Anthropologists Study Resource Management within Groups
This lesson will seek to explain how resource management occurs around the globe. In doing so, it will highlight the term 'technology,' as well as the concept of usufruct.
2. Economic Systems: Formal & Substantive Approaches
Today's lesson on the substantive versus formal approaches to economics is rather simple to grasp despite the way these names may sound. Learn about these terms and their origin and see some tangible examples of each.
3. The History of Money and Rise of Complex Economies
This lecture covers the development of money in response to the needs of complex economies. It begins with a discussion of gift economies. It then examines the factors that led to the growth of commodity economies. Find out how we came to use money, rather than goods, for commerce.
4. The Modern Economy: Primary, Secondary & Tertiary Sectors
The modern economy can be divided into three sectors that reflect the economic development of that society. This lesson will discuss and explore the interaction between the primary, secondary and tertiary sectors of the modern economy.
5. Manufacturing Industry: Origin and Regions
This lesson will seek to explain the origins of industry, specifically the Industrial Revolution. In doing this, it will focus on Great Britain and inventions, like the Spinning Jenny and the steam engine. It will also highlight the exports of today.
6. Industrial Sites: Land, Labor & Capital
This lesson will seek to explain the factors that go into industrial site consideration. It will focus on land, labor, and capital. It will also highlight proximity of inputs and infrastructure.
7. Service Industries: Origin and Types
This lesson will seek to define the concept of the service industry. In doing so, it will focus on consumer, business, and public services while also defining division of labor, automation, and urbanization.
8. Local Distribution Companies & Material Distribution Centers
This lesson will seek to explain local distribution companies and material distribution centers. In doing this, it will highlight tangible goods and legalized distribution of utilities.
9. Services in Early and Contemporary Rural Settlements
This lesson will seek to explain services and products in early and contemporary rural areas. In doing this, it will highlight the Industrial Revolution, commercialization, cash crops, and urbanization.
10. Services in Early and Contemporary Urban Settlements
This lesson will explain services available in early and contemporary cities. It will highlight the terms urban, rural, urbanization, division of labor, and welfare systems.
11. Service Distribution: Central Place Theory & Market-Area Analysis
This lesson seeks to explain the central place theory and market area analysis. In doing this, we will highlight range, threshold, competition, and transportation.
12. Forms of Economic Distribution & Exchange within Society
This lesson will seek to explain the different forms of economic distribution found across the globe. It will highlight generalized and balanced reciprocity as well as redistribution and market exchange.
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Other chapters within the Anthropology 101: General Anthropology course
- Introduction to Anthropology
- Theoretical Perspectives of Anthropology
- The Molecular and Chromosomal Basis of Inheritance
- Transmission/Mendelian Genetics
- Population Genetics and Evolution
- DNA Damage, Mutation, and Repair
- Physical Anthropology
- Geologic Time and Anthropology
- Archaeology and Anthropology
- The Origin and Dispersal of Humans and Culture
- Effects of Population on the Environment
- Domestication of Plants and Animals
- Ethnicity and Geography
- Geography of Land Resources
- The Nature of Culture
- Art and Anthropology
- Language and Communication
- Spatial Processes
- Settlement Patterns
- Societies in Anthropology
- Marriage, Family, and Kinship
- Political Organization
- Modernization and Application of Anthropology