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Ch 15: Enlightenment & the Revolution in Europe

About This Chapter

This chapter covers the Enlightenment and revolutions in Europe. Study these lessons to review the rulers, philosophers and conflicts that marked this period in history.

Enlightenment & the Revolution in Europe - Chapter Summary

Access this chapter when you're ready to brush up on the Enlightenment and revolutions in Europe. You can use these lessons to find out more about Russia, England and France during the time period of the Enlightenment. With this chapter, you'll be studying:

  • Frederick the Great, Peter the Great and the enlightened despots in Russia
  • Thomas Hobbes, John Locke and the English Civil War
  • Voltaire, Rousseau and Baron De Montesquieu
  • Louis XIV and the French Revolution
  • Constitutional monarchy and the Declaration of the Rights of Man

You can study this information through our engaging video and text lessons. These lessons include transcripts for you to review and interactive quizzes to assess your understanding of this period of history. You'll find instructors with an expert knowledge of history available to answer any questions you might have about the subjects covered by these lessons.

15 Lessons in Chapter 15: Enlightenment & the Revolution in Europe
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Enlightenment Thinkers & Their Ideas

1. The Enlightenment Thinkers & Their Ideas

In this lesson, we discuss the varied and diverse 18th-century intellectual movement known as the Enlightenment. In addition to exploring its background and nature, we highlight several of the era's chief philosophers and their ideas.

Frederick the Great: Biography, Facts & Accomplishments

2. Frederick the Great: Biography, Facts & Accomplishments

This lesson explores the life and accomplishments of King Frederick II, also known as Frederick the Great. By winning wars and expanding territories, he established Prussia as a strong military power and became a legendary champion of the Enlightenment.

Peter the Great & the Westernization of Russia: Facts & History

3. Peter the Great & the Westernization of Russia: Facts & History

In this lesson, we explore the reign of arguably Russia's greatest monarch, Peter the Great. We'll also look at the westernization of Russian life and government that he implemented.

Enlightened Despots in Russia: Reforms & Goals

4. Enlightened Despots in Russia: Reforms & Goals

In this lesson, we explore the term enlightened despotism and the two rulers that most closely resemble enlightened despots in eighteenth-century Russia, Peter the Great and Catherine the Great.

Thomas Hobbes & John Locke: Political Theories & Competing Views

5. Thomas Hobbes & John Locke: Political Theories & Competing Views

In this lesson, we discuss the two premier English political theorists of the 17th century: Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. We'll also take a look at their impact on Western philosophy in contemporary and modern times.

The English Civil War and Failure of Charles' Monarchy

6. The English Civil War and Failure of Charles' Monarchy

This lesson will explain the reign and execution of England's King Charles I. It will highlight the actions of Charles, along with his confrontations with Parliament, that led to the English Civil War.

The English Civil War and the Rise of Cromwell's Theocracy

7. The English Civil War and the Rise of Cromwell's Theocracy

This lesson will describe the events that led to the rise of Oliver Cromwell's theocracy. It will highlight the English Civil War, the execution of King Charles and the oppressive rule of Cromwell.

Voltaire: Philosophy & Works

8. Voltaire: Philosophy & Works

In this lesson we examine the literary contributions of Fran├žois-Marie Arouet (better known as Voltaire), a prominent writer and thinker of the French Enlightenment.

Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Ideas, Impact & Works

9. Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Ideas, Impact & Works

Jean-Jacques Rousseau was one of the most important philosophers of the Enlightenment period. Learn about his important works, his main ideas, and how he influenced other philosophers, movements, and governments in this lesson.

Baron De Montesquieu: Ideas, Accomplishments & Facts

10. Baron De Montesquieu: Ideas, Accomplishments & Facts

In this lesson we will learn who Baron de Montesquieu was. Together, we will take a closer look at his history, his personal life and his legacy. We will analyze his works and the impact they have made on legal philosophy and modern-day constitutional law.

The Reign of Louis XIV in France: Accomplishments & Influence

11. The Reign of Louis XIV in France: Accomplishments & Influence

In this lesson, we explore the reign of Louis XIV in France. Domestically, Louis revolutionized numerous facets of French government and administration over his 72-year reign.

The Causes of the French Revolution: Economic & Social Conditions

12. The Causes of the French Revolution: Economic & Social Conditions

In this lesson, we explore the social, economic, and political conditions in late 18th-century France, out of which the French Revolution exploded in 1789.

Phases of the French Revolution: Overview & Events

13. Phases of the French Revolution: Overview & Events

This lesson will provide a brief overview of the primary phases, key events, and main characters of the French Revolution. We will also study the conditions and circumstances leading up to the Revolution.

The Reign of Terror in the French Revolution: Definition, Summary & Timeline

14. The Reign of Terror in the French Revolution: Definition, Summary & Timeline

In this lesson, we explore the phase of the French Revolution popularly known as the Reign of Terror, a year-long period where thousands of French men and women lost their lives.

The Constitutional Monarchy: Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen & the Civil Constitution

15. The Constitutional Monarchy: Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen & the Civil Constitution

In this lesson, we will study the moderate phase of the French Revolution, focusing specifically on the Tennis Court Oath, the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, the Civil Constitution of the Clergy, and the constitutional monarchy.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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