About This Chapter
Environmental & Evolutionary Psychological Perspectives - Chapter Summary
The lessons that you will find in this chapter will help you become familiar with psychological perspectives that are environmental and evolutionary in nature. Topics like empathy and personality theories will be explained. Each lesson will teach you different topics such as:
- Theory of person-environment fit
- Four approaches used for job design
- Social information processing
- Relationship between psychological principles and the environment
- Social psychology's influence
- Theories on urban overload and pluralistic ignorance
- Significance of global warming and pollution on the environment
- White-collar vs. blue-collar crime
- Theories related to marriage and selecting mates
- Difference between empathy and sympathy
- Social exchange theory vs. empathy-altruism hypothesis
- Main types of personality theories
This chapter's lessons are engaging and informative, and each can be completed in about 10 minutes. Use the lesson quizzes to assess how much you know. The immediate feedback allows you to go back into the chapter and review anything you missed before moving forward to other chapters.
1. Person-Environment Fit: Theory & Model
The concept of person-environment fit is designed to help you find a job you like. In this lesson, you'll learn about person-environment fit, the theory underlying it, and some ways the theory is modeled. A short quiz is provided after the lesson.
2. Social Psychology and its Applications in Environmental Efforts
Social psychologists have used information from their experiments to change people's behaviors in an effort to save the environment. In this lesson, we'll look at several psychological principles and how they can be applied to environmental efforts.
3. Urban Overload, Pluralistic Ignorance & Diffusion of Responsibility: Definition and Effect on Helping
Studies have shown that people in large cities are less likely to help people out than people in small towns. In this lesson, we'll learn why this is by looking at the theories of urban overload, pluralistic ignorance, and diffusion of responsibility.
4. Environmental Impact: Society's Relationship and Issues
In this lesson, we will discuss global warming, pollution and loss of habitat. Learn how the burning of fossil fuels and the clearing of forests lead to global warming by increasing the amount of carbon dioxide in the earth's atmosphere.
5. Social Conflict Theory and Crime: Definitions and Approach to Deviance
In this lesson, we discuss the social conflict approach to deviance, including the connection between deviance and power as well as deviance and capitalism. We also discuss the difference between white-collar and blue-collar crime and define corporate crime and organized crime.
6. Mate Choice & Marriage: Factors in the Selection Process
This lesson will seek to explain the universals that pertain to marriage and choosing a mate for life. In doing this, it will highlight theories based on division of labor, prolonged infant dependency, and sexual competition.
7. What Is Empathy? - Definition & Examples
Are you able to put yourself in other people's shoes and see things from their point of view? If so, you have empathy. Learn more about empathy, how it differs from sympathy, and how it is used in the field of psychology.
8. Social Exchange Theory vs. Empathy-Altruism
Social psychologists disagree on why people help others. Two theories on the subject are social exchange theory and the empathy-altruism hypothesis. In this lesson, we'll learn more about each of these theories.
9. Personality Theories: Types & Overview
There are many different types of personality theories. The following lesson provides an overview of the three main types of personality theories and presents an example for each theory.
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Other chapters within the Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology (EPPP): Study Guide & Practice course
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