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Ch 21: Elementary Science: Earth & Space Science

About This Chapter

This comprehensive elementary science chapter goes over basic Earth and space science topics that elementary teachers must know. Review these fun lessons and quizzes to get ready for a teacher certification exam or refresh your understanding of these concepts for the classroom.

Elementary Science: Earth & Space Science - Chapter Summary

In this chapter, our expert science instructors break down a variety of Earth and space science topics that are geared toward elementary-level students. As you progress through the chapter, you'll get a thorough review of the Earth's spheres, geology, oceanography, weather, the hydrologic cycle, soil composition and more. By the end of the chapter, you should be fully equipped to:

  • Identify the Earth's four spheres and the internal/external forces that shapes its surface
  • Explain how the Earth's spheres interact
  • Assess interactions that occur in the Sun-Earth-Moon system
  • Recognize Earth science's four main branches
  • Discuss the history of geology and oceanography
  • Summarize the hydrologic cycle
  • Teach students about weather
  • Describe soil's formation and composition

In addition to the lesson content, this chapter offers practice quizzes that are designed to further reinforce your understanding of the material. If you have any questions about these Earth and space science topics, don't hesitate to reach out to our subject-matter experts. You can print the lesson transcripts if you want to take notes or study offline, and any computer or mobile device can access these study resources.

10 Lessons in Chapter 21: Elementary Science: Earth & Space Science
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Dynamic Earth: Internal & External Forces that Shape Earth's Surface

1. The Dynamic Earth: Internal & External Forces that Shape Earth's Surface

There are many geologic processes that shape the surface of the Earth. Not only do they build and destroy a variety of landscapes, but they also give us clues to the interior of the Earth and the forces that exist there.

The Four Spheres of Earth: Geosphere, Hydrosphere, Biosphere, and Atmosphere

2. The Four Spheres of Earth: Geosphere, Hydrosphere, Biosphere, and Atmosphere

Earth is made up of four distinct yet connect spheres. In this video lesson, you will learn about where each sphere is found on Earth, as well as some features commonly found in each.

Interactions of Earth's Spheres: Purpose and Examples

3. Interactions of Earth's Spheres: Purpose and Examples

The four spheres of Earth drive all of its processes and support life on our unique planet. In this video lesson, you will see examples of how Earth's spheres interact with each other to form an overall complex and connected system.

Interactions in the Sun-Earth-Moon System

4. Interactions in the Sun-Earth-Moon System

Learn how the sun, earth, and moon interact with each other to create tides, phases, eclipses, seasons, solar winds, and precession. Take a quiz and see how much you've picked up.

Four Main Branches of Earth Science

5. Four Main Branches of Earth Science

Why do eclipses occur? How deep is the ocean? These questions are best answered through an investigation into Earth Science. This lesson introduces the four main branches of Earth Science and provides examples of content within each branch.

What is Geology? - Definition, History, Facts & Topics

6. What is Geology? - Definition, History, Facts & Topics

Did you know Earth is over 4.5 billion years old? Did you also know that the continents move and have joined together to create supercontinents? Learn about geology, what it is, its history and some interesting facts.

The Hydrologic Cycle: Definition, Process & Diagram

7. The Hydrologic Cycle: Definition, Process & Diagram

The hydrologic, or water, cycle describes the storage and movement of all water on Earth. This lesson will cover the different reservoirs where water can be stored and how it moves between them.

What is Weather? - Lesson for Kids

8. What is Weather? - Lesson for Kids

Look out the window. Is it raining? Is it sunny? Is it hot or cold? The answers to these questions tell you what the weather outside at that moment in time. This lesson will explain what weather is and what causes it.

What is Oceanography? - Definition, History & Facts

9. What is Oceanography? - Definition, History & Facts

While over 70% of the earth is covered by the oceans, much of it remains a mystery. Its immense size and depth entice scientists to uncover these mysteries. In this lesson, you'll learn about oceanography, the field that studies the world's oceans.

The Formation and Composition of Soil: Definition and Factors

10. The Formation and Composition of Soil: Definition and Factors

In this video lesson you will learn how soil is formed and what it is made of. You will also learn about how soil is classified and distributed in layers underground.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the Praxis Elementary Education - Curriculum, Instruction & Assessment (5017): Study Guide & Practice course

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