About This Chapter
Effective English Assessments Methods - Chapter Summary
Use this chapter to view short videos to remind yourself of the types and uses of classroom assessments. Short quizzes are available for you to evaluate your memory of the comparison of scores and definition of oral language skills, among other topics. In all, you will be be able to use this chapter to brush up on your understanding of the following:
- Different types of assessments
- Characteristics of good assessments, including standardization
- Assessment of oral language skills and writing
- Appropriate assessments for gauging student literacy
- Ways of comprehending basic statistics of score
- Comparison of test scores
- Advantages and disadvantages of standardized tests
- High-stakes testing and testing bias
- Misuse of class assessments
- Special education assessments
Our video lessons draw you in with their engaging content and interactive features. If you need to jump directly to different parts of the videos, utilize the links below them. After you've finished taking the quizzes, view your results to see what topics you need to work further on. Any questions you have can be sent to our instructors by using the Help tab.
1. Forms of Assessment: Informal, Formal, Paper-Pencil & Performance Assessments
Educators often need to assess students' learning and achievement. There are multiple forms of assessments that educators use to not only gain knowledge about a student's level of understanding but also to guide the direction of future lessons and course curriculum. This lesson will differentiate between formal and informal assessments and paper-pencil versus performance-based assessments used in educational settings.
2. Standardized Assessments & Formative vs. Summative Evaluations
If you have ever attended a public school or college you have been subjected to a form of standardized assessment. These assessments serve multiple purposes and provide valuable information regarding one's abilities, understanding and potential. This lesson will introduce you to the types of standardized assessments commonly used in schools and discuss two other types of assessments: formative and summative.
3. Qualities of Good Assessments: Standardization, Practicality, Reliability & Validity
Have you ever been in the middle of an assessment and thought, 'This question is unfair!' or 'This exam covers material I have never seen before!' If so, the assessment probably did not possess the qualities that make an assessment effective. This lesson will introduce you to the qualities of good assessments: reliability, standardization, validity, and practicality.
4. Validity in Assessments: Content, Construct & Predictive Validity
Ensuring that an assessment measures what it is intended to measure is a critical component in education. Assessment results are used to predict future achievement and current knowledge. This lesson will define the term validity and differentiate between content, construct, and predictive validity.
5. The Reliability Coefficient and the Reliability of Assessments
How are test scores affected by day-to-day changes of a student? Do different people rate students' performances the same? These questions are addressed through the understanding of reliability. This lesson will define reliability, explain how reliability is measured, and explore methods to enhance reliability of assessments in the classroom.
6. Performance Assessments: Product vs. Process
Playing a musical instrument, creating a spreadsheet and performing in a play are all activities that many of us engage in on a regular basis. These activities are also examples of ways teachers assess a student's mastery of a subject in educational settings. This lesson will define performance-based assessments and discuss the various uses of performance assessments in the classroom.
7. Oral Language Skills: Definition & Assessment
In this lesson, learn what oral language skills are and the components of oral language. We will also cover how you, as an educator, can assess oral language skills.
8. Assessing Student Writing: Examples, Tools & Methods
When reviewing a student's essay, you should offer an assessment of the writing to help students develop as writers. In this lesson, we will review the tools and methods used to assess a student's paper.
9. Selecting Appropriate Literacy Assessments for Students
Assessment is a crucial aspect of literacy instruction, but choosing the right assessment makes all the difference. This lesson will cover how to select appropriate assessments for students.
10. Summarizing Assessment Results: Understanding Basic Statistics of Score Distribution
Summarizing test results is a critical component of the assessment process. In order for results to be used effectively, they must be summarized in a way that allows educators to compare the achievement of one student to others. This lesson will describe the first step in summarizing results: understanding the basic statistics of score distribution.
11. Summarizing Assessment Results: Comparing Test Scores to a Larger Population
Assessment results can yield valuable information about the individual test-taker and the larger population of test-takers. This lesson will describe how to compare test scores to a larger population by explaining standard score, stanines, z-score, percentile rank and cumulative percentage.
12. Using Standard Deviation and Bell Curves for Assessment
When a teacher gives an exam in class, how does she decide if the test scores were good or bad? This lesson focuses on classroom assessment, specifically how to analyze the variability of scores within a given group of students. We'll discuss both standard deviation and bell curves.
13. Norm- vs. Criterion-Referenced Scoring: Advantages & Disadvantages
Assessment results allow educators to make important decisions about students' knowledge, abilities and future educational potential. There are multiple ways to summarize and interpret assessment results. This lesson will discuss ways to summarize norm-referenced assessments and criterion-referenced assessments.
14. Using Mean, Median, and Mode for Assessment
How does a teacher decide what is a good exam score and what is a bad one? This lesson focuses on classroom assessment, but instead of different types of assessment (such as essay versus true/false questions), we'll discuss statistical methods for summarizing scores on any form of testing. Specifically, this lesson covers the statistical tools known as the mean, median and mode.
15. Standardized Tests in Education: Advantages and Disadvantages
Standardized tests are used frequently in educational settings. This lesson will help you understand the advantages and disadvantages of these tests and also explore factors that impact standardized test performance.
16. High-Stakes Testing: Accountability and Problems
Do high test scores equal high achievement? Many politicians and educational reformers think the answer is yes. High-stakes standardized testing has become commonplace in American schools. This lesson will define high-stakes testing and accountability and present problems associated with these types of tests.
17. Testing Bias, Cultural Bias & Language Differences in Assessments
Assessments are used to gain useful information about test-takers' knowledge, skills and progress. Sometimes, however, the results of these assessments are incorrect due to biases. This lesson will differentiate and discuss types of testing bias and differences among test-takers that may lead to testing bias.
18. Use and Misuse of Assessments in the Classroom
Assessments are excellent tools in the classroom. Used properly, they provide invaluable information about student knowledge and progress. However, if misused, assessments can misrepresent the actual knowledge and learning taking place in the classroom. This lesson will discuss the use and misuse of standardized assessments.
19. Special Education and Ecological Assessments
An ecological assessment is one type of assessment that is used to help students that have special needs. In this lesson, we discuss ecological assessments, what they entail, and how they are used.
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Other chapters within the FTCE English 6-12 (013): Practice & Study Guide course
- About the FTCE English 6-12 Test
- Language, Literacy & Communication
- Phonology and Word Identification Strategies
- Conventions of Standard English
- Word Comprehension
- Classroom Strategies
- Writing & Analyzing Argumentative Texts
- Composing Informative Texts
- Writing Engaging Narrative Texts
- Brainstorming & Organization for Writing
- Understanding the Writing Process
- Essay Structure & Elements
- Syntax & Sentence Structure
- Citations & References
- Intro to Essay Writing
- Revising & Improving Written Works
- The Research Process for Written Works
- Strategies & Activities for Teaching Vocabulary
- Reading Comprehension & Fluency
- Reading & Writing Instruction
- Strategies for Analyzing Texts
- Analyzing Expository Texts
- Analyzing Persuasive & Functional Texts
- Genre & Form
- Analyzing Literary Texts
- American Literature
- British Literature
- World Literature
- Poetry Analysis
- Rhetorical Devices
- The Listening Process
- Listening for Comprehension & Meaning
- Delivering Effective Presentations
- Classroom Teaching Strategies
- FTCE English 6-12 Flashcards