About This Chapter
Ethical Issues - Chapter Summary
This self-paced chapter makes it easy to gain full comprehension of various ethical issues. Whether you're looking to study the basics of moral dilemmas, moral relativism or moral development, you've reached the right place! Our lessons offer the in-depth analyses you need to deepen your knowledge of ethical issues and how and why they arise. Multiple-choice quizzes can ensure you comprehend the lessons you review. The Dashboard keeps track of your progress and lets you submit any lesson topic questions you have to our subject-matter experts. Once you've finished this chapter, you should be able to:
- List and describe different theories of moral development
- Define and share examples of moral dilemma
- Discuss philosophical arguments for and against moral relativism
- Summarize Friedrich Nietzsche's Beyond Good and Evil
- Describe theories of morality based on theology, psychology and sociology
- Explain arguments for and against killing in defense of the innocent
1. The Different Theories of Moral Development
How do our ideas of right and wrong come into being? There are a few theories that stand out in their explanation of moral development. These include: psychoanalytic theory, evolutionary theory and cognitive theories.
2. Moral Dilemma: Definition & Examples
A moral dilemma is a conflict in which you have to choose between two or more actions and have moral reasons for choosing each action. Learn more about moral dilemmas from examples and test your knowledge with a quiz.
3. Arguments For & Against Moral Relativism
Moral relativism is just one of many philosophical arguments about right or wrong, and so it has many supporters and many opponents. Explore each point of view and test your understanding with a brief quiz.
4. Friedrich Nietzsche's Beyond Good and Evil: Summary & Concepts
Nietzsche was a German philosopher during the 19th century who wrote heavily on consciousness, religion, science, and morals. In 1886, he self-funded the publication of 'Beyond Good and Evil,' the book we will discuss in this lesson.
5. Why Be Moral? - Sociological, Psychological & Theological Reasoning
What makes people act good or bad? This might seem like a simple question, but it has a very complex answer. In this lesson, we'll examine theories of morality based in sociology, psychology, and theology.
6. Killing in Defense of the Innocent: Definition & Arguments
Using a current example, this lesson explores arguments for and against killing in the defense of the innocent. In doing so, it also highlights the Moral Foundations Theory's views on care vs. harm.
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