About This Chapter
Europe and the Age of Exploration - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
The Age of Exploration was a busy time in world history as explorers from Spain and Portugal discovered the Americas and began forming settlements and colonies. Gunpowder was introduced to the New World and piracy became a real issue due to the growth in seaborne commerce. All of these topics and more will be covered in the engaging and fun lessons that make up this chapter. Professional instructors lead each lesson and teach you fundamental knowledge about Europe and the Age of Exploration, including lessons on:
- Reasons Europeans sailed to the New World
- Effects of the Encomienda System
- Importance of the market economy in Europe
- Changes in international trade
|The Old World and New World: Why Europeans Sailed to the Americas||Discover the religious and economic reasons that Europeans were anxious to explore the Americas.|
|History of Gunpowder and its Effects on the New World||Describe how gunpowder was used by the Europeans to destroy the natives who lived in the New World.|
|Great Explorers of Spain and Portugal: Aims & Discoveries||Identify Spanish and Portuguese explorers and their motivations for exploring the Americas.|
|Mapping the World, Seaborne Commerce & Piracy||Learn about cartographers of the period and the rise of seaborne commerce. Examine acts of piracy during this period and describe some well-known pirates.|
|Conquistadors and Encomienda System: Definition & Savaging of the New World||Delve into actions of well-known Spanish conquistadors and analyze the effects of the Encomienda System on natives of the Americas.|
|Las Casas, Valladolid Debate & Converting the New World||Detail the efforts made by Las Casas to help native inhabitants of the Americas. Highlight the importance of the Valladolid Debate.|
|The Columbian Exchange||Define this term and its association with Christopher Columbus and describe its importance.|
|The Market Economy in 17th-Century Europe||Outline the elements of a market economy and explain its significance in Europe in the 17th century.|
|How International Trade Changed During the Age of Exploration||Discuss the influence of cartographers and explorers on international trade. Describe the changes that took place during the years of European exploration in the Americas.|
1. The Old World and New World: Why Europeans Sailed to the Americas
This lesson will focus on the Age of Exploration. It will explain the main reasons why Europeans explored the New World. It will highlight their spirit of adventure, the religious desire to see natives converted, and the chance to acquire wealth.
2. History of Gunpowder and its Effects on the New World
This lesson will discuss the history of gun powder and its effect on the New World. It will highlight the development of firearms, as well as the Europeans who used gunpowder to ravage the Americas.
3. Great Explorers of Spain and Portugal: Aims & Discoveries
This lesson will focus on the New World explorations of Spain and Portugal. It will list explorers from both of these countries while also highlighting the motivations behind European exploration.
4. Mapping the World, Seaborne Commerce & Piracy
This lesson will focus on the improvement of maps, the growth of seaborne commerce, and the piracy that occurred during the Age of Exploration. It will also highlight the famous Sea Dogs of England.
5. Conquistadors and Encomienda System: Definition & Savaging of the New World
This lesson will discuss the conquistadors of the New World. It will highlight Hernan Cortes and Francisco Pizarro. It will also explain the encomienda system and its impact on the native populations.
6. Las Casas, Valladolid Debate & Converting the New World
This lesson will focus on Las Casas, a Spanish priest who fought for the rights of the native inhabitants of the Americas. It will also highlight the New Laws of 1542 as well as the Valladolid debates.
7. The Columbian Exchange
The Columbian Exchange is a term used to denote the world-changing exchange of agricultural goods, slave labor, diseases, and ideas between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres that occurred after the year 1492 CE.
8. The Market Economy in 17th Century Europe
In this lesson, we will explore the role of market economics in 17th century Europe. We will see how early capitalism impacted European society during the 17th century.
9. How International Trade Changed in the Age of Exploration
In this lesson, we will explore the role of international trade during the Age of Exploration. Specifically, we will learn how the discovery of the New World impacted international trade patterns.
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Other chapters within the World History: Middle School course
- Paleolithic Era to the Agricultural Revolution
- Civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt & Kush
- The Ancient Hebrews
- Ancient Greek Civilization
- Early Civilization in India
- Early Civilization in China
- The Roman Republic
- The Roman Empire and Cultural Legacies
- The Byzantine Empire
- Islamic Civilizations in the Middle Ages
- Middle & Late Imperial China
- Africa (500-1800 CE)
- Feudal Japan
- Medieval Europe
- Meso-American & Andean Civilizations
- Renaissance Europe
- The Reformation in Europe
- The Scientific Revolution
- The Enlightenment