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Ch 2: European Colonization of the American Southwest

About This Chapter

Use this informative study guide chapter to get a rundown on the European settlers that initiated the colonization of the American Southwest. You'll review facts about their voyages and their experiences in this new region.

European Colonization of the American Southwest - Chapter Summary

The knowledgeable instructors featured in each of these lessons discuss some of the notable European explorers who traveled to what is now the American Southwest and began colonization. In addition to learning about these adventurers and their voyages, instructors will also review the effects of this colonization and compare this New World with the Old World. By the end of this chapter, you'll know more about:

  • The differences between explorers and conquistadors
  • Francisco Vasquez de Coronado and the timeline of his exploration
  • Alonso Alvarez de Pineda's route and voyage
  • The significance of Fray Damian Massanet and Antonio Margil de Jesus
  • The biographical facts of Father Miguel Hidalgo

After you carefully review the people and concepts in each lesson, utilize the brief multiple-choice quizzes to assess for retention. Once you complete those assessments, there is also a more comprehensive chapter exam available that will test your comprehension of various topics discussed throughout the chapter. Other study resources provided in this chapter include printable quiz worksheets and transcripts for video lessons, and access to expert instructors.

8 Lessons in Chapter 2: European Colonization of the American Southwest
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Effects of European Colonization: Christopher Columbus and Native Americans

1. Effects of European Colonization: Christopher Columbus and Native Americans

The earliest explorers in the Western Hemisphere left a legacy that would shape the development of the Americas permanently. No matter what they came looking for, Europeans left behind death, horses, and metal.

The Old World and New World: Why Europeans Sailed to the Americas

2. The Old World and New World: Why Europeans Sailed to the Americas

This lesson will focus on the Age of Exploration. It will explain the main reasons why Europeans explored the New World. It will highlight their spirit of adventure, the religious desire to see natives converted, and the chance to acquire wealth.

New Spain: Spanish Explorers and Spanish Colonies

3. New Spain: Spanish Explorers and Spanish Colonies

Who are the most well-known explorers and conquistadors of the New World? In this lesson, we'll look at some of the most infamous explorers. We'll discover the difference between explorers and conquistadors, and then learn about the encomienda system.

Francisco Vasquez de Coronado: Facts, Timeline & Route

4. Francisco Vasquez de Coronado: Facts, Timeline & Route

This lesson will focus on Francisco Vazquesz de Coronado y Lujan (1510 to 1554), an explorer and conquistador who dreamed of fame, fortune, and the seven cities of gold. Turning the seven cities into reality, however, proved a tough chore.

Alonso Alvarez de Pineda: Facts, Voyages & Route

5. Alonso Alvarez de Pineda: Facts, Voyages & Route

Alonzo Alvarez de Pineda was a 16th century Spanish explorer who mapped the Gulf of Mexico, setting out from Jamaica and ultimately establishing a settlement in Mexico.

Father Miguel Hidalgo: Biography, Facts & Quotes

6. Father Miguel Hidalgo: Biography, Facts & Quotes

In 1810, the Mexican people started a revolt that led to the independence of the territory known as New Spain. In this lesson, you will learn about the life of one of the men who led that movement; Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla.

Fray Damian Massanet: Biography & Significance

7. Fray Damian Massanet: Biography & Significance

Father Damian Massanet was a Spanish missionary to the Americas who was critical to both the spread of the Catholic faith and Spanish colonization in Mexico and Texas. In this lesson,you will learn about his life and legacy.

Antonio Margil de Jesus: Biography & Significance

8. Antonio Margil de Jesus: Biography & Significance

In this lesson, we explore the life and work of Antonio Margil de Jesus, a Spanish missionary and theologian. He is credited with founding numerous missions and colleges throughout Central America, Mexico, and Texas.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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