About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Electrolytes, Cells & Blood Proteins Test Results chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday||Sodium and chloride target levels in the blood||Electrolyte, cation, anion, hypernatremia, hyponatremia, hyperchloremia and hypochloremia|
|Tuesday||Normal potassium and calcium blood levels||Hyperkalemia, bradycardia, dyspnea, hypokalemia, insulinoma, hypercalcemia, hypocalcemia, Chvostek's sign and Trousseau's sign|
|Wednesday||Proteins in the blood or urine and red blood cell measurements||Plasma proteins, hemoglobin, albumin, proteinuria, hematocrit, reticulocyte count and anisocytosis|
|Thursday||Anemia||Macrocytic, aplastic anemia, normocytic, anemia of chronic disease, microcytic and iron deficiency anemia|
|Friday||White blood cell, platelets and coagulation tests||Neutrophils, eosinophils, lymphocytes and clotting cascade|
1. Major Electrolyte Levels in the Blood: Sodium
This lesson discusses the electrolyte sodium. We will go over what it is, why it's important, and what may cause the relative levels of sodium to increase or decrease in the body.
2. Major Electrolyte Levels in the Blood: Chloride
This lesson will discuss the importance of the chloride ion in diagnostic testing. You'll learn in which major conditions it can be elevated or decreased in the serum.
3. Major Electrolyte Levels in the Blood: Potassium
This lesson will discuss hyperkalemia and hypokalemia as well as what may cause either one. We will also cover the dangers associated with increased levels of potassium in our body.
4. Major Electrolyte Levels in the Blood: Calcium
This lesson will discuss some major causes of increased and decreased levels of calcium in our body as well as the important signs and symptoms that may occur as a result.
5. Important Proteins and Their Flux in the Blood and Urine
This lesson will discuss two types of protein found in your blood, known as albumin and hemoglobin. We will discuss what their increases or decreases in the blood or urine may indicate in a person.
6. Red Blood Cells: Important Measurements
This lesson will discuss many red blood cell related values found on a complete blood count, including RBC, Reticulocytes, Hct, PCV, MCV, MCH, MCHC, and RDW, as well as their importance.
7. Macrocytic Anemia: Definition and Causes
This lesson will go over the different types and causes of macrocytic anemia. This will include a discussion of something known as megaloblastic anemia as well.
8. Normocytic Anemia: Definition and Causes
This lesson will discuss the major and interesting causes of normocytic anemia. Using terms such as RDW, MCV, and anemia of chronic disease you'll gain an appreciation for why normocytic anemia may occur.
9. Microcytic Anemia: Definition and Causes
This lesson explores microcytic anemia as well as two possible causes: iron deficiency anemia and thalassemia. We will also discuss important bloodwork values such as MCV and MCHC.
10. CBC Test: White Blood Cells
This lesson will discuss the white blood cell count, which cells comprise it, and what important things may cause their levels to elevate or decrease. We'll also cover something known as a left shift.
11. Platelets and Coagulation Tests
This lesson will discuss three major tests related to coagulation: platelet count, PT, and PTT. We'll also look at how to interpret these tests together in order to figure out what disease process may be occurring.
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