Ch 9: Events & People in World History

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons, and learn about major events and historical figures dominating world history. Take a virtual tour of key periods in world history, including the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.

Events and People in World History - Chapter Summary

The following video lessons revisit major events in world history, starting with the Great Crusades all the way through the French Revolution. You'll learn about prominent figures like Martin Luther, King Henry VIII, Queen Elizabeth and Frances Bacon. The professional instructors that provide these lessons will show you what happened in the Middle Ages, why the Old World wanted to explore the New World and what major royal figures accomplished during their reigns. You'll also explore major battles and study colonialism and the Commercial Revolution. Specific lessons in this chapter cover the following topics and more:

  • Overview of the Middle Ages
  • The Renaissance Timeline: Events Overview
  • The Renaissance Economy: The Rise of Banking
  • The Northern Renaissance
  • The Old World and New World: Why Europeans Sailed to the Americas
  • The Spread of the Protestant Reformation Across Europe
  • The 80 Years War and the Spanish Armada
  • Colonialism Across Europe
  • The English Civil War and the Rise of Cromwell's Theocracy
  • The Commercial Revolution: Economic Impact of Exploration and Colonization on Europe

The videos in this chapter on events and people in world history take only a little time to watch, but they're chock full of information that's presented in an engaging manner. If you learn better by reading than watching, you can still benefit from these lessons, which each include a written transcript. Additionally, multiple-choice quizzes with each lesson allow you to test your knowledge of world history.

17 Lessons in Chapter 9: Events & People in World History
Major Events in the Middle Ages

1. Major Events in the Middle Ages

In this lesson we will learn about some of the major events of the Middle Ages. We will identify the central characteristics of this time period, and we will highlight major developments and trends.

The Great Crusades: History and Timeline

2. The Great Crusades: History and Timeline

This lesson examines the utter failure of the later crusades. We look at some of the factors that led to this failure. We then have a glimpse at each of the major crusades abroad, as well as the political and heretical crusades in Europe.

The Renaissance Timeline: Events Overview

3. The Renaissance Timeline: Events Overview

In this lesson, we will build an outline of the historical events which flow together to form the time periods of the Renaissance, Reformation, Age of Discovery, and the Elizabethan era.

The Renaissance Economy: The Rise of Banking

4. The Renaissance Economy: The Rise of Banking

In this lesson, we will discuss the rise of banking and the Renaissance economy. We will highlight the Medici family and the rise of the middle class.

The Northern Renaissance

5. The Northern Renaissance

This lesson will focus on the Northern Renaissance. It will contrast the Renaissance of the North with the Italian Renaissance, exploring these differences in the areas of art, politics, and religion.

The Old World and New World: Why Europeans Sailed to the Americas

6. The Old World and New World: Why Europeans Sailed to the Americas

This lesson will focus on the Age of Exploration. It will explain the main reasons why Europeans explored the New World. It will highlight their spirit of adventure, the religious desire to see natives converted, and the chance to acquire wealth.

Martin Luther, the 95 Theses and the Birth of the Protestant Reformation

7. Martin Luther, the 95 Theses and the Birth of the Protestant Reformation

This lesson covers the start of the Protestant Reformation. It begins by comparing the vast array and peacefulness of Christian denominations in modern days to the limited choices and violence of the past. Then it goes into the story of Martin Luther, from his 95 Theses through the Diet of Worms up to the beginning of the German Peasant Revolt.

The Spread of the Protestant Reformation Across Europe

8. The Spread of the Protestant Reformation Across Europe

In the 16th century, Martin Luther inspired people to believe that the Catholic Church shouldn't hold authority over laypeople. This lesson explores the spread of these Protestant ideas throughout Europe.

Henry VIII: The Anglican Church

9. Henry VIII: The Anglican Church

This lesson covers the various steps Henry VIII took in breaking away from the Roman Catholic Church. You'll learn how Henry managed to get what he wanted by going through legal means and playing off of others who also had problems with the Church.

The Six Wives of Henry VIII: Facts and History

10. The Six Wives of Henry VIII: Facts and History

There's an old rhyme to help you remember Henry VIII's wives: 'divorced, beheaded, died, divorced, beheaded, survived.' Follow along as this lesson covers King Henry VIII's quest to produce a male heir and the acts of succession that followed.

Queen Elizabeth I and England's Golden Age

11. Queen Elizabeth I and England's Golden Age

This lesson will focus on the reign of Queen Elizabeth I of England, known as England's Golden Age. It will highlight England's advancements in economic growth, the sciences, the arts, and exploration under the lone rule of Elizabeth, the Virgin Queen.

The 80 Years War and the Spanish Armada

12. The 80 Years War and the Spanish Armada

This lesson will explain the relationship between the 80 Years' War and the Spanish Armada. It will focus on the Netherlands' struggle for independence from Spain while also describing the role England played in the conflict.

Colonialism Across Europe

13. Colonialism Across Europe

In the late 1400s, European explorers learned how to cross the Atlantic Ocean. This lesson explores the impact of the colonization of the Americas by Europeans and the reasons they emigrated.

Francis Bacon: History, Ideas and Legacy

14. Francis Bacon: History, Ideas and Legacy

This lesson examines the contributions of Sir Francis Bacon to science. We take a long hard look at the scientific method, with special emphasis on experimental science. Then we briefly examine how Bacon sold science to the world.

The English Civil War and the Rise of Cromwell's Theocracy

15. The English Civil War and the Rise of Cromwell's Theocracy

This lesson will describe the events that led to the rise of Oliver Cromwell's theocracy. It will highlight the English Civil War, the execution of King Charles and the oppressive rule of Cromwell.

The Commercial Revolution: Economic Impact of Exploration and Colonization on Europe

16. The Commercial Revolution: Economic Impact of Exploration and Colonization on Europe

In this lesson, we'll discuss the Commercial Revolution sparked by Europe's interaction with the New World colonies. We'll learn about how mercantilism, banking and joint-stock companies transformed the economic face of the European continent.

Phases of the French Revolution: Overview & Events

17. Phases of the French Revolution: Overview & Events

This lesson will provide a brief overview of the primary phases, key events, and main characters of the French Revolution. We will also study the conditions and circumstances leading up to the Revolution.

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