About This Chapter
Evaluating Written Arguments - Chapter Summary
The short lessons in this chapter closely examine the basics of evaluating written arguments. Study logical fallacies, ways to analyze literary passages, the critical thinking process and more with help from our expert instructors. After completing this chapter, you will have the knowledge to:
- Describe the critical thinking process
- Analyze a literary passage
- Interpret and analyze an article
- Define, identify and avoid logical fallacies
- Recognize hasty generalizations, appeals to ignorance and other types of logical fallacies
- Compare and contrast elements of a passage
- Evaluate reasoning in an article or essay
- Determine when sources are reliable, credible and worthy
The lessons in this chapter are accessible around-the-clock and can be viewed using any smartphone, tablet or computer. Review any of the lessons that will help you better understand how to evaluate written arguments, and visit them as often as necessary. Each lesson is available as a short video or full transcript and features a multiple-choice quiz you can use to test your knowledge of its contents. Our practice exam enables you to gauge your knowledge of the entire chapter.
1. The Critical Thinking Process: Point-of-View, Assumptions, Evidence & Conclusions
In this lesson, you'll learn the steps involved in the critical thinking process. You'll consider how coming to a conclusion effectively involves multiple questions that get you thinking about a topic in a new way.
2. How to Analyze a Literary Passage: A Step-by-Step Guide
In this lesson, we will examine the steps involved in the basic analysis of literature. Then, using a well-known fable, we will go through each step of analysis: comprehension, interpreting and drawing conclusions.
3. Practice Analyzing and Interpreting an Article
When reading news articles, we often get caught up in the drama, but in order to analyze an article we need to look at it differently. In this lesson, we'll discuss exactly how to do that.
4. What are Logical Fallacies? - Define, Identify and Avoid Them
Logical fallacies are flaws in reasoning that can throw your argument off track and confuse your reader. This video explains how to identify a few common logical fallacies and how to steer clear of them.
5. Logical Fallacies: Hasty Generalization, Circular Reasoning, False Cause & Limited Choice
Watch this video lesson to see how you can identify cases where logic is not sound. Learn the characteristic traits of hasty generalization, circular reasoning, false cause, and limited choice.
6. Logical Fallacies: Appeals to Ignorance, Emotion or Popularity
Watch this video lesson to see examples of the logical fallacies of appeals to ignorance, emotion, and popularity. You will also see how to identify them.
7. How to Compare and Contrast Elements of a Passage
In this lesson, you'll learn how to compare and contrast when analyzing pieces of literature. You will also learn different strategies to assist in identifying key similarities and differences when applying compare and contrast.
8. Evaluating Reasoning in an Essay or Article
Being able to effectively evaluate reasoning can be helpful to you as you develop your own deductive and inductive reasoning skills and put those skills to work in persuasive essays. This lesson sheds some light on how to evaluate reasoning.
9. Evaluating Sources for Reliability, Credibility, and Worth
It's important to have information that is reliable, credible, and worthwhile in your speech. Sometimes, it's hard to determine these factors. This lesson will help you!
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Other chapters within the WEST-B Reading, Writing & Mathematics: Practice & Study Guide course
- Finding the Main Idea of Reading Passages
- Understanding Reading Selections
- Point of View, Tone & Meaning
- Figurative Language & Expressions
- Audience & Argument in Written Communication
- Organizing an Essay
- Essay Revision Strategies
- Parts of Speech & Writing Conventions
- Grammar & Sentence Structure
- Working with Fractions & Mixed Numbers
- Decimals, Percents & Operations
- Measurement Concepts & Application
- Basic Geometry Overview
- Properties & Applications of Triangles in Geometry
- Measuring Closed Figures & 3D Shapes
- Probability, Statistics & Evaluating Data
- Sequences & Algebraic Expressions
- Linear Equation Basics
- Properties of Equality
- Logical Problem Solving in Mathematics
- WEST-B Reading, Writing & Mathematics Flashcards