About This Chapter
European Life & Trends - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
The state of Europe during and directly after the Victorian era: that's the primary focus of the lessons in this chapter. The last half of the 1800s through the early years of the 20th century was a period of tremendous political, economic, cultural and intellectual change. In this chapter, you'll learn about the Second Industrial Revolution, the impact of imperialism and accomplishments in science and the arts. By studying the lessons, you'll get details on topics such as:
- What inventions contributed to the Second Industrial Revolution
- What factors impacted the global economy during the 1800s
- How political changes affected England, France and Germany
- How philosophies, artistic movements and scientific discoveries affected Europe in the late 19th century to early 20th century
- What led Britain to allow certain colonies to self-rule
|Advancements in Western Civilization at the End of the 19th Century: Examples & Impact||Explore how advancements during the late 1800s affected life expectancy, productivity and standards of living.|
|The Second Industrial Revolution: Timeline & Inventions||See how the internal combustion engine, electricity and other technologies led to the Second Industrial Revolution.|
|The 19th Century World Economy: Major Changes & Their Impact||Learn how the Second Industrial Revolution and free trade helped shape the global economy during the 1800s.|
|Politics of the Third French Republic, Victorian England & the Second Reich||See how political conflicts and power shifts impacted France, England and Germany during the mid- to late 1800s.|
|Science, Art, Religion & Philosophy in the Mid to Late 1800s & Early 1900s||Examine how scientific developments like the theory of evolution impacted philosophy, religion and art.|
|Britain Allows Colonies to Self-Rule (1857-1922)||Get details on the introduction of self-rule in British colonies such as Australia and Canada.|
1. Advancements in Western Civilization at the End of the 19th Century: Examples & Impact
The end of the 19th century was a time when the workers of Europe had more money to spend and more time to engage in leisure activities. In this lesson, learn about changes in leisure activities, health, education, and women's rights.
2. The Second Industrial Revolution: Timeline & Inventions
The Second Industrial Revolution was another great leap forward in technology and society. New innovations in steel production, petroleum and electricity led to the introduction of public automobiles and airplanes. In this lesson, learn about the key inventions that spurred this revolution.
3. The 19th Century World Economy: Major Changes & Their Impact
During the late 19th century, changes in industrial production, trade, and imperialism led to a world economy. In this lesson, learn about the important factors that contributed to this system.
4. Politics of the Third French Republic, Victorian England & the Second Reich
The middle of the 19th century witnessed several political changes on the European scene. Many of these dramatic shifts centered on the states of France, Germany, and England. In this lesson, learn about the shifting political powers and changing governments of Europe during this time.
5. Science, Art, Religion & Philosophy in the Mid to Late 1800s & Early 1900s
The end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century was a period of advances in scientific discovery, philosophy, religion, and artistic expression. In this lesson, learn about the influential ideas, individuals, and movements of the time.
6. Britain Allows Colonies to Self-Rule (1857-1922)
After the British lost the American colonies forever in the revolution, they worked to avoid the same mistake by giving their remaining colonies greater freedom. However, it didn't always work out that way - especially closer to home.
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Other chapters within the History 113: World History II course
- Europe's Age of Exploration
- The Protestant Reformation
- The Elizabethan Era in Europe
- European Colonialism
- Absolute Monarchs in Europe
- Empire and Expansion in the 18th Century
- The Asian World (1368-1911)
- The Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment
- The French Revolution and Napoleon Bonaparte
- Nationalist Revolutions Across the World
- Industrialization in the Western World
- Imperialism in the 19th-20th Centuries
- Global Transformations in the Early 20th Century
- World War I: Battles & Diplomacy
- Revolution & Nationalism in Asia
- Crisis & Depression Between the World Wars
- World War II: European & Pacific Theaters
- Restructuring the World After World War II
- The Spread of Democracy Across the World
- Europe & the United States After 1945
- Latin America after 1945
- Africa & the Middle East After 1945
- Asia & the Pacific After 1945
- Contemporary Global Concerns