About This Chapter
The Eisenhower Years (1953 - 1960) - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
The Vietnam War was a lengthy conflict between communist and anti-communist forces in Southeast Asia that started in 1956 and ended nearly 20 years later in 1975. In this chapter, you'll be introduced to President Eisenhower's famous domino theory and find out how concerns about the spread of communism shaped U.S. foreign policy towards the former French colony. The Australia, New Zealand, United States Security Treaty (ANZUS) and South East Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) will be discussed, including their relevance to potential conflicts in the Pacific.
As the chapter progresses, you'll meet Ngo Dinh Diem, the first president of South Vietnam, and examine his relationship with the Eisenhower administration. You'll also find out what was so important about the Ho Chi Minh Trail, an operational system that ran between North and South Vietnam. The establishment of the Viet Cong, a military and political organization, will be covered, including their impact on the escalating conflict. When you've finished watching the video lessons, you should have an understanding of the following:
- The containment and domino theories and their effect on U.S. policies in Southeast Asia
- President Ngo Dinh Diem's political relationship with President Eisenhower and the United States
- The strategic importance of the Ho Chi Minh Trail
- The Viet Cong's role in the early stages of the Vietnam War
|Eisenhower's Foreign Policy in Southeast Asia||Define President Eisenhower's 'Domino Theory.' Discuss his endorsement of the ANZUS agreement and SEATO, as well as his support of the U.S. containment policy. Analyze the events that took place in Laos during the 1950s.|
|The Rise of Ngo Dinh Diem||Examine the personal and political origins of Diem and his rise to power. Demonstrate your understanding of his relationship with the United States, as well as his strategies for combating the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong.|
|North Vietnam Mobilizes for War||Discuss the Ho Chi Minh Trail and the birth of the National Liberation Front (Viet Cong), including its early guerrilla strikes on the South Vietnamese.|
1. Unrest in Vietnam During the Eisenhower Years: Learning Objectives & Activities
This chapter will teach you about President Eisenhower's approach to Vietnam and about some of the programs created in Vietnam to protect South Vietnamese villages. Use the key questions and learning activities to test what you've learned.
2. Eisenhower's Foreign Policy in Southeast Asia in the 1950s
President Dwight D. Eisenhower entered office during a peak period of the Cold War. Learn about Eisenhower's goals in Southeast Asia, including his use of Containment, collective security and concealed tactics.
3. Ngo Dinh Diem: Rise to Power, Foreign Ties & Strategies
Ngo Dinh Diem was expected to serve as the bulwark against North Vietnamese communism during the Vietnam War. Learn about Diem, including his background, early years and rise to leadership of the Republic of Vietnam, in this lesson.
4. North Vietnam Mobilizes for War: The Ho Chi Minh Trail & The Viet Cong
Following the First Indochina War, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam began rebuilding for a prolonged struggle against the United States. Learn about the DRV's mobilization for war from 1955 to 1962 in this video lesson.
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Other chapters within the History 108: History of the Vietnam War course