About This Chapter
Evaluating Arguments and Reasoning - Chapter Summary
This chapter on evaluating arguments and reasoning can teach you to determine whether facts and ideas are relevant to a text and to identify appeals to popularity or emotion. Our video lessons can also teach you to recognize statements that strengthen or weaken arguments. By the end of this chapter you will be able to:
- Evaluate the reasoning in a written passage
- Recognize underlying assumptions the author makes
- Examine relationships between specific and general ideas
- Decide if ideas or information are relevant
- Identify logical fallacies that appeal to emotion, popularity or ignorance
This chapter is taught by experienced educators, including those who hold advanced degrees and have experience teaching writing courses at the college and professional levels. Most of the videos in this chapter are only around five minutes in length, and they're presented in a manner that makes learning fun. If you have trouble absorbing information that's presented in a video format, you can use the written transcripts that accompany each video.
1. Evaluating Reasoning in an Essay or Article
Being able to effectively evaluate reasoning can be helpful to you as you develop your own deductive and inductive reasoning skills and put those skills to work in persuasive essays. This lesson sheds some light on how to evaluate reasoning.
2. Identifying an Author's Underlying Assumptions
Whenever a writer puts pen to paper, chances are that he or she is making a number of assumptions about the reader. This lesson focuses on some of those assumptions and how to identify them.
3. How to Recognize Statements that Strengthen or Weaken Arguments
In this lesson, we will learn how to recognize statements that strengthen or weaken arguments. We will pay special attention to identifying strong and weak claims, reasons, and evidence.
4. Understanding Fallacy: Common Fallacies
There are hundreds of logical fallacies. Some are mathematical and complex, and some are deep and philosophical. In this lesson, you will learn about some of the most common types of fallacies you will come across in public speaking.
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Other chapters within the Praxis English Language Arts - Content Knowledge (5038): Practice & Study Guide course
- Literary Theories & Research
- Literary Genres & Forms
- Periods of American Literature
- British Literature
- World Literature Overview
- Young Adult Literature Overview
- Literary Skills & Strategies
- Praxis English: Analyzing Literature
- Forms of Poetry
- Figurative Language in Literature
- Literary Themes & Main Ideas
- Technical Writing & Informational Texts
- Argument & Rhetorical Strategies
- Language and Word Choice
- Language Development & Acquisition
- Strategic Approaches to Reading Instruction
- Types of Essays
- Essay Organization, Development & Presentation
- Sentence Types, Parts & Structure
- Overview of English Grammar & Usage
- Capitalization & Punctuation in English
- Types of Writing Sources & Citations
- Methods for Writing Instruction
- Strategies for Speech Organization
- Elements of Speech Delivery
- Strategies for Classroom Discussion
- Differentiated Instruction Basics
- Language Arts Assessments
- Praxis English Language Arts: Content Knowledge Flashcards