About This Chapter
Europe, Asia, the Middle East & Africa Post-War - Chapter Summary
This chapter offers a comprehensive overview of the events that occurred in countries from Europe to Africa following World War II and the Cold War. Learn about how NATO was born, how the Soviets dominated Eastern Europe, decolonization and nationalism that occurred in Indonesia, Israel, India, Pakistan and other countries and more. Lessons are accessible from any computer, tablet or smartphone and can be reviewed in any sequence you desire. Short lesson quizzes can help you gauge your understanding of this subject matter. Once you've completed this chapter, you will have a good grasp of the following:
- What the Berlin Airlift and Marshall Plan were
- Why tensions developed between the U.S. and the Soviets
- What events occurred in Poland, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Great Britain, France, Italy, Germany and Japan following the war
- Which institutions and treaties impacted post-Cold War European cooperation
- How Korea was divided into two countries
- How the building and tearing down of the Berlin Wall occurred
- Why East and West Germany reunified in 1990
- How Communism ended in Eastern Europe, and Gorbachev's Glasnost and Perestroika policies
- Why ethnic warfare occurred in former Yugoslavia
- What caused the Vietnam War, and what was George H.W. Bush's foreign policy
- Why created conflict between Muslims and Hindus in India
- How the Cuban Revolution started and changes occurred in Africa followed World War II
- What were the politics and economic state of the People's Republic of China
1. Post-War Europe: the Berlin Airlift & the Marshall Plan
In this lesson, we will learn about the Marshall Plan and the Berlin Airlift. We will examine the conditions in postwar Europe that resulted in these events, and we will understand why they are important.
2. Tension Between the US and the Soviets: Wars, Confrontations & the Cold War
In this lesson, we explore the causes and factors that led to increased tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union after WWII, and to the incidents that almost led to all out war.
3. The Theory of Containment & the Birth of NATO
In this lesson, we explore the foreign policy of the U.S. and Western Europe directly after WWII. We will look at its theory of containment regarding communism, and the birth of NATO.
4. Soviet Domination of Eastern Europe
In this lesson, we explore the post-World War II settlement of Eastern Europe, and the subsequent Soviet domination of governments in Eastern Europe, as well as the creation of the Warsaw Pact.
5. Post-war Poland: Soviet Occupation, Social Unrest & Economic Depression
In this lesson, we explore the history of Poland after WWII, from its occupation by the Soviet Union and subsequent Soviet influence upon Polish government to the Solidarity movement and Lech Walesa.
6. Post-war Czechoslovakia: Politics, Economy & Soviet Influence
In this lesson, we explore the history and politics of Czechoslovakia from World War II until the country's eventual dissolution only a few short years after the fall of communism and the removal of Soviet influence.
7. Post-war Yugoslavia: New Name, Government & Republics
In this lesson, we explore the rise of communism in Yugoslavia after the expulsion of the German invaders after WWII. We'll then look at its subsequent problems with ethnic violence and its eventual dissolution in the 1990s.
8. Decolonization and Nationalism in Indonesia, Vietnam, India & Pakistan
In this lesson, we explore the nature of nationalism in the colonial world and its various manifestations in South and Southeast Asia during the second half of the 20th century.
9. Decolonization and Nationalism in Israel, Egypt, Africa & Algeria
In this lesson, we explore the concepts of nationalism and national self-determination and how they affected the decolonization of the Middle East and Africa in the second half of the 20th century.
10. Post-Cold War European Cooperation: Institutions & Treaties
In this lesson, we explore the increasing cooperation between European states during the Cold War years and beyond, from a six-nation agreement concerning coal and steel to a far-reaching agreement binding most of Europe.
11. European Union Expansion: Events & Timelines
In this lesson, we briefly explore the piecemeal formation of the EU and discuss the nature of the Union today and its role as the political authority for most of Europe.
12. Post-war Great Britain: Reforms, Industry & Economy
In this lesson, we explore the political developments in Great Britain after World War II and the development of the British welfare state under the direction of the Labour Party and Clement Attlee.
13. Post-war France: Politics, Economy & Rebuilding
In this lesson, we explore the rebuilding of the entirety of French society in the decades after World War II, from the economic recovery aided greatly by the United States to the changes in the structure of French government.
14. Post-war Italy: New Republic and Social & Economic Rebuilding
In this lesson we explore the post-WWII rebuilding of the Italian economy, the restructuring of its fundamental political structures, and its close partnership with the U.S. in the Cold War world.
15. Post-war Germany: Politics, Developments & Partitioning
In this lesson, we explore Germany after the end of World War II, from its partitioning due to its part on the front line of the Cold War to its eventual reunification in 1990.
16. Building and Tearing Down the Berlin Wall: History and Timeline
In this lesson, we explore the history of the Berlin Wall, from its beginnings as a makeshift barrier between East and West Berlin, to its final demise as communism fell across Eastern Europe in the late 1980s.
17. The Reunification of East and West Germany in 1990
In this lesson we explore the unique history of East and West Germany after Germany's defeat in WWII and the conditions surrounding its eventual reunification in 1990.
18. The End of Communism in Eastern Europe: Events and Timeline
In this lesson, we explore the immediate aftermath of the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the fall of communism in Eastern Europe, where both political structures and economic models were left in limbo.
19. Gorbachev's Policies of Glasnost and Perestroika: Explanation and Significance
In this lesson, we will examine Mikhail Gorbachev's reform policies of glasnost and perestroika. We will learn what led to these developments and see how they impacted the Soviet Union.
20. Yeltsin and the New Russian Republic: History and Timeline
In this lesson, we explore the fall of the Soviet Union and the reemergence of Russia and the subsequent presidency of Russia's first president, Boris Yeltsin.
21. Ethnic Warfare in Former Yugoslavia: Events and Timeline
In this lesson we explore the breakup of the formerly communist state in the Balkans, Yugoslavia. In the 1990s, several Yugoslav states declared independence from the Serbian-dominated central government.
22. The Vietnam War: Causes, Conflicts & Effects
The Vietnam War was the longest and most polarizing conflict in the history of the United States. Learn about the causes of the war as well as its effects on the United States.
23. President George H.W. Bush: Foreign Policy
President George H.W. Bush's foreign policy was a pragmatic blend of diplomacy and force. Learn more about Bush's international affairs during his tenure as President of the United States.
24. Muslim and Hindu Conflict in India and the Partition of India and Pakistan
In this lesson, we will learn about religious tensions in India and the partition of India and Pakistan following British rule. We will see what led to these developments, and we will explore their context.
25. Communism and the Cuban Revolution: Castro, the Bay of Pigs & the Cuban Missile Crisis
In this lesson, we will examine the relationship between communism and the country of Cuba. We will focus specifically on the Cuban Revolution, Fidel Castro's rise to power, the Bay of Pigs Invasion, and the Cuban Missile Crisis.
26. Post-War Asia: Korea's Partition & Reconstruction of Japan's Government
In this lesson, we will examine post-war Asia. We will specifically focus on the partition of Korea, and the occupation and reconstruction of Japan. We will understand why these events took place, and how their impact is felt to this day.
27. The People's Republic of China: Politics & Economy
The People's Republic of China was established in 1949. Since that time, the politics and economy of this country have shifted course several times, mainly due to the leaders of the country and their vastly different goals.
28. Changes in Africa After World War II
In this lesson, we will examine changes in Africa following World War II. We will discover what factors led to decolonization in the wake of World War II, and we will highlight the central themes surrounding African independence movements.
29. Post-WWII Japan: Democracy & Modernization
This lesson explores the actions of the International Allied Council for Japan after World War II. It highlights the Japanese constitution as well as the labor and land reforms enacted to modernize and democratize Japan.
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Other chapters within the World History: High School course
- Early World Civilizations
- Early Near East Civilizations
- Early Chinese Civilization
- Early Indian Civilization
- History of the Ancient Greeks
- History of The Roman Republic
- History of the Fall of Rome
- The Rise of Christianity
- Timeline of the Early Middle Ages
- The Medieval Warm Period
- Timeline of the High Middle Ages
- Eurasia and the Great Dynastic Empires
- The Late Middle Ages
- History of The European Renaissance
- The Reformation Across Europe
- The Age of Exploration
- The Enlightenment & World Revolutions
- World War I
- Between the World Wars
- World War II
- The Cold War
- Latin America Since 1900
- The 21st Century