About This Chapter
Employee Motivation in the Workplace - Chapter Summary
When reading through this chapter, you will be presented with clear and informative lessons on the main theories and topics related to motivating employees in the workplace. The instructors of each lesson will go through topics related to these specific theories and how they may be implemented in actual work environments.
The lessons will serve as a great way to review the main theories relevant to motivation, and provide you with a good sense of how they may help you better motivate employees. You will also go over specific examples of employee motivation that will help you better understand their function and significance. Completing this chapter will allow you to:
- Understand the specific theories of motivation relevant to the workplace
- Articulate examples of each theory
- Use these theories to better motivate employees
- Recognize reasons why employees might not be motivated
- Develop strategies for building motivation in the workplace
Each lesson is taught by an experienced instructor who will share his or her expertise with you and ensure that you come away from the lesson with only accurate, up-to-date information. If you wish to see how well you've understood these topics once you have completed the lessons, feel free to take the chapter's practice quizzes. As you go through the chapter, you can also track your progress with your personal Dashboard page.
1. Motivation Theory: Needs-Based & Behavior-Based
There are two schools of thought used to explain employee motivation in the workplace. Needs-based theory states that employees have certain needs that must be met in order to be motivated to perform. Behavior-based theory believes motivating factors influence behavior towards work.
2. Vroom's Expectancy Theory of Employee Motivation
Finding the right equation for motivating employees can be challenging. This lesson explains how expectancy theory is used to motivate employees by increasing the motivation to act based on a set of specific criteria.
3. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs: Definition, Theory & Pyramid
Why is it that when some of our needs aren't met, it's almost impossible to concentrate on other ones? Psychologist Abraham Maslow spent his career looking for these answers. Watch this lesson to learn about some of his most important conclusions.
4. Alderfer's ERG Theory & Employee Motivation in the Workplace
Alderfer's ERG theory is a simplified version of Maslow's hierarchy of needs that suggests that all human needs can be accessed and satisfied simultaneously, rather than from the bottom up. Either way, as needs are satisfied, employees are motivated to strive to satisfy a new need.
5. Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory: Hygiene Factors & Motivation
This lesson describes Frederick Herzberg's two-factor theory, which is based on the idea of how hygiene factors and satisfiers or motivators are used to provide satisfaction to employees in work environments.
6. Acquired Needs Theory: Need for Achievement, Power & Affiliation
Do you act out of a need for achievement, power or affiliation? This lesson describes the acquired needs theory and how one of the three types of needs affect us more than the others.
7. Equity Theory of Motivation: Reward & Effort
Have you ever noticed that some employees seem to work harder than others for the same reward? Why does that happen? This lesson explains how equity theory is used by managers to motivate employees by providing a high reward for equivalent efforts on part of the employee.
8. Locke's Goal-Setting Theory: Using Goals to Advance Motivation
Locke's Goal-Setting Theory uses clear and challenging goals to advance employee motivation in the workplace. Goals that are well defined and challenging to attain are more likely to be met because they hold intrinsic and extrinsic value to the employee.
9. Thorndike's Reinforcement Theory: Using Consequences to Motivate Employees
In the workplace, there are levels of acceptable behavior. As a manager, it is important to use appropriate techniques that reinforce acceptable behavior and deter inappropriate behavior. This lesson describes how reinforcement theory is used to influence employee behavior through consequences.
10. Schedules of Reinforcement in Psychology: Continuous & Partial
Have you ever wondered how our behavior is conditioned? How does the timing of rewards affect our behavior and our learning? In this lesson, we'll take a close look at how reinforcement scheduling can influence how fast we learn a behavior and how well the behavior is maintained.
11. Reward Systems & Employee Behavior: Intrinsic & Extrinsic Rewards
Have you ever wondered why some employees are more motivated than others to work at a higher level of productivity? This lesson explains how managers use intrinsic and extrinsic rewards to reinforce positive employee behavior.
12. Organizational Behavior Modification: Definition & Example
If you want to modify employee behavior and encourage productivity, what can you do? This lesson discusses organizational behavior modification and how it can be used to adjust the behavior of your employees.
13. The Pygmalion Effect: Influencing Employee Behavior
Setting expectations for employee performance and behavior is one of the primary responsibilities of management. This lesson defines the Pygmalion Effect and describes how it is used to influence employee behavior.
14. Albert Bandura: Social-Cognitive Theory and Vicarious Learning
A person's cognition, environment and behavior play important roles in learning new knowledge and skills. This lesson will focus on Albert Bandura's contributions to social learning and vicarious experiences.
15. Incentive Compensation Plans: Merit Pay, Piece Rates, Commissions, Bonuses & Skills-Based
An important role of human resource management is to develop a compensation system to encourage productivity. In this lesson, you'll learn about merit pay, piece rate pay, commissions, bonuses and skills-based pay and how they help achieve this goal.
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Other chapters within the CM Leading & Controlling Exam Study Guide - Certified Manager course
- Workplace Leadership
- Managing Change in the Workplace
- Workplace Conflict
- Organizational Politics at Work
- Managing Workplace Misbehavior
- Types of Workplace Misbehavior
- Privacy in the Workplace
- Time & Stress Management at Work
- Organizational Control in Business
- Controlling Operations Costs in Business
- Quality Management in Business
- Inventory Control in Business
- Business Accounting Fundamentals
- Financial Statements for Business
- Financial Analysis for Business
- Financial Management for Business
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