About This Chapter
Elections and Electoral Systems - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
In many countries, government leaders are chosen by the people through a system of elections. The lessons in this chapter look at types of elections, political parties, campaigns and the demographic makeup of Congress. You'll also learn about how European Union member countries elect their representatives. By the end of this series of video lessons, you'll know:
- Why primary elections are held
- What countries require that their citizens vote for EU representatives
- How referendums are organized
- Why the party system evolved
- How the presidential elections process has changed over the years
|Types of Elections: Primary, General and Special||Find out what each type of election entails and when they are used.|
|Elections and Apportionment to the European Parliament||Get information on how members are chosen for the European Parliament.|
|The Evolution of the Contemporary Presidential Election||See how we arrived at the current system of presidential elections.|
|What is a Referendum? - Definition and Example||Learn what a referendum is.|
|Electoral and Party Systems: Definition and Role||Examine party politics and why parties exist.|
|Presidential vs. Congressional Campaigns: Similarities and Differences||Explore how presidential and congressional campaigns are run.|
|How Congress Represents the American Public: Demographic Makeup||Get information on the demographic makeup of Congress and if it is an accurate representation of the country's demographics.|
1. Types of Elections: Primary, General & Special
The process of electing a political candidate can involve several different types of elections. This lesson describes the different types of primary elections and explains both general and special elections.
2. Elections and Apportionment to the European Parliament
In this lesson, we explore the election process to the European Parliament and the requirements placed on European Union nations to honor citizens' voting rights while at the same time honoring national differences.
3. The Evolution of the Contemporary Presidential Election
Presidential elections have changed a great deal over time. These days, elections are well-publicized and hard-fought. This lesson takes a look at contemporary presidential elections and campaigns.
4. What is a Referendum? - Definition & Example
Referendums are legal mechanisms for voters to repeal or accept a law passed by the state legislature. In this lesson, we'll compare referendums to initiatives, look at some types of referendums, and finally look at some examples of referendums.
5. Electoral and Party Systems: Definition & Role
The following lesson will define and explain the role of the United States' electoral system and how it affects the shape of our party system. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check for your understanding.
6. Presidential vs. Congressional Campaigns: Similarities & Differences
In this lesson, we will review the difference between presidential and congressional campaigns. We will take a closer look at their differences and how they affect the campaign.
7. How Congress Represents the American Public: Demographic Makeup
In this lesson, we will review how the 113th United States Congress represents the demographics of the American people. We will take a closer look at the demographic makeup of Congress and how it relates to those representations in the population.
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Other chapters within the AP Comparative Government and Politics: Exam Prep course
- Purpose of Government & Methods of Comparison & Classification
- Political Culture, Communication & Socialization
- Sovereignty, Authority & Power of Government
- Types of Government
- Belief Systems as a Source of Legitimacy
- Political Institutions
- Parliamentary and Presidential Systems
- Types of Legislatures
- Political Parties
- Interest Groups in American Politics
- Military & Other Coercive Institutions
- Judiciary Branches of Government
- Citizens, Society & the State
- Forces of Political & Economic Change
- Democratic State Systems & Structures
- U.S. Public, Social & Environmental Policies
- Economic, Fiscal & Trade Policy in the U.S.
- U.S. Foreign & Defense Policy
- The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland
- The United States of America's Government
- Comparing the Governments of the US & Great Britain
- Germany's Government
- Russia's Government
- China's Government
- Mexico's Government
- Nigeria's Government
- Iran's Government
- AP Comparative Government & Politics Flashcards