About This Chapter
Ethnicity and Geography - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Ethnicity plays a role in many issues, including wars and social issues. In this chapter, we'll get a definition of ethnicity, how it differs from nationality and why ethnic groups sometimes clash within a nation. Another lesson looks at ethnic cleansing, with a focus on occurrences in Europe and Africa. After watching each lesson, you can take a brief multiple-choice quiz that lets you assess your knowledge and see if any areas require additional study before you move ahead. This chapter is designed to teach you about:
- How ethnicity and race differ
- Why ethnicity is often synonymous with nationality
- Ethnic competition within nations
- What is meant by ethnic cleansing
|Race and Ethnicity Definitions: Social Minority vs. Social Majority||Define ethnicity and the distribution of ethnicity.|
|Transforming Ethnicities into Nationalities||Relate how ethnicity can assume the same meaning as nationality.|
|Ethnic Competition, Division & Domination||Name reasons why ethnic groups clash, and describe national divisions among various ethnicities.|
|Ethnic Cleansing: Definition & Examples||Explain what ethnic cleansing is, and look at examples in Central Africa and Europe.|
1. Race and Ethnicity Definitions: Social Minority vs. Social Majority
This lesson introduces concepts important to understanding race and ethnicity. First, a distinction is made between 'race' and 'ethnicity.' Next, the idea of a social minority is defined, along with distinction and subordination. Finally, U.S. trends regarding minority influence are outlined.
2. Transforming Ethnicities into Nationalities
This lesson will discuss the process of how ethnicities transform into nationalities. In doing this, it will highlight the concepts of self-determination, nation-states, centripetal force, and ethnographic boundaries.
3. Ethnic Competition, Division & Domination
This lesson will explore the concepts of ethnicity in reference to ethnic competition, division, and domination. It will also highlight the atrocity of ethnic cleansing.
4. Ethnic Cleansing: Definition & Examples
This lesson will explain the tragedy of ethnic cleansing. In doing so, it will highlight examples from the 1990s, the Holocaust, the Spanish Inquisition, and even the ancient world.
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Other chapters within the Anthropology 101: General Anthropology course
- Introduction to Anthropology
- Theoretical Perspectives of Anthropology
- The Molecular and Chromosomal Basis of Inheritance
- Transmission/Mendelian Genetics
- Population Genetics and Evolution
- DNA Damage, Mutation, and Repair
- Physical Anthropology
- Geologic Time and Anthropology
- Archaeology and Anthropology
- The Origin and Dispersal of Humans and Culture
- Effects of Population on the Environment
- Domestication of Plants and Animals
- Geography of Land Resources
- The Nature of Culture
- Art and Anthropology
- Language and Communication
- Spatial Processes
- Settlement Patterns
- Societies in Anthropology
- Economic Systems
- Marriage, Family, and Kinship
- Political Organization
- Modernization and Application of Anthropology