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Ch 9: Evolution & Taxonomy

About This Chapter

This chapter can help students understand the structure of taxonomy, and how it is used in the naming of organisms. Students or professionals can use the material covered in this chapter to better understand how taxonomy relates to evolution.

Taxonomy and Evolution - Chapter Summary

Evolutionary biologists understand how taxonomy has an impact on biological evolution. This chapter provides a thorough overview of how taxonomy is used to name and classify both extinct and living species. Students preparing for an exam or those who want to learn more about evolution will enjoy the informative lessons that comprise this chapter. Since the content can be accessed from any device, you'll be able to learn wherever you are. After studying the lessons in this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Tell about the basics of taxonomy, which is the scientific naming of species
  • Understand how cladograms and phylogenetic trees show the relationships between types of organisms
  • Discuss ancient bacteria and true bacteria
  • Demonstrate knowledge of a category of organisms called protists
  • Compare and contrast plants and fungi
  • Define the characteristics of animals, including vertebrates and invertebrates

6 Lessons in Chapter 9: Evolution & Taxonomy
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Taxonomy: Classification and Naming of Living Things

1. Taxonomy: Classification and Naming of Living Things

The name you give to a living thing may be completely different than the name someone else uses. In science, we use a common naming system for all living things to avoid confusion. This lesson will explore the basics of our classification system.

Cladograms and Phylogenetic Trees: Evolution Classifications

2. Cladograms and Phylogenetic Trees: Evolution Classifications

Family trees help show how people are related to each other. Similarly, scientists use cladograms and phylogenetic trees to study the relationships between organisms.

The Evolution of Prokaryotes: Archaebacteria and Eubacteria

3. The Evolution of Prokaryotes: Archaebacteria and Eubacteria

The first living organisms on Earth were bacteria. These small organisms still exist today and are responsible for many things. In this lesson, we will explore both ancient bacteria and true bacteria.

The Evolution of Protists: Importance & Evolutionary History

4. The Evolution of Protists: Importance & Evolutionary History

Some organisms are very familiar. However, there are some that play vital roles in our lives that we don't even think about. We will look at a group of one of these unfamiliar kingdoms - protists.

The Evolution of Plants and Fungi: Characteristics & Evolutionary History

5. The Evolution of Plants and Fungi: Characteristics & Evolutionary History

In early classification systems, plants and fungi were grouped together. While there are some similarities between these two kingdoms, there are some key differences that we will explore.

The Evolution of Animals: Importance & Evolutionary History

6. The Evolution of Animals: Importance & Evolutionary History

The animal kingdom ranges from simple organisms like sponges to complex organisms like humans. We will look at some defining characteristics of animals as well as examples of both invertebrates and vertebrates.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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