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Ch 10: Endocrine System: Tutoring Solution

About This Chapter

The Endocrine System chapter of this Anatomy & Physiology Tutoring Solution is a flexible and affordable path to learning about the endocrine system. These simple and fun video lessons are each about five minutes long and they teach all of the information about the endocrine system's functions and disorders required in a typical anatomy & physiology course.

How it works:

  • Begin your assignment or other anatomy & physiology work.
  • Identify the endocrine system concepts that you're stuck on.
  • Find fun videos on the topics you need to understand.
  • Press play, watch and learn!
  • Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
  • As needed, submit a question to one of our instructors for personalized support.

Who's it for?

This chapter of our anatomy & physiology tutoring solution will benefit any student who is trying to learn about the endocrine system and earn better grades. This resource can help students including those who:

  • Struggle with understanding organ functions, hormones, symptoms and treatments for gland disorders or any other endocrine system topic
  • Have limited time for studying
  • Want a cost effective way to supplement their biology learning
  • Prefer learning biology visually
  • Find themselves failing or close to failing their endocrine system unit
  • Cope with ADD or ADHD
  • Want to get ahead in anatomy & physiology
  • Don't have access to their biology teacher outside of class

Why it works:

  • Engaging Tutors: We make learning about the endocrine system simple and fun.
  • Cost Efficient: For less than 20% of the cost of a private tutor, you'll have unlimited access 24/7.
  • Consistent High Quality: Unlike a live anatomy & physiology tutor, these video lessons are thoroughly reviewed.
  • Convenient: Imagine a tutor as portable as your laptop, tablet or smartphone. Learn the endocrine system on the go!
  • Learn at Your Pace: You can pause and rewatch lessons as often as you'd like, until you master the material.

Learning Objectives

  • Define hormones and describe the role they play in the human body.
  • Name the hormones produced by the pituitary gland and describe the relationship between the pituitary gland and hypothalamus.
  • Explain the functions of hormones produced by the anterior pituitary gland, including growth hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone and prolactin.
  • Learn about disorders caused by dysfunction of the pituitary gland, such as acromegaly and gigantism.
  • Discuss the anatomy of the thyroid gland and learn how the hormones it produces regulate metabolism.
  • Take a look at common disorders caused by dysfunction of the thyroid gland, including hyper- and hypothyroidism.
  • Name the anatomical features of the parathyroid gland. Describe the role it plays in calcium metabolism.
  • Learn about the anatomy and functions of the pancreas. Take a look at how it produced insulin.
  • Discuss disorders caused by abnormal function of the pancreas, including diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus and gestational diabetes.
  • Understand the anatomy of the adrenal glands and name the hormones they produce. Explain the role the adrenal glands play in regulation of the sympathetic nervous system.
  • Describe the role of epinephrine and norepinephrine in stress adaptation.
  • Discuss the functions of androgens and glucocorticoids secreted by the adrenal glands.
  • Describe how the aldosterone secreted by the adrenal glands helps regulate fluid balance. Explain the function of cortisol.
  • Learn how Addison's disease can result from insufficient function of the adrenal glands. Explain how this disease can be treated with prednisone.
  • Take a look at the anatomical structures of the pineal gland. Understand the relationship between melatonin and the circadian rhythm.
  • Understand the anatomy of the ovaries and testes. Explain how the hormones they secrete contribute to secondary sex characteristics in males and females.
  • Discuss the hormones of the placenta and explain how the placenta is formed.

17 Lessons in Chapter 10: Endocrine System: Tutoring Solution
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Hormones: Definition, Function & Intro to the Endocrine System

1. Hormones: Definition, Function & Intro to the Endocrine System

This lesson introduces the endocrine system and provides a brief overview of each endocrine gland. It also provides the definition of hormones and describes their general function inside the body.

What Is the Pituitary Gland? - Functions, Hormones & Hypothalamus

2. What Is the Pituitary Gland? - Functions, Hormones & Hypothalamus

In this lesson, we'll discuss the functions of the anterior and posterior portions of the pituitary gland, the hormones they release and the relationship with the hypothalamus.

Hormones of the Anterior Pituitary Gland: Names & Functions

3. Hormones of the Anterior Pituitary Gland: Names & Functions

The anterior pituitary gland secretes six hormones. In this lesson, you will learn the functions of the hormones: growth hormone (GH), prolactin (PRL), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH).

Pituitary Dysfunction: Disorders and Symptoms

4. Pituitary Dysfunction: Disorders and Symptoms

The pituitary gland secretes hormones that affect growth, reproductive ability, and water retention. If there is a hypo- or hyper-secretion of these hormones, the result can be a number of conditions, including pituitary dwarfism, gigantism, acromegaly, sterility, or diabetes insipidus.

The Thyroid Gland: Functions, Calcitonin & TSH

5. The Thyroid Gland: Functions, Calcitonin & TSH

Your thyroid gland produces the hormones T3 and thyroxine (T4), which play a role in metabolism. Your thyroid also produces calcitonin, which helps regulate blood calcium levels. In this lesson, you will learn about the thyroid gland and its hormones, including how they are regulated by TSH.

Thyroid Disorders: Hyperthyroidism, Hypothyroidism & Thyroidectomy

6. Thyroid Disorders: Hyperthyroidism, Hypothyroidism & Thyroidectomy

The thyroid gland produces hormones that help set your metabolic rate. This lesson will discuss conditions of the thyroid gland, including hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism, and their related symptoms.

Parathyroid Gland: Calcium Metabolism, Osteoclasts & PTH

7. Parathyroid Gland: Calcium Metabolism, Osteoclasts & PTH

The parathyroid glands are tiny endocrine glands found on the posterior surface of the thyroid gland. In this lesson,, you will learn about the parathyroid glands, and the role parathyroid hormone plays in maintaining normal blood calcium levels.

Pancreas: Functions, Anatomy & Insulin Production

8. Pancreas: Functions, Anatomy & Insulin Production

The islets of Langerhans within your pancreas produce the hormones insulin and glucagon. In this lesson, you will learn how these hormones regulate your blood sugar level in opposite ways.

Disorders of the Pancreas: Types, Symptoms & Treatments

9. Disorders of the Pancreas: Types, Symptoms & Treatments

The pancreas produces insulin. If the pancreas is incapable of producing insulin or cells do not respond to this hormone, then a person can develop diabetes mellitus. In this lesson, you will learn about diabetes and how it relates to the pancreas.

Adrenal Glands: Function, Cortex & Medulla

10. Adrenal Glands: Function, Cortex & Medulla

The adrenal glands sit on top of your kidneys and are comprised of an inner medulla region that is enclosed by the outer adrenal cortex. Both portions of the adrenal gland secrete hormones that regulate body functions and help maintain internal balance.

Adrenal Glands: Epinephrine, Norepinephrine & Stress Adaptation

11. Adrenal Glands: Epinephrine, Norepinephrine & Stress Adaptation

The adrenal medulla is the central portion of the adrenal gland. In this lesson, you will learn about the two hormones secreted by the adrenal medulla - epinephrine and norepinephrine - and how they help you deal with short-term stressors.

Adrenal Cortex: Glucocorticoids and Androgens

12. Adrenal Cortex: Glucocorticoids and Androgens

The adrenal cortex secretes steroid hormones. In this lesson, you will learn about two of these steroid hormones: glucocorticoids, which help you deal with long-term stress, and androgens, which influence male sexual characteristics.

Adrenal Cortex: Aldosterone and Body Fluid Balance

13. Adrenal Cortex: Aldosterone and Body Fluid Balance

Mineralocorticoids are a type of steroid hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex. In this lesson, you will learn about the main mineralocorticoid, aldosterone, and how it regulates your body's salt and water balance.

Adrenal Gland Disorders & Treatments: Addison's Disease and Prednisone

14. Adrenal Gland Disorders & Treatments: Addison's Disease and Prednisone

The adrenal glands secrete hormones that help maintain balance in your body. But, if these hormones are over- or under-secreted, disease can develop. In this lesson, you will learn about disorders of the adrenal glands, including Addison's disease and Cushing's syndrome, as well as their treatments.

Pineal Gland, Functions, Melatonin & Circadian Rhythm

15. Pineal Gland, Functions, Melatonin & Circadian Rhythm

Deep inside your brain sits a very small endocrine gland called the pineal gland. This tiny gland secretes the hormone melatonin, and in this lesson, you will learn about the role melatonin plays in regulating sleep and wake cycles.

Hormones of the Testes and Ovaries: Functions & Anatomical Features

16. Hormones of the Testes and Ovaries: Functions & Anatomical Features

The testes and the ovaries secrete steroid hormones that help you grow and develop. In this lesson, we will learn about the female hormones, estrogen and progesterone, and the male hormone, testosterone, and how these hormones influence the development of secondary sex characteristics.

Hormones of the Placenta: Estrogen, Progesterone & hCG

17. Hormones of the Placenta: Estrogen, Progesterone & hCG

The placenta is an endocrine gland that is only present during pregnancy. In this lesson, you will learn about the hormones it produces, including human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), progesterone, estrogen, and human placental lactogen (hPL).

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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