About This Chapter
Employee Motivation Theory - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Employee motivation is essential to an organization's function. Managing employee motivation can be a difficult task. This chapter touches on the topics you need to know about employee motivation theory. Instructors teach you the different theories associated with employee motivation and the different management styles used in the workplace. You can choose to take the quizzes in each lesson to test yourself on the material you learn. The topics in these lessons include:
- How to understand employee behavior
- What affects employee productivity
- Theories of need and how they differ
- How employee behavior is affected
- What motivators can be used in the workplace
- How managers differ in their management style
- How goals should be set in order to be effective
|Behavioral Management Theory: Understanding Employee Behavior & Motivation||Discover how this theory shifted management styles toward a focus on employee's need for work-related satisfaction.|
|The Hawthorne Effect: The Study of Employee Productivity||Examine Hawthorne's studies and how they contributed to management styles.|
|The Needs Theory: Motivating Employees with Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs||Explain Maslow's hierarchy of needs and how it motivates behavior.|
|The Pygmalion Effect: Influencing Employee Behavior||Evaluate how employee behavior can be influenced by the Pygmalion Effect.|
|Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory: Hygiene Factors & Motivation||Identify what motivators can be used to provide satisfaction in a working environment.|
|Alderfer's ERG Theory & Employee Motivation in the Workplace||Compare how Alderfer's theory differs from Maslow's theory of needs.|
|Acquired Needs Theory: Need for Achievement, Power & Affiliation||Summarize the acquired needs theory to discover which need impacts people the most.|
|Theory X & Theory Y: Two Types of Managers||Discover this theory's take on the two different types of managers and how they differ.|
|Equity Theory of Motivation: Reward & Effort||Assess how managers use equity theory in the work setting to motivate their employees.|
|Vroom's Expectancy Theory of Employee Motivation||Determine the challenges for motivating employees and the equation for figuring how to increase motivation.|
|Thorndike's Reinforcement Theory: Using Consequences to Motivate Employees||Examine how managers influence employee behavior using consequences.|
|Locke's Goal-Setting Theory: Using Goals to Advance Motivation||Evaluate Locke's assertion that well defined and challenging goals are the goals most likely to be met.|
1. Behavioral Management Theory: Understanding Employee Behavior & Motivation
Behavioral management theory was developed in response to the need to account for employee behavior and motivation. The shift moved management from a production orientation (classical leadership theory) to a leadership style focused on the workers' human need for work-related satisfaction and good working conditions.
2. The Hawthorne Effect: The Study of Employee Productivity
Does your behavior change when you think people are watching? This lesson describes the purpose and findings of the Hawthorne studies and their contribution to the practice of management.
3. The Needs Theory: Motivating Employees with Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Hunger, thirst, security, friendship, respect and being all that you can be are just some of the things that motivate us to take action. This lesson helps us to further understand these needs and how they motivate behavior by showing where they fall in Maslow's hierarchy of needs.
4. The Pygmalion Effect: Influencing Employee Behavior
Setting expectations for employee performance and behavior is one of the primary responsibilities of management. This lesson defines the Pygmalion Effect and describes how it is used to influence employee behavior.
5. Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory: Hygiene Factors & Motivation
This lesson describes Frederick Herzberg's two-factor theory, which is based on the idea of how hygiene factors and satisfiers or motivators are used to provide satisfaction to employees in work environments.
6. Alderfer's ERG Theory & Employee Motivation in the Workplace
Alderfer's ERG theory is a simplified version of Maslow's hierarchy of needs that suggests that all human needs can be accessed and satisfied simultaneously, rather than from the bottom up. Either way, as needs are satisfied, employees are motivated to strive to satisfy a new need.
7. Acquired Needs Theory: Need for Achievement, Power & Affiliation
Do you act out of a need for achievement, power or affiliation? This lesson describes the acquired needs theory and how one of the three types of needs affect us more than the others.
8. Equity Theory of Motivation: Reward & Effort
Have you ever noticed that some employees seem to work harder than others for the same reward? Why does that happen? This lesson explains how equity theory is used by managers to motivate employees by providing a high reward for equivalent efforts on part of the employee.
9. Vroom's Expectancy Theory of Employee Motivation
Finding the right equation for motivating employees can be challenging. This lesson explains how expectancy theory is used to motivate employees by increasing the motivation to act based on a set of specific criteria.
10. Locke's Goal-Setting Theory: Using Goals to Advance Motivation
Locke's Goal-Setting Theory uses clear and challenging goals to advance employee motivation in the workplace. Goals that are well defined and challenging to attain are more likely to be met because they hold intrinsic and extrinsic value to the employee.
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Other chapters within the Business 306: Strategic Human Resources Management course
- Strategic Human Resource Management
- Human Resource Management Theory
- Employment Law & Rights of Employees
- Equal Employment Opportunity
- Workplace Diversity & Multiculturalism
- Recruiting & Selecting Employees
- Employee Benefits & Compensation
- Collective Bargaining & Unions
- Organizational Training Programs
- Performance Management
- Employee Value & Competitive Advantage
- Human Resource Management Around the World
- Human Resource Metrics & Measurement
- Required Assignments for Business 306
- Studying for Business 306