About This Chapter
European Government, Political Processes, and Institutions - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Through this series of video lessons, you'll get a broad overview of how European governments are structured and how they operate. This course covers several types of government, from individual nations' constitutional monarchies to the unified European Parliament. Citizenship, voting rights and special interest groups are also discussed, along with their influences on European Union (EU) government and political processes. At the end of this chapter, you should be able to:
- Identify and describe common systems of government among EU states
- Discuss the election process for European Parliament members
- Name common citizenship rights extended by EU members
- Discuss voter participation and what affects it, positively and negatively
|EU Treaties: Purpose and Major Treaties||Explain the objective of treaties signed by the EU in general, and major treaties in particular, such as the Treaty of Lisbon.|
|The History and Structure of the Parliamentary System of Government||Define and discuss the parliamentary system as it's been established in the EU.|
|Federalism System of Government in Europe||Define and discuss federalism, including a comparison of EU federalism vs. American federalism.|
|Constitutional Monarchies and Republics in Europe||Define constitutional monarchy and republic using real-world European examples.|
|European Bureaucracy: Definition and Presence in European Governments||Define bureaucracy and discuss its presence in European government.|
|Elections and Apportionment to the European Parliament||Explain member states' processes of electing and apportioning members to the European Parliament.|
|Cleavage: Dividing Voters Into Voting Blocs||Describe the political science concept of cleavage as it applies to voters, and identify examples from the EU.|
|Power and Influence of Interest Groups in the European Union||Define the term 'interest group' and discuss EU examples.|
|Citizenship Rights of Europeans||Identify the citizenship rights granted to Europeans and explain what they are.|
|Political Participation and EU Citizenship: Influences, Voter Turnout & Voting Benefits||Identify factors that influence voter participation among EU citizens; compare behavior of voters in the EU to that of voters in other democracies.|
1. EU Treaties: Purpose and Major Treaties
In this lesson, we explore the numerous treaties which have been signed since World War II that have aided in the construction of the European Union as we know it today.
2. The History and Structure of the Parliamentary System of Government
In this lesson, we explore the parliamentary system of government and several of the European nations that employ the system, as well as the European Parliament and its constraints.
3. Federalism System of Government in Europe
In this lesson, we explore the federalist system of government, the growth of pan-European federalism, and how it compares to the federalism that exists in the United States.
4. Constitutional Monarchies and Republics in Europe
In this lesson, we explore two governmental systems prevalent in Europe: constitutional monarchies and republics. We will discuss the differences between the two and examine an example of each type.
5. European Bureaucracy: Definition and Presence in European Governments
In this lesson, we explore what a bureaucracy is today, including its idealized version and the problems it often encounters. In addition, we explore the nature of EU bureaucracy.
6. Elections and Apportionment to the European Parliament
In this lesson, we explore the election process to the European Parliament and the requirements placed on European Union nations to honor citizens' voting rights while at the same time honoring national differences.
7. Cleavage: Dividing Voters Into Voting Blocs
In this lesson, we explore the political science concept of cleavage, or dividing voters up into voting blocs by considering their social, moral, and economic beliefs, as well as their political ideologies.
8. Power and Influence of Interest Groups in the European Union
In this lesson, we discover the definition of an interest group and explore the evolution and nature of interest groups in Europe around the European Union.
9. Citizenship Rights of Europeans
In this lesson, we briefly explore the evolution of the European Union (EU) and the notion of EU citizenship, then discover exactly who is an EU citizen and the rights EU citizens enjoy.
10. Political Participation and EU Citizenship: Influences, Voter Turnout & Voting Benefits
In this lesson, we explore the factors that affect voter turnout and political participation in democratic governments and, specifically, the history of political participation in the EU.
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Other chapters within the Western Europe Since 1945 course
- Review of World War II
- The Cold War in Western & Eastern Europe
- The End of the Cold War
- National Developments in the Postwar Period
- The History of the European Union
- The Institutions of The European Union (EU)
- European Political Parties
- European Issues and Policies
- Government of the United Kingdom
- Government of France
- Government of Spain
- Government of Germany
- Government of Italy