About This Chapter
Standard: Delineate a speaker's argument and specific claims, evaluating the soundness of the reasoning and the relevance and sufficiency of the evidence. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.3)
About This Chapter
The lessons in this chapter help students become active listeners as they evaluate spoken word in real time. They will learn to evaluate consistency and reasoning within the content of a speech in order to judge appropriateness of sources for use in their own studies. These videos provide instruction on:
- Listening and thinking critically
- Employing active listening
- Listening for agreement/disagreement
- Evaluating reasoning: inductive/deductive and causal/analogical
Students with high competency in these areas will apply critical analysis to given source material by listening to determine the validity of the argument and whether it follows from the evidence provided. They will exhibit sound judgment of the content supported by specific points related to the material and what they know about the topic.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
These videos are particularly flexible lesson support tools: here are a few ideas on how you might introduce them in your classroom.
Watch the videos describing inductive vs. deductive and causal vs. analogical reasoning in class. Then watch a series of brief videos where a speaker is making a claim about something of public, medical, or scientific interest. Discuss each video as a class, identifying what type of reasoning the speaker used and whether the conclusion follows from the premises.
Can't we just agree on something?
Watch the video on listening for agreement and disagreement in class. As homework, have students watch a local or cable network news program which presents a panel discussion or interactive interview. Have the student take note of what points on which the speakers agree, whether they had valid reasons for (dis)agreeing, and if the student would themselves agree.
Causation or correlation
In a twist on the old true/false quiz staple, test your students' understanding of causal reasoning by presenting a list of statements from recent news which appear to make an argument based on a causal relationship between factors. Have students mark whether each item is indeed causal or perhaps only a correlation which may be accounted for by other causes. What other causes may explain the relationship?
1. Critical Listening & Thinking: Evaluating Others' Speeches
Critical listening skills go far beyond just hearing a speaker's message. They involve analyzing the information in a speech and making important decisions about truth, authenticity and relevance. Learn about critical listening and thinking skills in this lesson.
2. What Is Active Listening? - Techniques, Definition & Examples
Have you ever felt that you had been heard but not understood? If so, chances are that the person you were talking with was not actively listening.This lesson defines active listening and provides specific techniques that can be used.
3. Listening for Agreement & Disagreement
Listening for agreement and disagreement can be tough if English isn't your first language. Here are some tips and practice questions to help you make it work.
4. Evaluating Reasoning in an Essay or Article
Being able to effectively evaluate reasoning can be helpful to you as you develop your own deductive and inductive reasoning skills and put those skills to work in persuasive essays. This lesson sheds some light on how to evaluate reasoning.
5. The Differences Between Inductive and Deductive Reasoning
Inductive and deductive reasoning are often confused. This lesson introduces the concept of reasoning and gives you tips and tricks to keeping inductive and deductive reasoning straight.
6. Causal and Analogical Reasoning: Impact on Public Speaking
Causal and analogical reasoning are often confused and sometimes difficult to understand. In this lesson, you will learn the differences between the two types of reasoning and the way each of them is used in public speaking.
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Other chapters within the Common Core ELA Grade 7 - Speaking & Listening: Standards course
- Collaborative Discussions: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.1
- Preparation Through Research: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.1A
- Group Rules, Roles & Goals: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.1B
- Questioning & Elaborating : CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.1C
- Acknowledging Audience Information: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.1D
- Analyzing Main Ideas: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.2
- Presenting Knowledge & Ideas: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.4
- Using Multimedia & Visual Support: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.5
- Command of Language: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.6