Ch 13: Effective Writing & Speaking

About This Chapter

Use these lessons to review information on organizing various types of written works and speeches. Find out more about characterization in literature and how word choice influences tone.

Effective Writing & Speaking - Chapter Summary

This chapter's lessons offer a chance to refresh your understanding of how structure and word choice can impact meaning in a piece of writing. Our instructors will also delve into characterization in literature, giving examples to illustrate their points. Other lessons explore how to organize a speech, depending on its purpose. These videos will show you about topics including:

  • Impact of structure on meaning in a written work
  • How choice of words influences meaning and tone
  • Methods of characterization in works of literature
  • Definition of direct characterization
  • Speech styles
  • Why organization is important in a speech
  • Organizing informative and persuasive speeches

You can watch these lessons from anywhere you have Internet access, using a computer, smartphone or tablet. Lesson quizzes let you assess your study progress and see where you need additional review. Our Timeline makes it simple to click on a link to return to a specific part of the lesson, and you can even print out the quiz questions for offline study.

8 Lessons in Chapter 13: Effective Writing & Speaking
What is Structure in Writing and How Does it Affect Meaning?

1. What is Structure in Writing and How Does it Affect Meaning?

In this lesson, we will define the role of structure in literature. From there, we will look at the different ways to structure fiction and how it affects the meaning.

Impact of Word Choice on Meaning and Tone

2. Impact of Word Choice on Meaning and Tone

In this lesson, you'll learn how authors can influence the meaning and the emotional effect of a sentence just by choosing the right words or by making references and comparisons. You'll learn the appropriate literary terms along with examples for each.

Methods of Characterization in Literature

3. Methods of Characterization in Literature

In this lesson, we'll examine five methods of characterization, including physical description, action, inner thoughts, reactions, and speech. An excerpt from a brief narrative is provided to show how authors use the various methods of characterization to develop characters and create images for the audience.

Direct Characterization: Definition & Examples

4. Direct Characterization: Definition & Examples

In this lesson, you will learn how an author directly establishes characterization. Unlike a lot of other literary devices, direct characterization is fairly easy to spot. Check your understanding of the lesson with a short quiz at the end.

The Style of a Speech: Speaker, Audience & Purpose

5. The Style of a Speech: Speaker, Audience & Purpose

When writing a speech, a writer should consider the speaker, audience and purpose of the speech. Each factor influences the overall style of the speech.

Speech Organization: Importance to Speaker & Audience

6. Speech Organization: Importance to Speaker & Audience

In speech writing, it is important to keep the information organized, which demonstrates credibility and makes the speech easier to comprehend. It starts with the main idea, the speech body and a compelling conclusion.

Patterns of Organization for Informative Speeches

7. Patterns of Organization for Informative Speeches

Informational speeches are designed to inform an audience about a topic. The information should be organized so it is clear, logical and easy to understand and follow. The pattern of organization depends greatly on the information presented.

Patterns of Organization for Persuasive Speeches

8. Patterns of Organization for Persuasive Speeches

Organizing information for a persuasive speech will help to convince your audience of your point and keeps information flowing in a logical order. This can be done using a problem/solution order or Monroe's motivated sequence pattern.

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