About This Chapter
European Discoveries & Wars - Chapter Summary
In these lessons, our instructors discuss several conflicts involving European powers, including the sea battles between the Christians and Turks and the English Civil War and the events leading up to it. You'll find out about colonialism, and see the economic impact of exploration and colonialism.
Other lessons examine Galileo's work with the telescope and how it brought him into conflict with the church. After watching all these lessons, you should be ready to:
- Discuss the Holy Leagues and their actions
- Explain the spread of European colonialism
- Describe Galileo's impasse with the church over his discoveries
- Examine conflict at the Jamestown colony
- Explore the English Civil War and its causes
- Tell about the Commercial Revolution
These lessons are informative and entertaining, and you can watch them as your schedule permits on a computer or mobile device. Short quizzes follow up on what you've learned, offering an opportunity to discover area where you're weak.
1. Holy Leagues: Christians vs. Turks by Sea
During the Sixteenth Century, a Christian Holy League fought Ottoman Turks in the Mediterranean Sea in one effort to regain control of the Holy Land. Learn about holy leagues, including how they formed and their role in holy crusades and wars.
2. Colonialism Across Europe
European exploration across the Atlantic Ocean paved the way for the colonization of the Americas. Explore colonialism across the European nations of Portugal, Spain, France, and England.
3. Galileo, the Telescope & the Church
Galileo is one of the fathers of the scientific method and made a number of other discoveries through the use of his telescope that put him in conflict with the Church. This lesson explores Galileo's legacy and the invention of the telescope.
4. Jamestown: Conflict in the New World
Disease, starvation, and warfare between natives and settlers plagued the Jamestown settlement and worsened through the introduction of military rule into the New World. Explore the causes of the conflict at Jamestown and England's response to it.
5. The Gunpowder Treason: England After Elizabeth I
In 1604, a group of disgruntled Catholic Englishmen formed a plan of rebellion against King James of England that became known as the Gunpowder Treason. Explore how religious tensions and the persecution of Catholics led to the plot against the king and learn the fates of the conspirators.
6. The English Civil War and Failure of Charles' Monarchy
This lesson highlights the relevant events in the life of King Charles I that lead up to his execution. Learn about how and why he was convicted of high treason and beheaded by his people.
7. The English Civil War and the Rise of Cromwell's Theocracy
Oliver Cromwell ruled as Lord Protector and changed England from a monarchy to a theocracy and would be hated for his persecution of Irish Catholics. Learn about the rise of Cromwell's theocracy and the history of the English Civil War.
8. The Commercial Revolution: Economic Impact of Exploration and Colonization on Europe
Near the end of the Middle Ages, European commerce increased and helped spur the Industrial Revolution. Discover how mercantilism and the New World influenced the Commercial Revolution, and understand how the Commercial Revolution influenced banks, joint-stock companies, and inflation.
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Other chapters within the AP European History: Help and Review course
- AP European History - Overview of the Renaissance: Help and Review
- AP European History - Renaissance Philosophy: Help & Review
- AP European History - Reformation Roots & Teachings: Help and Review
- AP History - The Reformation Across Europe: Help & Review
- AP European History - Wars of Religion: Help and Review
- AP European History - The Age of Expansion: Help and Review
- How Monarchical Nation States Developed: Help and Review
- AP European History - English History (1450-1700): Help and Review
- AP History - Scientific Revolution & Enlightenment: Help & Review
- AP European History - 18th Century Powers: Help and Review
- AP European History - The French Revolution: Help and Review
- AP European History - The Napoleonic Empire: Help and Review
- AP European History - Western Revolutionary Movements of the 19th Century: Help and Review
- AP European History - Central Revolutionary Movements of the 19th Century: Help and Review
- AP European History - First Industrial Revolution: Help & Review
- AP European History - Second Industrial Revolution: Help & Review
- Nation States Unification in the 19th Century: Help & Review
- AP European History - Europe 1871-1914: Help and Review
- AP European History - World War I: Help and Review
- AP European History - Russia After World War I: Help and Review
- AP European History - The 1920s & 1930s: Help and Review
- AP European History - The Rise of Fascism: Help and Review
- AP European History - World War II: Help and Review
- AP European History - Post-war Europe: Help and Review
- AP European History - Cold War Europe: Help and Review
- AP European History - After the Soviet Union: Help & Review
- Portions of the AP European History Exam: Help and Review
- Help & Review for Writing a Good Essay on the AP European History Exam
- AP European History Exam Essay: Help & Review
- The Reformation of the Catholic Church
- Events & Major Figures of the Renaissance