About This Chapter
Evolution of Behaviorism - Chapter Summary
Behaviorism is one of the major fields of psychological study. The lessons in this chapter help you explore the development of behaviorism over time. Each one covers a different theory or major psychological researcher's work on this topic. You can easily test what you have studied with the interactive quizzes available with each lesson. Study the chapter whenever you find the time, with no fear of losing your place. Your progress will always be saved in your Dashboard, ready to start back up when you have time. These lessons will help you to:
- Identify the earliest behaviorist thinkers and purposive behaviorism
- Explain behaviorist methodology and the work of Clark Leonard Hull
- Discuss the development of the cognitive map
- Relate how intervening variables bridge the gap between dependent and independent variables
- Share information about B.F. Skinner's theories
- Discuss the roles of reinforcement and punishment in behaviorism
- Detail how latent learning has been used by researchers
- Explore uses for operant conditioning
- Analyze the social-cognitive theory of Albert Bandura
- Compare major developments in self-efficacy and locus of control research
1. Edward Chace Tolman & Purposive Behaviorism
This lesson looks at a branch of behaviorism started by Edward Chace Tolman, who believed that behavior was goal-oriented rather than reactionary. With purposive behaviorism, Tolman took the stance that all learned behavior has a purpose rather than just a biological component.
2. Clark Leonard Hull: Methodology & Theories
Clark Leonard Hull had a tremendous effect on how psychological research was, and is, conducted. This lesson looks at who Hull was and explores his views on methodology and the theories he developed.
3. Cognitive Map: Definition and Examples
Cognitive maps are mental images of the attributes of our environment. Learn more about cognitive maps from examples. Then test your knowledge with a quiz.
4. Intervening Variable: Definition & Example
Sometimes the cause and effect relationship between independent and dependent variables is not obvious without the discovery of an intervening variable. Learn more about intervening variables from examples, and test your new knowledge with a quiz.
5. Latent Learning: Definition, History & Examples
Learn what psychologists are talking about when they refer to latent learning. Discover an intriguing controversy in the field about whether reinforcement is necessary for an animal - or a person - to learn new things.
6. B.F. Skinner's Theories: Overview
B.F. Skinner was a psychologist who had a profound impact on the development of behaviorism and our understanding of the function of rewards and punishments. Learn about Skinner's theories and how his discoveries may be impacting your day-to-day life in this lesson.
7. Operant Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Theory & Examples
How do we adapt our behaviors to our advantage? Can we learn from punishment and reward? With operant conditioning, our behaviors are shaped based off the responses we get from them.
8. Reinforcement and Punishment: Examples & Overview
The power of reinforcement and punishment to change behavior was discovered by B.F. Skinner. Read on to learn about Skinner's discoveries and how you may experience reinforcement and punishment in your own life.
9. Albert Bandura: Social-Cognitive Theory and Vicarious Learning
A person's cognition, environment and behavior play important roles in learning new knowledge and skills. This lesson will focus on Albert Bandura's contributions to social learning and vicarious experiences.
10. Self-Efficacy and Locus of Control: Definition and Meaning
Self-efficacy is the belief that you can succeed in a specific area of your life, and locus of control is how much control you feel like you have over a situation. What do these two things have in common? In this lesson, we'll explore them both and how they relate to each other.
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Other chapters within the Psychology 312: History and Systems of Psychology course
- Studying the History of Psychology
- Philosophical Influences on Psychology
- Physiological Influences on Psychology
- Women & Minorities in Psychology
- The New Psychology
- Structuralism in Psychology
- Antecedent Influences on Functionalism
- Development of Functionalism
- Applied Psychology
- Antecedent Influences on Behaviorism
- Development of Behaviorism
- Gestalt Psychology
- Important Theories in Psychoanalysis
- Contemporary Developments in Psychology
- Required Assignment for Psychology 312
- Studying for Psychology 312