About This Chapter
European Colonialism - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
It's pretty clear European colonialism had substantial impacts on the so-called New World; the fact that there is a United States in the continent of North America is evidence of that. Yet colonialism also had transformative effects back in the home countries of the explorers and colonists. This chapter focuses on the motives for European colonialism and the impact it had on the economy. You'll also examine some of the major conflicts and cultural achievements that characterized 16th-17th century Europe. The lessons cover topics such as:
- What caused conflict between Christians and Turks
- What elements characterize Baroque art and architecture
- How Francis Bacon and Galileo impacted science
- How England responded to conflict in Jamestown
- What caused the English Civil War
- How colonization contributed to the Commercial Revolution
|Holy Leagues: Christians vs. Turks by Sea||Learn about the 16th-century Holy Leagues that sought to reduce Turkish control of the Mediterranean Sea.|
|The Long War: Christians vs. Turks by Land||Discover the cause of the Long War between the Habsburg Empire and Ottomans.|
|Colonialism Across Europe||Explore the motivations for European colonization in the New World.|
|Baroque Painting: Style, Characteristics & Artists||Take a look at the major Baroque painters and their artistic styles.|
|Baroque Architecture: Style, Characteristics & Features||Examine the elements and characteristics that define Baroque architecture.|
|Baroque Sculpture: Characteristics & Style||Study the themes and features of Baroque sculpture.|
|Francis Bacon: History, Ideas and Legacy||Find out about Francis Bacon's scientific achievements and their impact on the field of science.|
|Cardinal Richelieu and his Influence on the World||Examine how France's Cardinal Richelieu gained political power and learn about his battle with the Huguenots.|
|Galileo, the Telescope & the Church||Learn about Galileo's achievements in astronomy and the Church's response.|
|Rene Descartes and the Union of Religion and Philosophy||Take a look at the life of Rene Descartes and the impact of his philosophy.|
|Jamestown: Conflict in the New World||Explore England's response to the conflict between Jamestown's settlers and the Native Americans.|
|The Gunpowder Treason: England After Elizabeth I||Examine the events that led English Catholics to plan the Gunpowder Treason.|
|The English Civil War and Failure of Charles' Monarchy||Find out what caused the English Civil War and how it led to Charles I's execution.|
|The English Civil War and the Rise of Cromwell's Theocracy||See how Oliver Cromwell came to power and the impact of his rule in England.|
|The Commercial Revolution: Economic Impact of Exploration and Colonization on Europe||Learn how European colonization and exploration helped launch the Commercial Revolution.|
1. Holy Leagues: Christians vs. Turks by Sea
This lesson focuses on the formation of Holy Leagues and the battle between Christian and Turkish forces in the Mediterranean Sea during the Sixteenth Century.
2. The Long War: Christians vs. Turks by Land
The Long War was a battle between the Ottomans and the Habsburg Empire. This lesson covers who fought on each side as well as some of the important events of the conflict.
3. Colonialism Across Europe
In the late 1400s, European explorers learned how to cross the Atlantic Ocean. This lesson explores the impact of the colonization of the Americas by Europeans and the reasons they emigrated.
4. Baroque Painting: Style, Characteristics & Artists
This lesson covers the development of Baroque painting as it spread across Europe. We explore the works of Caravaggio in Italy, Velazquez in Spain, Rubens in Belgium, Lorrain in France and Rembrandt in Holland.
5. Baroque Architecture: Style, Characteristics & Features
This lesson explores the development of Baroque architecture. We begin in Italy by tracing the development of several Baroque themes, culminating in the Vatican itself. We then move to France, where these trends further developed, reaching their apex in Louis XIV's ambitious palace at Versailles.
6. Baroque Sculpture: Characteristics & Style
In this lesson, we explore the development of Baroque sculpture across Europe, from the creations of the Italian genius, Bernini, to France and the sculptural excellence of Puget's glorified King Louis XIV. We'll also stop in Germany, Spain and Belgium.
7. Francis Bacon: History, Ideas and Legacy
This lesson examines the contributions of Sir Francis Bacon to science. We take a long hard look at the scientific method, with special emphasis on experimental science. Then we briefly examine how Bacon sold science to the world.
8. Cardinal Richelieu and his Influence on the World
Cardinal Richelieu was a powerful man in secular matters. This lesson explores how he came to power and the battle with the Huguenots that dominated most of his career.
9. Galileo, the Telescope & the Church
This lesson explores the contributions of Galileo to modern science. It examines his early steps toward a scientific method, his work on falling bodies and, of course, his astronomical discoveries. Finally, the Church's reaction to these discoveries is explored.
10. Rene Descartes and the Union of Religion and Philosophy
This lesson explores the beliefs and works of Rene Descartes and how he explained the relationship between the mind and body as well as religion and science.
11. Jamestown: Conflict in the New World
This lesson focuses on the settlement of Jamestown and the conflicts that occurred between the native populations and the English settlers. While exploring this topic, it will highlight England's response to the troubles that plagued the settlement.
12. The Gunpowder Treason: England After Elizabeth I
This lesson will explain the Gunpowder Treason of England. As it uncovers the details of this assassination plot, it will explain the part Elizabeth I and the other Tudor monarchs played in creating the resentment that brought it to life.
13. The English Civil War and Failure of Charles' Monarchy
This lesson will explain the reign and execution of England's King Charles I. It will highlight the actions of Charles, along with his confrontations with Parliament, that led to the English Civil War.
14. The English Civil War and the Rise of Cromwell's Theocracy
This lesson will describe the events that led to the rise of Oliver Cromwell's theocracy. It will highlight the English Civil War, the execution of King Charles and the oppressive rule of Cromwell.
15. The Commercial Revolution: Economic Impact of Exploration and Colonization on Europe
In this lesson, we'll discuss the Commercial Revolution sparked by Europe's interaction with the New World colonies. We'll learn about how mercantilism, banking and joint-stock companies transformed the economic face of the European continent.
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Other chapters within the History 113: World History II course
- Europe's Age of Exploration
- The Protestant Reformation
- The Elizabethan Era in Europe
- Absolute Monarchs in Europe
- Empire and Expansion in the 18th Century
- The Asian World (1368-1911)
- The Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment
- The French Revolution and Napoleon Bonaparte
- Nationalist Revolutions Across the World
- Industrialization in the Western World
- European Life & Trends
- Imperialism in the 19th-20th Centuries
- Global Transformations in the Early 20th Century
- World War I: Battles & Diplomacy
- Revolution & Nationalism in Asia
- Crisis & Depression Between the World Wars
- World War II: European & Pacific Theaters
- Restructuring the World After World War II
- The Spread of Democracy Across the World
- Europe & the United States After 1945
- Latin America after 1945
- Africa & the Middle East After 1945
- Asia & the Pacific After 1945
- Contemporary Global Concerns