About This Chapter
Ethnocentricity, Prejudice & Stereotypes - Chapter Summary
This comprehensive chapter discusses foundational terms and issues related to stereotypes, prejudice and ethnocentricity. As you work through these expertly taught and informative lessons, you'll see how these concepts are evident in communications and how they can be prevented. The chapter comes with self-assessment quizzes that reinforce important terms and concepts from the lessons. Be sure to take the chapter exam, and feel free to reach out to our instructors if you have any questions. When you're finished, you should be able to:
- Define the concepts of ethnocentricity, prejudice, discrimination, stereotypes and xenophobia
- Assess several cultural perceptions, including ideal culture, real culture, ethnocentricity and cultural relativism
- Evaluate the manifestation of stereotypes and ethnocentricity in communications
- Discuss ideas and theories related to the origins of prejudice
- Explain how stereotypes and prejudices are maintained by self-serving attributions
- Recognize examples of stereotype threats
- Describe the relationship between stereotypes and information processing
- Differentiate between ingroups and outgroups
- Understand the purpose and limitations of the contact hypothesis
- Identify and prevent racism in communications
1. Ethnocentricity: Definition & Examples
Ethnocentricity is the belief that your own cultural or ethnic group is superior to that of another. Learn more about ethnocentricity from examples. Then, test your knowledge with a quiz.
2. Perceptions of Culture: Ideal Culture and Real Culture, Ethnocentrism, & Culture Relativism
The way we perceive culture - both our own and that of others - is affected by many things. In this lesson, we define and discuss the difference between perceptions of ideal culture and real culture. We also examine ethnocentrism and compare it to the idea of culture relativism.
3. Prejudice, Discrimination & Stereotypes: Definitions & Examples
There are many different types of people in the world. What happens when one person thinks or feels a certain way about an entire group of people? Watch this lesson to find out about stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination.
4. Prejudice: Theories and Ideas on Origins
Why do some people dislike entire groups of people? What causes prejudice? In this lesson, we'll look at some of the theories about what makes people prejudiced, including scapegoat theory, authoritarian personality, and culture theory.
5. How Self-Serving Attributions Maintain Stereotypes & Prejudice
Attributions are the reasons that we give for why a particular outcome occurred. What do they have to do with stereotypes and prejudice? This lesson answers that question, as well as explains different types of attributions.
6. Stereotype Threat: Definition & Examples
What happens when someone is put in a situation where they might prove a stereotype correct? In this lesson, we'll review what stereotype threat is, what effects it can have on performance, and how to reduce it.
7. Stereotypes and Automatic & Controlled Information Processing
People process information in many different ways. In this lesson, we'll explore two ways of processing information, automatic and controlled, and how they relate to stereotypes and prejudice.
8. Ingroup vs. Outgroup: Definition and Explanation
How do the groups we belong to influence the stereotypes we hold? In this lesson, we'll examine ingroups and outgroups and their effects on stereotypes.
9. Contact Hypothesis: Definition, Limitations & Criteria for Successful Contact
For many years, social psychologists have studied ways to reduce prejudice. In this lesson, we will review the contact hypothesis on how to reduce prejudice, examine the famous Robbers Cave experiment, and see what types of contact work best in the fight against prejudice.
10. Xenophobia: Definition & Examples
In present day we hear a lot about people being xenophobic, but what exactly does that mean? This lesson will discuss xenophobia, its symptoms, and some examples.
11. What Is Discrimination? - Definition & Examples
Discrimination is the act of treating someone differently or unjustly based upon some characteristic. Learn about legal and illegal discrimination, federal laws that protect us from being discriminated against, and more.
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Other chapters within the Communications 301: Diversity and Intercultural Communication course
- Communication as a Process
- Understanding Culture
- The Influence of Culture on Communication
- Cultural Differences in Nonverbal Communication
- The Impact of Cultural Conflict on Communications
- Sexism, Gender Roles & Communication
- Intercultural Communication in the Workplace
- Culture & Communication at School
- Culture & Communication in Healthcare
- Developing Competence in Intercultural Communication