About This Chapter
Employment Law & Employee Rights - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Imagine what the United States would be like without a system that sets standards in the workplace. As this country has grown and evolved, so have the laws that govern and mediate workplace issues. In this chapter, you will see how organizations strive to make the workplace a positive environment, and how employees often respond when environments are not so positive. You will look at historical cases that help set standards for workers and employers of the nation. This chapter can help you understand the following:
- Employee rights
- Laws and regulations
- Positive work environment trends
- Stress in the workplace
- Union rights
|Employee Rights: At-will, Privacy, Safety, etc.||Understand how organizations are required to comply with certain laws and regulations concerning employee rights.|
|How Organizations Promote Work-Life Balance: Definition and Common Practices||Learn how organizations offer programs that create balance between work and other areas of life.|
|Stress in the Workplace: Definition, Sources & Meaning||Look at some common sources of stress in the workplace.|
|Consequences of Stress at Work: Physiological, Psychological & Behavioral Symptoms||See the various ways tension from work can manifest itself.|
|Human Resource Management (HRM): Laws & Regulations||Learn about laws and regulations that human resource management is legally obligated to follow.|
|EEO Provisions: Prima Facia, BFOQ, EEOC, Disparate Impact and Treatment, Uniform Guidelines||Look at the specific requirements of EEO Title VII and discover how they impact supervisors and HR managers.|
|Equal Employment Opportunity Regs: Title VII, ADA, ADEA||Look at EEO regulations and how they're implemented.|
|Wage and Income Regs: ERISA, FLSA, FMLA, COBRA, Equal Pay Act||Recognize regulations that govern issues of income and earnings.|
|Health and Safety Regs: OSHA, WARN||Understand what regulations exist regarding health and safety in the workplace, and learn why they came about.|
|Union: NLRA, Taft-Hartley, Civil Servants Reform||Explore federal laws that have been created to protect workers' rights.|
|Civil Rights Act of 1964 and 1991||Look at how these laws have affected the workplace.|
1. Employee Rights: Employment-At-Will Doctrine & Exceptions
Most employment relationships in the United States are subject to the employment-at-will doctrine. In this lesson, you'll learn about the employment-at-will doctrine and its exceptions. You'll also have the chance to take a short quiz.
2. Employee Rights: Privacy & Safety
The modern workplace can be an intrusive and sometimes even a dangerous and violent place. In this lesson, you'll learn about employee privacy and safety. Topics will include employee surveillance, social media and workplace safety and violence.
3. How Organizations Promote Work-Life Balance: Definition and Common Practices
The overall trend in organizations to keep employee turnover rates down is to offer significant programs that provide a work-life balance. A work-life balance is an organizational concept that empowers employees to split time and energy between work and other important areas of their life successfully.
4. Stress in the Workplace: Definition, Sources & Meaning
The workplace is a constant source of stress for individuals. Managers need to understand the different sources of stress. Work demands and nonwork demands are the two major sources of stress that individuals face daily.
5. Consequences of Stress at Work: Physiological, Psychological & Behavioral Symptoms
Stress can affect individuals in many different ways on the job. Individual Stress consists of physiological, psychological and behavioral symptoms. All three behavioral symptoms can cause immense organizational distress.
6. Human Resource Management (HRM): Laws & Regulations
Learn about several laws, regulations, policies and governing entities that human resource management (HRM) must comply with, like the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title VII, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), sexual harassment and affirmative action.
7. Equal Employment Opportunity: Title VII Law & Regulations
One of the most important employment laws on the books is Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. In this lesson, you'll learn about Title VII, its regulations and how it affects human resources management. A short quiz follows.
8. Equal Employment Opportunity: Title VII Requirements for Managers & Organizations
Violation of Title VII can result in serious consequences for a business. In this lesson, you'll learn important issues and concepts that managers must understand in order to comply with Title VII. A short quiz follows the lesson.
9. Equal Employment Opportunity: ADA Law & Regulations
One of the most important employment laws on the books for human resource managers is the Americans with Disabilities Act. In this lesson, you'll learn some of its key provisions and concepts. A short quiz follows.
10. Equal Employment Opportunity: ADEA Law & Regulations
The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 will continue to play an important role in human resources management as the U.S. population continues to age. In this lesson, you'll learn about its key provisions.
11. Equal Employment Opportunity: PDA & Regulations
Female employees play a pivotal role in the success of an organization, but have historically been at a career disadvantage if they decide to bear children. In this lesson, you'll learn about the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, including its protections and key provisions.
12. Equal Pay Act: Definition and Effects
Women have made huge strides in the working world in recent decades. However, there is still a problem of unequal pay. In this lesson, you'll learn about the Equal Pay Act and its key provisions. A short quiz follows the lesson.
13. ERISA Law: Explanation & Importance
In the U.S., individuals are primarily responsible for saving for retirement. A pivotal vehicle is employer-sponsored retirement plans. In this lesson, you'll learn about ERISA, which is an important law that regulates private sector benefit plans.
14. Wage and Hour Laws: Overview of the Fair Labor Standards Act
Most people work for others to make a living by trading their labor for a wage and other benefits. In this lesson, you'll learn about the Fair Labor Standards Act and the minimum standards it sets for certain labor practices.
15. Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA): Overview and Importance
Sometimes tragic or important personal events, such as a birth, medical illness or death of a loved one, require us to take time off from work. In this lesson, you'll learn how the Family and Medical Leave Act protects employees during these times.
16. COBRA: Overview and Importance
Health insurance is one of the most important benefits an employee receives. In this lesson, you'll learn how COBRA allows an employee to keep his insurance coverage after he has left employment. A short quiz follows.
17. Unemployment Insurance: Definition and Significance
While no one wants to think about it, it is likely that most people will face some period of unemployment during their working lives. In this lesson, you'll learn about unemployment compensation and its significance to employers, employees and the economy.
18. Workers' Compensation: Overview and Description
Sometimes, work can be a dangerous proposition and accidents happen even in the safest of jobs. The workers' compensation system is designed to address these situations. In this lesson, you'll learn about some key aspects of the system.
19. Affordable Health Care Act: Description, Overview & Relevance to HR Management
One of the newest federal laws facing employers today is the Affordable Care Act. In this lesson, you'll be provided an overview of the Affordable Care Act and its relevance to human resource management. A short quiz follows.
20. Health and Safety Regulations: OSHA
The workplace can be a dangerous place, and workers are injured and even killed on the job. In this lesson, you'll learn how the Occupational Safety and Health Administration works to minimize dangerous workplace conditions.
21. The Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification (WARN) Act
Massive layoffs and plant closings can dramatically affect the lives of employees. In this lesson, you'll learn about the Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act and how it attempts to alleviate economic fallout.
22. Labor Relations & Unions: NLRA, Taft-Hartley & the Civil Service Reform Act
The relationship between labor and management is governed by a set of federal labor laws. In this lesson, you'll learn about the National Labor Relations Act, the Taft-Hartley Act and the Civil Service Reform Act. A short quiz follows.
23. Relation of the Civil Rights Acts of 1964 and 1991 to Human Resource Management
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is one of the most influential laws affecting employment in the United States. The Civil Rights Act of 1991 amended some of its provisions. In this lesson, you'll learn about how each Act applies to HR Management.
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Other chapters within the Business 106: Human Resource Management course
- Overview of HRM Field
- Organizational Theories & Human Resources
- Job Analysis and Design
- Staffing in Organizations
- Training and Development in Organizations
- Performance Appraisals
- Employee Compensation Issues
- Labor Relations
- International Human Resource Management
- Current Issues and Trends in HRM
- Studying for Business 106