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Ch 2: Employee Motivation in the Workplace

About This Chapter

Go through this chapter for video lessons that will provide helpful instruction on motivating employees in the workplace. Each lesson will break down this subject into clear and cohesive topics.

Employee Motivation in the Workplace - Chapter Summary

When reading through this chapter, you will be presented with clear and informative lessons on the main theories and topics related to motivating employees in the workplace. The instructors of each lesson will go through topics related to these specific theories and how they may be implemented in actual work environments.

The lessons will serve as a great way to review the main theories relevant to motivation, and provide you with a good sense of how they may help you better motivate employees. You will also go over specific examples of employee motivation that will help you better understand their function and significance. Completing this chapter will allow you to:

  • Understand the specific theories of motivation relevant to the workplace
  • Articulate examples of each theory
  • Use these theories to better motivate employees
  • Recognize reasons why employees might not be motivated
  • Develop strategies for building motivation in the workplace

Each lesson is taught by an experienced instructor who will share his or her expertise with you and ensure that you come away from the lesson with only accurate, up-to-date information. If you wish to see how well you've understood these topics once you have completed the lessons, feel free to take the chapter's practice quizzes. As you go through the chapter, you can also track your progress with your personal Dashboard page.

15 Lessons in Chapter 2: Employee Motivation in the Workplace
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Motivation Theory: Needs-Based & Behavior-Based

1. Motivation Theory: Needs-Based & Behavior-Based

There are two schools of thought used to explain employee motivation in the workplace. Needs-based theory states that employees have certain needs that must be met in order to be motivated to perform. Behavior-based theory believes motivating factors influence behavior towards work.

Vroom's Expectancy Theory of Employee Motivation

2. Vroom's Expectancy Theory of Employee Motivation

Finding the right equation for motivating employees can be challenging. This lesson explains how expectancy theory is used to motivate employees by increasing the motivation to act based on a set of specific criteria.

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs: Definition, Theory & Pyramid

3. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs: Definition, Theory & Pyramid

Why is it that when some of our needs aren't met, it's almost impossible to concentrate on other ones? Psychologist Abraham Maslow spent his career looking for these answers. Watch this lesson to learn about some of his most important conclusions.

Alderfer's ERG Theory & Employee Motivation in the Workplace

4. Alderfer's ERG Theory & Employee Motivation in the Workplace

Alderfer's ERG theory is a simplified version of Maslow's hierarchy of needs that suggests that all human needs can be accessed and satisfied simultaneously, rather than from the bottom up. Either way, as needs are satisfied, employees are motivated to strive to satisfy a new need.

Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory: Hygiene Factors & Motivation

5. Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory: Hygiene Factors & Motivation

This lesson describes Frederick Herzberg's two-factor theory, which is based on the idea of how hygiene factors and satisfiers or motivators are used to provide satisfaction to employees in work environments.

Acquired Needs Theory: Need for Achievement, Power & Affiliation

6. Acquired Needs Theory: Need for Achievement, Power & Affiliation

Do you act out of a need for achievement, power or affiliation? This lesson describes the acquired needs theory and how one of the three types of needs affect us more than the others.

Equity Theory of Motivation: Reward & Effort

7. Equity Theory of Motivation: Reward & Effort

Have you ever noticed that some employees seem to work harder than others for the same reward? Why does that happen? This lesson explains how equity theory is used by managers to motivate employees by providing a high reward for equivalent efforts on part of the employee.

Locke's Goal-Setting Theory: Using Goals to Advance Motivation

8. Locke's Goal-Setting Theory: Using Goals to Advance Motivation

Locke's Goal-Setting Theory uses clear and challenging goals to advance employee motivation in the workplace. Goals that are well defined and challenging to attain are more likely to be met because they hold intrinsic and extrinsic value to the employee.

Thorndike's Reinforcement Theory: Using Consequences to Motivate Employees

9. Thorndike's Reinforcement Theory: Using Consequences to Motivate Employees

In the workplace, there are levels of acceptable behavior. As a manager, it is important to use appropriate techniques that reinforce acceptable behavior and deter inappropriate behavior. This lesson describes how reinforcement theory is used to influence employee behavior through consequences.

Schedules of Reinforcement in Psychology: Continuous & Partial

10. Schedules of Reinforcement in Psychology: Continuous & Partial

Have you ever wondered how our behavior is conditioned? How does the timing of rewards affect our behavior and our learning? In this lesson, we'll take a close look at how reinforcement scheduling can influence how fast we learn a behavior and how well the behavior is maintained.

Reward Systems & Employee Behavior: Intrinsic & Extrinsic Rewards

11. Reward Systems & Employee Behavior: Intrinsic & Extrinsic Rewards

Have you ever wondered why some employees are more motivated than others to work at a higher level of productivity? This lesson explains how managers use intrinsic and extrinsic rewards to reinforce positive employee behavior.

Organizational Behavior Modification: Definition & Example

12. Organizational Behavior Modification: Definition & Example

If you want to modify employee behavior and encourage productivity, what can you do? This lesson discusses organizational behavior modification and how it can be used to adjust the behavior of your employees.

The Pygmalion Effect: Influencing Employee Behavior

13. The Pygmalion Effect: Influencing Employee Behavior

Setting expectations for employee performance and behavior is one of the primary responsibilities of management. This lesson defines the Pygmalion Effect and describes how it is used to influence employee behavior.

Albert Bandura: Social-Cognitive Theory and Vicarious Learning

14. Albert Bandura: Social-Cognitive Theory and Vicarious Learning

A person's cognition, environment and behavior play important roles in learning new knowledge and skills. This lesson will focus on Albert Bandura's contributions to social learning and vicarious experiences.

Incentive Compensation Plans: Merit Pay, Piece Rates, Commissions, Bonuses & Skills-Based

15. Incentive Compensation Plans: Merit Pay, Piece Rates, Commissions, Bonuses & Skills-Based

An important role of human resource management is to develop a compensation system to encourage productivity. In this lesson, you'll learn about merit pay, piece rate pay, commissions, bonuses and skills-based pay and how they help achieve this goal.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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