About This Chapter
European Life and Trends (1850-1914) - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
In this chapter, our instructors will introduce you to life in Europe around the turn of the 20th century. Watch the video lessons to explore connections between technological developments and Europe's shifting demographics, or use them to examine the impact of industry and urbanization on philosophical thought and politics. This chapter is designed to teach you the following:
- 19th and 20th century technological and economic changes
- Political characteristics of England, Germany and France
- Birth of religious, artistic and philosophical movements of the period
|Advancements in Western Civilization at the End of the 19th Century: Examples & Impact||Explores advancements in Western civilization, such as rising standards of living, productivity and life expectancy, as well as demographic trends like urbanization and migration from Europe.|
|The Second Industrial Revolution: Timeline & Inventions||Examines technological developments during the second wave of industrialization, including electricity and the internal combustion engine.|
|The 19th Century World Economy: Major Changes & Their Impact||Discusses the emerging global economy and the economic changes brought about by the second industrial revolution. Explains free trade and the rise of large corporations.|
|Politics of the Third French Republic, Victorian England & the Second Reich||Outlines the politics of the Third French Republic, Victorian England and the Second Reich of Germany, in addition to the growing acceptance of socialism in various forms.|
|Science, Art, Religion & Philosophy in the Mid to Late 1800s & Early 1900s||Describes how scientific developments in physics and biology affected philosophy, art and religion. Explores movements including realism, agnosticism, fundamentalism and Zionism.|
1. Advancements in Western Civilization at the End of the 19th Century: Examples & Impact
The end of the 19th century was a time when the workers of Europe had more money to spend and more time to engage in leisure activities. In this lesson, learn about changes in leisure activities, health, education, and women's rights.
2. The Second Industrial Revolution: Timeline & Inventions
The Second Industrial Revolution was another great leap forward in technology and society. New innovations in steel production, petroleum and electricity led to the introduction of public automobiles and airplanes. In this lesson, learn about the key inventions that spurred this revolution.
3. The 19th Century World Economy: Major Changes & Their Impact
During the late 19th century, changes in industrial production, trade, and imperialism led to a world economy. In this lesson, learn about the important factors that contributed to this system.
4. Politics of the Third French Republic, Victorian England & the Second Reich
The middle of the 19th century witnessed several political changes on the European scene. Many of these dramatic shifts centered on the states of France, Germany, and England. In this lesson, learn about the shifting political powers and changing governments of Europe during this time.
5. Science, Art, Religion & Philosophy in the Mid to Late 1800s & Early 1900s
The end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century was a period of advances in scientific discovery, philosophy, religion, and artistic expression. In this lesson, learn about the influential ideas, individuals, and movements of the time.
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Other chapters within the History 102: Western Civilization II course
- Introduction to Western Civilization II
- Absolutism and Constitutionalism in Western Europe (1648-1715)
- Power Shifts in Eastern Europe (1648-1740)
- Empire and Expansion in the 18th Century (1700-1799)
- The Scientific Revolution & the Enlightenment (1500-1790)
- The French Revolution and Napoleon Bonaparte (1780-1815)
- Industrialization (1700-1900)
- Political Developments (1760-1848)
- The Age of Nationalism (1850-1914)
- Imperialism in the 19th and 20th Centuries
- World War I (1914-1919)
- Between the World Wars (1919-1939)
- World War II (1939-1945)
- Western Civilization Since 1945
- Studying for History 102