Copyright

Ch 3: Events & Contributions of Early Civilizations

About This Chapter

Review key developments in early human history by watching this chapter's video lessons on such topics as the Neolithic agricultural revolution, the Great Flood and the tools of empire creation. Self-checking quizzes are also included to make sure you have a firm grasp of these topics.

Events & Contributions of Early Civilizations - Chapter Summary

Use this chapter's lessons to review the new opportunities brought about by the end of the last ice age and revisit the advantages that resulted from the domestication of plants and animals during the Neolithic agricultural revolution. You'll discover how these developments varied from one geographical region to the next before getting a brief overview of other significant historical events in this era of human history, including the population migrations caused by the Great Flood, the growth of hierarchical structures and the creation of cities.

Instructors also explain how the creation of bronze tools, the horse and chariot, roads and walls helped establish empires. The chapter concludes with a lesson comparing the nomadic pastoralism of the horse peoples with civilizations relying on settled agriculture. Topics of discussion include:

  • The last ice age
  • Neolithic era technologies
  • Plant and animal domestication
  • Development of social hierarchies
  • The Great Flood
  • Tools of empire creation
  • Nomadic pastoralism

This chapter is taught by experienced instructors who make it easy to retrace connections between the pastoral and agricultural developments of early humans and the evolution of villages, cities and empires. Access their instruction by watching the short videos, or read the transcripts if you'd prefer a written format. This chapter also includes multiple-choice quizzes that can help you determine how much of the material you're absorbing.

11 Lessons in Chapter 3: Events & Contributions of Early Civilizations
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Last Ice Age: Thawing Ice and New Human Opportunities

1. The Last Ice Age: Thawing Ice and New Human Opportunities

What is an ice age? How did the latest period of glaciation form our species? How has the abundance of this latest period of interglaciation changed our behavior? Watch this lesson to find out.

Neolithic Agricultural Revolution: Causes and Implications

2. Neolithic Agricultural Revolution: Causes and Implications

A long, long time ago, human beings roamed the earth looking for food. Then the agricultural revolution struck! What are the benefits of an agrarian society, and how have they shaped the way we live today?

Technologies of the Neolithic Era

3. Technologies of the Neolithic Era

In this lesson, we explore some of the technologies invented, innovated, and changed by Neolithic people as well as the way it improved their lives and lessened their workload.

Plant & Animal Domestication: Definition & Examples

4. Plant & Animal Domestication: Definition & Examples

In this lesson, you'll learn about the process of domestication of plants and animals, including why certain animals have never been domesticated. You'll also understand the difference between taming and domesticating.

Plant & Animal Domestication in Geography

5. Plant & Animal Domestication in Geography

This lesson discusses why plant and animal domestication holds such significance to human geographers. You'll also gain perspective on the length of time this practice has been a part of our history.

Development of Hierarchical Structures: Chiefs to Emperors in History

6. Development of Hierarchical Structures: Chiefs to Emperors in History

This lesson will explore society's need for hierarchies, as well as kinship as a basis of hierarchical structures. Various forms of hierarchy will be briefly explored and...spoiler alert...they all come back to kinship.

The Great Flood and Population Migrations

7. The Great Flood and Population Migrations

The Great Flood myth has been around for over eight millennia. Could it be more than a myth? What could have caused such a flood, and what effects has it had on humans?

Villages to Cities: How Cities Were Invented

8. Villages to Cities: How Cities Were Invented

In this video lesson, you'll meet Uruk, a lone farmer living in ancient Mesopotamia. As Uruk tries to become a successful farmer, he realizes the difficulties in sustaining a fruitful farm without the help of a community. Watch to understand how these difficulties contributed to the creation of villages and cities throughout history.

Walls, Roads & Bronze: Tools of Empire Creation

9. Walls, Roads & Bronze: Tools of Empire Creation

Learn some of the tools of the empire creation trade. In this video lesson, we'll explore the wall as a tough nut to be cracked, the strategic importance of roads and the advances made possible by bronze.

The Horse and Chariot: Tools of Empire Creation

10. The Horse and Chariot: Tools of Empire Creation

Horses were first used in warfare to pull chariots. Though horses were eventually ridden by cavalry, it was the chariot that first moved soldiers faster than man. In this lesson, you'll learn about the creation of the chariot, and its benefits during wartime.

Horse People and Nomadic Pastoralism: What is Civilization?

11. Horse People and Nomadic Pastoralism: What is Civilization?

This lecture examines the downsides and limits of settled agriculture and civilization. It then explores how 'civilized' forces are able to displace other systems. Horse people are introduced as a counterpoint to civilization and nomadic pastoralism as a successful alternative method of living. Finally it follows the conflict between nomadic pastoralists and settled agriculturalists throughout history.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Other Chapters

Other chapters within the AEPA History (NT302): Practice & Study Guide course

Support