About This Chapter
Enlightenment & the Revolution in Europe - Chapter Summary
Access this chapter when you're ready to brush up on the Enlightenment and revolutions in Europe. You can use these lessons to find out more about Russia, England and France during the time period of the Enlightenment. With this chapter, you'll be studying:
- Frederick the Great, Peter the Great and the enlightened despots in Russia
- Thomas Hobbes, John Locke and the English Civil War
- Voltaire, Rousseau and Baron De Montesquieu
- Louis XIV and the French Revolution
- Constitutional monarchy and the Declaration of the Rights of Man
You can study this information through our engaging video and text lessons. These lessons include transcripts for you to review and interactive quizzes to assess your understanding of this period of history. You'll find instructors with an expert knowledge of history available to answer any questions you might have about the subjects covered by these lessons.
1. The Enlightenment Thinkers & Their Ideas
In this lesson, we discuss the varied and diverse 18th-century intellectual movement known as the Enlightenment. In addition to exploring its background and nature, we highlight several of the era's chief philosophers and their ideas.
2. Frederick the Great: Biography, Facts & Accomplishments
This lesson explores the life and accomplishments of King Frederick II, also known as Frederick the Great. By winning wars and expanding territories, he established Prussia as a strong military power and became a legendary champion of the Enlightenment.
3. Peter the Great & the Westernization of Russia: Facts & History
In this lesson, we explore the reign of arguably Russia's greatest monarch, Peter the Great. We'll also look at the westernization of Russian life and government that he implemented.
4. Enlightened Despots in Russia: Reforms & Goals
In this lesson, we explore the term enlightened despotism and the two rulers that most closely resemble enlightened despots in eighteenth-century Russia, Peter the Great and Catherine the Great.
5. Thomas Hobbes & John Locke: Political Theories & Competing Views
In this lesson, we discuss the two premier English political theorists of the 17th century: Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. We'll also take a look at their impact on Western philosophy in contemporary and modern times.
6. The English Civil War and Failure of Charles' Monarchy
This lesson will explain the reign and execution of England's King Charles I. It will highlight the actions of Charles, along with his confrontations with Parliament, that led to the English Civil War.
7. The English Civil War and the Rise of Cromwell's Theocracy
This lesson will describe the events that led to the rise of Oliver Cromwell's theocracy. It will highlight the English Civil War, the execution of King Charles and the oppressive rule of Cromwell.
8. Voltaire: Philosophy & Works
In this lesson we examine the literary contributions of François-Marie Arouet (better known as Voltaire), a prominent writer and thinker of the French Enlightenment.
9. Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Ideas, Impact & Works
Jean-Jacques Rousseau was one of the most important philosophers of the Enlightenment period. Learn about his important works, his main ideas, and how he influenced other philosophers, movements, and governments in this lesson.
10. Baron De Montesquieu: Ideas, Accomplishments & Facts
In this lesson we will learn who Baron de Montesquieu was. Together, we will take a closer look at his history, his personal life and his legacy. We will analyze his works and the impact they have made on legal philosophy and modern-day constitutional law.
11. The Reign of Louis XIV in France: Accomplishments & Influence
In this lesson, we explore the reign of Louis XIV in France. Domestically, Louis revolutionized numerous facets of French government and administration over his 72-year reign.
12. The Causes of the French Revolution: Economic & Social Conditions
In this lesson, we explore the social, economic, and political conditions in late 18th-century France, out of which the French Revolution exploded in 1789.
13. Phases of the French Revolution: Overview & Events
This lesson will provide a brief overview of the primary phases, key events, and main characters of the French Revolution. We will also study the conditions and circumstances leading up to the Revolution.
14. The Reign of Terror in the French Revolution: Definition, Summary & Timeline
In this lesson, we explore the phase of the French Revolution popularly known as the Reign of Terror, a year-long period where thousands of French men and women lost their lives.
15. The Constitutional Monarchy: Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen & the Civil Constitution
In this lesson, we will study the moderate phase of the French Revolution, focusing specifically on the Tennis Court Oath, the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, the Civil Constitution of the Clergy, and the constitutional monarchy.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the OSAT World History/Geography (CEOE) (018): Practice & Study Guide course
- Historical Concepts & Research Skills
- Early Civilizations of the Ancient Near East
- Early Indian Civilizations & Empires
- Early Civilizations in Asia
- Early Civilizations in the Americas
- Early African Civilizations
- The Birth of the Muslim World
- Classical Greek Culture & Philosophy
- The Roman Republic Rises
- Fall of the Roman Empire Through the Middle Ages
- Renaissance Europe
- European Religion & Politics During the Reformation
- The Scientific Revolution
- International Exploration & European Expansion
- Revolution in the Americas
- The Industrial Revolution & the Rise of Capitalism
- 19th Century Political & Societal Developments
- 19th and 20th Century Imperialism
- Battles & Consequences of World War I
- World War II
- Restructuring the World After World War II
- Decolonization, Revolution & Nationalism After WWII
- Important World Leaders of the 20th Century
- Cultural & Political Developments After WWII
- Principles of Geographic Data & Research
- Geography Tools
- Location & Migration as Geographic Themes
- Cycles and Spheres of Earth
- Ecosystems and Biomes
- Weather and Storms
- Overview of Human Geography
- Earth's Energy Resources
- Ecological Problems in the US
- History, People & Geography of the American Midwest
- Oklahoma's Culture, History & Geography
- OSAT World History/Geography (CEOE) (018) Flashcards