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Ch 4: European Colonialism

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons to learn about the effects of European colonialism as well as the events that impacted European society during the 1500s and 1600s. Each lesson in the chapter is accompanied by a quiz so that you can gauge your comprehension of the material.

European Colonialism - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

It's pretty clear European colonialism had substantial impacts on the so-called New World; the fact that there is a United States in the continent of North America is evidence of that. Yet colonialism also had transformative effects back in the home countries of the explorers and colonists. This chapter focuses on the motives for European colonialism and the impact it had on the economy. You'll also examine some of the major conflicts and cultural achievements that characterized 16th-17th century Europe. The lessons cover topics such as:

  • What caused conflict between Christians and Turks
  • What elements characterize Baroque art and architecture
  • How Francis Bacon and Galileo impacted science
  • How England responded to conflict in Jamestown
  • What caused the English Civil War
  • How colonization contributed to the Commercial Revolution

VideoObjective
Holy Leagues: Christians vs. Turks by SeaLearn about the 16th-century Holy Leagues that sought to reduce Turkish control of the Mediterranean Sea.
The Long War: Christians vs. Turks by LandDiscover the cause of the Long War between the Habsburg Empire and Ottomans.
Colonialism Across EuropeExplore the motivations for European colonization in the New World.
Baroque Painting: Style, Characteristics & ArtistsTake a look at the major Baroque painters and their artistic styles.
Baroque Architecture: Style, Characteristics & FeaturesExamine the elements and characteristics that define Baroque architecture.
Baroque Sculpture: Characteristics & StyleStudy the themes and features of Baroque sculpture.
Francis Bacon: History, Ideas and LegacyFind out about Francis Bacon's scientific achievements and their impact on the field of science.
Cardinal Richelieu and his Influence on the WorldExamine how France's Cardinal Richelieu gained political power and learn about his battle with the Huguenots.
Galileo, the Telescope & the ChurchLearn about Galileo's achievements in astronomy and the Church's response.
Rene Descartes and the Union of Religion and PhilosophyTake a look at the life of Rene Descartes and the impact of his philosophy.
Jamestown: Conflict in the New WorldExplore England's response to the conflict between Jamestown's settlers and the Native Americans.
The Gunpowder Treason: England After Elizabeth IExamine the events that led English Catholics to plan the Gunpowder Treason.
The English Civil War and Failure of Charles' MonarchyFind out what caused the English Civil War and how it led to Charles I's execution.
The English Civil War and the Rise of Cromwell's TheocracySee how Oliver Cromwell came to power and the impact of his rule in England.
The Commercial Revolution: Economic Impact of Exploration and Colonization on EuropeLearn how European colonization and exploration helped launch the Commercial Revolution.

15 Lessons in Chapter 4: European Colonialism
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Holy Leagues: Christians vs. Turks by Sea

1. Holy Leagues: Christians vs. Turks by Sea

A Holy League is constituted of allied groups with ties to the Papacy (or another religious figure), and it is often used in Christian military campaigns. Examine the use of Holy Leagues under several popes throughout the Battle for the Mediterranean against the Turks, and evaluate the results of these crusades.

The Long War: Christians vs. Turks by Land

2. The Long War: Christians vs. Turks by Land

The Long War between the Habsburg Monarchy and the Turks of the Ottoman Empire occurred from 1591 to around 1606 and was made up of different conflicts. Learn more about the Habsburg Empire, the Christian Alliance of the Pope and several European powers against the Turks, and the locations of key battles during the Long War, which also is known as the 50 Years War.

Colonialism Across Europe

3. Colonialism Across Europe

In the 15th century, several European countries sought to develop communities and commercial activities beyond Europe. Learn about colonialism across Europe to understand how Europe expanded. Review the Columbian exchange, conquest, commerce, settlement, English expansion, and colonial control after 1650.

Baroque Painting: Style, Characteristics & Artists

4. Baroque Painting: Style, Characteristics & Artists

Baroque is a style of art that was a response to Renaissance artwork, and focuses heavily on light and background to add emphasis to its paintings, architecture and sculptures. Learn more about Baroque art, its origins and characteristics, and the famous artists who embraced this style.

Baroque Architecture: Style, Characteristics & Features

5. Baroque Architecture: Style, Characteristics & Features

Baroque architecture is renown for irregular design, using curves, symmetry, and optical illusions. Explore the themes, uses in Italian churches, and the impact on the Vatican, Louvre, and the palace at Versailles.

Baroque Sculpture: Characteristics & Style

6. Baroque Sculpture: Characteristics & Style

Baroque sculpture is distinct based on location, varying between Italy, France, Spain, Germany, and Belgium. Learn the variety of themes expressed through the Baroque style, and distinct characteristics seen through the sculptures in each country.

Francis Bacon: History, Ideas and Legacy

7. Francis Bacon: History, Ideas and Legacy

Sir Francis Bacon's legacy in the scientific community is due largely in part to his contributions in separating science from religious philosophy. Learn more about how Bacon's ideas on the scientific method contributed to the Scientific Revolution and changed the field forever.

Cardinal Richelieu and his Influence on the World

8. Cardinal Richelieu and his Influence on the World

Cardinal Richelieu was a politician in the 17th century and considered to be one of the greatest of his time. Discover Richelieu's influence on the world by delving into his life, career, and victory over the Huguenots.

Galileo, the Telescope & the Church

9. Galileo, the Telescope & the Church

In the early 1600s, Italian scientist Galileo used a telescope to explore the solar system. Learn about Galileo, his experiments and scientific process, his use of the telescope, and the conflict his actions created with the Church.

Rene Descartes and the Union of Religion and Philosophy

10. Rene Descartes and the Union of Religion and Philosophy

Rene Descartes' theoretical work on how knowledge comes from the mind, not from the senses, was seminal in shaping modern philosophy. Learn about Descartes' theory of perception and how its three arguments (deceiving God, evil demon, and dream) ultimately united religion and philosophy through science.

Jamestown: Conflict in the New World

11. Jamestown: Conflict in the New World

Jamestown, founded in an area that later became Virginia, was England's first permanent settlement in the Americas. Explore an overview of Jamestown and its settlers, including conflicts in the New World, England's involvement, and the 1622 Massacre.

The Gunpowder Treason: England After Elizabeth I

12. The Gunpowder Treason: England After Elizabeth I

The Gunpowder Treason was a plot devised by Catholics to kill King James I and major English politicians by blowing up Parliament by igniting barrels of gunpowder stashed in the basement. Explore how King Henry VIII's split from the church in Rome and Queen Elizabeth and King James' subsequent persecution of English Catholics inspired the hatching of the treasonist plot.

The English Civil War and Failure of Charles' Monarchy

13. The English Civil War and Failure of Charles' Monarchy

The English Civil War came as a result of Parliament's dissatisfaction with King Charles' monarchy. Learn about the Divine Right of Kings, explore Parliament's strikes against Charles on religion, money, and Parliament, and analyze the events surrounding the war and Charles' execution.

The English Civil War and the Rise of Cromwell's Theocracy

14. The English Civil War and the Rise of Cromwell's Theocracy

In the 1600s, Oliver Cromwell was a prominent figure in England's Civil War and in the theocracy established after the war ended. Learn about the English Civil War and the rise of Cromwell's theocracy, review an introduction to Cromwell, his role as Lord Protector, and some of the laws established under him, and explore the death of Cromwell to understand his influence and legacy in England.

The Commercial Revolution: Economic Impact of Exploration and Colonization on Europe

15. The Commercial Revolution: Economic Impact of Exploration and Colonization on Europe

Near the end of the Middle Ages, European commerce increased and helped spur the Industrial Revolution. Discover how mercantilism and the New World influenced the Commercial Revolution, and understand how the Commercial Revolution influenced banks, joint-stock companies, and inflation.

Chapter Practice Exam
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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