About This Chapter
Evaluating Arguments and Reasoning - Chapter Summary
This chapter on evaluating arguments and reasoning can teach you to determine whether facts and ideas are relevant to a text and to identify appeals to popularity or emotion. Our video lessons can also teach you to recognize statements that strengthen or weaken arguments. Other lessons in this chapter address the following objectives:
- Evaluating the reasoning in a written passage
- Recognizing underlying assumptions
- Examining relationships between specific and general ideas
- Deciding if ideas or information are relevant
- Identifying logical fallacies that appeal to emotion, popularity or ignorance
This chapter is taught by experienced educators, including those who hold advanced degrees and have experience teaching writing courses at the college and professional levels. Most of the videos in this chapter are only around five minutes in length, and they're presented in a manner that makes learning fun. If you have trouble absorbing information that's presented in a video format, you can use the written transcripts that accompany each video.
1. Evaluating Reasoning in an Essay or Article
Being able to effectively evaluate reasoning can be helpful to you as you develop your own deductive and inductive reasoning skills and put those skills to work in persuasive essays. This lesson sheds some light on how to evaluate reasoning.
2. Identifying an Author's Underlying Assumptions
Whenever a writer puts pen to paper, chances are that he or she is making a number of assumptions about the reader. This lesson focuses on some of those assumptions and how to identify them.
3. How to Recognize Statements that Strengthen or Weaken Arguments
In this lesson, we will learn how to recognize statements that strengthen or weaken arguments. We will pay special attention to identifying strong and weak claims, reasons, and evidence.
4. How to Identify Relationships Between General & Specific Ideas
In this lesson, we will learn how to tell the difference between general and specific ideas. We will also explore the relationships between these ideas and practice identifying the ideas and their relationships.
5. Logical Fallacies: Appeals to Ignorance, Emotion or Popularity
Watch this video lesson to see examples of the logical fallacies of appeals to ignorance, emotion, and popularity. You will also see how to identify them.
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Other chapters within the Praxis English Language Arts - Content Knowledge (5038): Practice & Study Guide course
- Prominent Authors & Major Works
- Historical, Cultural & Critical Contexts of Literature
- Literary Genres & Forms
- Reading Strategies & Literary Analysis
- Interpreting Meaning in Literature
- Forms of Poetry
- Figurative Language in Literature
- Literary Themes & Main Ideas
- Technical Writing & Informational Texts
- Argument & Rhetorical Strategies
- Language and Word Choice
- Language Development & Acquisition
- Strategic Approaches to Reading Instruction
- Types of Essays
- Reading & Editing Essays
- Writing to a Specific Audience
- Essay Organization, Development & Presentation
- Grammar, Mechanics & Usage
- Types of Writing Sources & Citations
- Proofreading & Revising an Essay
- Methods for Writing Instruction
- Writing Assessment Tools & Strategies
- Strategies for Speech Organization
- Elements of Speech Delivery
- Strategies for Classroom Discussion
- Praxis English Language Arts: Content Knowledge Flashcards