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Ch 18: F-Block Elements of the Periodic Table of Elements

About This Chapter

Review the periodic table's f-block elements with this comprehensive study guide chapter. These short and engaging lessons can be used as textbook supplements, test preparation resources and homework help tools.

Who's It For?

Anyone who needs help learning or reviewing information about the f-block elements of the periodic table will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There is no faster or easier way to learn about the discoveries, uses and properties of all the f-block elements. Among those who would benefit are:

  • Students who want to learn a broad topic in a short amount of time
  • Students who are looking for easy ways to identify the most important information on the topic
  • Students who have fallen behind in memorizing f-block elements
  • Students who prefer multiple ways of learning chemistry (visual or auditory)
  • Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
  • Students who have limited time to study for an upcoming exam

How It Works:

  • Complete each lesson in the chapter to review all key topics.
  • Refer to the lesson to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with a short quiz.
  • Complete your review with the F-Block Elements of the Periodic Table of Elements chapter exam.

Why It Works:

  •  Study Efficiently: The lessons in this chapter cover only information you need to know.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging instruction and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Take the F-Block Elements of the Periodic Table of Elements chapter exam to make sure you're prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any chemistry question. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: View lessons on any web-ready device.

Students Will Review:

This chapter summarizes the material students need to know about the f-block elements for a standard chemistry course. You'll review information regarding the discoveries, properties and uses of the following elements:

  • Americium
  • Berkelium
  • Californium
  • Cerium
  • Curium
  • Dysprosium
  • Einsteinium
  • Erbium
  • Europium
  • Fermium
  • Gadolinium
  • Holmium
  • Lawrencium
  • Lutetium
  • Mendelevium
  • Neodymium
  • Neptunium
  • Nobelium
  • Plutonium
  • Praseodymium
  • Promethium
  • Protactinium
  • Samarium
  • Terbium
  • Thorium
  • Thulium
  • Ytterbium
  • Uranium

41 Lessons in Chapter 18: F-Block Elements of the Periodic Table of Elements
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Americium: Element Discovery & Properties

1. Americium: Element Discovery & Properties

With an atomic number of 95, americium is an actinide metal that was made and discovered in 1940's. This lesson explains the discovery and properties of americium.

Americium Element Uses in Everyday Life

2. Americium Element Uses in Everyday Life

This lesson describes some uses of the element Americium in the areas of smoke detectors, potential space travel and possible energy sources. Additional uses of Americium isotopes and nuclear isomers are also explored.

What is Berkelium? - Uses, Discovery & Properties

3. What is Berkelium? - Uses, Discovery & Properties

Berkelium is a transition element and an actinoid metal. It is radioactive, and it was made in the late 1940s. This lesson explains the discovery, properties, and uses of this element.

What is Californium Used For in Everyday Life?

4. What is Californium Used For in Everyday Life?

Californium is a man-made element that is formed from curium or plutonium. Californium has several uses, and in this lesson, we will go through these uses.

Californium: Element Discovery & Properties

5. Californium: Element Discovery & Properties

Californium sounds a lot like California, and that is no coincidence. This lesson will explore the discovery of Californium (which was discovered in, you guessed it, California) as well as some of the properties of this man-made element.

What is Cerium Used For?

6. What is Cerium Used For?

In this lesson, we will be discussing the element known as cerium. Our main goal will be to explore some of the more common uses cerium finds applications in.

Cerium: Element Discovery & Properties

7. Cerium: Element Discovery & Properties

This lesson is about the discovery of cerium by Jons Jacob Berzelius and Wilhelm Hisinger, as well as Martin Heinrich Klaproth. The properties of the element cerium are also discussed.

What is Curium Used For?

8. What is Curium Used For?

Curium is a synthetic radioactive element whose main use is in batteries in very special applications. In this lesson, we will investigate the use of curium batteries in the medical field and outer space.

Curium: Element Discovery, Name & Properties

9. Curium: Element Discovery, Name & Properties

This lesson describes the discovery of curium by Glenn Seaborg, Ralph James, and Albert Ghiorso. Additionally, the name curium is explained, as well as the properties of curium.

What is Dysprosium? - Discovery & Properties

10. What is Dysprosium? - Discovery & Properties

This lesson is about the discovery of dysprosium by Paul-Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran and isolation by Frank Spedding. The physical and chemical properties of dysprosium are also covered.

What is Dysprosium Used For? - Common & Industrial Uses

11. What is Dysprosium Used For? - Common & Industrial Uses

This lesson reviews some common and industrial uses of dysprosium in various forms such as alloys and compounds. Specific properties of dysprosium that make it ideal for various applications are also discussed.

Einsteinium: Element Discovery, Name & Properties

12. Einsteinium: Element Discovery, Name & Properties

This lesson discusses einsteinium, the element named after Albert Einstein. It also discusses the discovery of this element named after a famous scientist and explores some of its properties.

What is Erbium Used For?

13. What is Erbium Used For?

Erbium is a transition metal as well as a rare earth element. It has characteristics and properties that make it valuable for many uses. This lesson covers how this little known element is used for beauty, power, and communication.

Erbium: Element Discovery, Name & Properties

14. Erbium: Element Discovery, Name & Properties

Erbium is a lanthanide, rare earth element that was discovered as early as late 1700s. This lesson explains the properties of this element and how it was discovered.

Europium: Element Discovery & Properties

15. Europium: Element Discovery & Properties

This lesson is about the discovery of the chemical element Europium. The physical and chemical properties of europium are also discussed, as well as the isotopes.

What is Europium Used For? - Common & Historical Uses

16. What is Europium Used For? - Common & Historical Uses

In this lesson we will look at some of the common uses of the element Europium, especially those that take advantage of Europium's phosphorescence properties.

Fermium: Element Properties, Uses & Facts

17. Fermium: Element Properties, Uses & Facts

Fermium was one of the first man-made elements, first created after testing a hydrogen bomb. Since its discovery, many radioactive isotopes have been found. In this lesson, let us learn the about the properties and uses of fermium.

What is Gadolinium Used For?

18. What is Gadolinium Used For?

This lesson covers the specific uses of the lanthanoid metal gadolinium. It is used in MRI contrast agents, in magnetic refrigeration, and as phosphors for television.

Gadolinium: Element Facts, Discovery & Properties

19. Gadolinium: Element Facts, Discovery & Properties

The discovery of gadolinium by Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac is discussed in this lesson. The properties of gadolinium such as color, malleability, and magnetism are also covered.

Gadolinium: Toxicity, Allergy & Poisoning

20. Gadolinium: Toxicity, Allergy & Poisoning

Chances are you have never heard of gadolinium, but you may have had it injected in your body if you have had an MRI. This lesson will explore the impacts of gadolinium on humans.

Holmium: Element Uses, Facts & Discovery

21. Holmium: Element Uses, Facts & Discovery

The lesson describes the discovery of holmium by three Swiss chemists. We'll also go into the properties of holmium such as color, malleability, and magnetism, and discuss its uses.

Lawrencium: Uses, Properties & Facts

22. Lawrencium: Uses, Properties & Facts

With an atomic number of 103, lawrencium is an actinide metal and a man-made element that was discovered in 1965. This lesson explains the properties and uses of lawrencium.

Lutetium: Uses, Properties & Facts

23. Lutetium: Uses, Properties & Facts

With an atomic number of 71, lutetium is a lanthanide metal and a rare-earth element that was discovered in 1907. This lesson explains the properties and uses of lutetium.

Mendelevium: Uses, Properties & Facts

24. Mendelevium: Uses, Properties & Facts

With an atomic number of 101, mendelevium is an actinide metal and a man-made element that was discovered in 1955. This lesson explains the properties and uses of mendelevium.

What Is Neodymium Used for in Everyday Life?

25. What Is Neodymium Used for in Everyday Life?

The uses of neodymium are discussed in this lesson. Practical applications include magnets and lasers. Applications of neodymium colored glass, such as welder's masks, light bulbs, and tanning beds, are also covered.

Neodymium: Element Facts & Information

26. Neodymium: Element Facts & Information

This lesson covers the discovery of neodymium from didymium by Carl Auer von Welsbach. The properties of the rare earth metal neodymium are also discussed.

Neptunium: Uses, Facts & History

27. Neptunium: Uses, Facts & History

Discovered in the early 1900's, neptunium is a synthetic element and an actinide metal that was made within the lab. This lesson explains the history of neptunium and how it is used.

What is Nobelium? - Uses, Facts & Properties

28. What is Nobelium? - Uses, Facts & Properties

With an atomic number of 102, nobelium is a man-made element that was discovered in Sweden, Russia, and the USA. This lesson explains the properties of nobelium and how to use nobelium.

What is Praseodymium? - Uses, History & Properties

29. What is Praseodymium? - Uses, History & Properties

With an atomic number of 59, praseodymium is a Lanthanide metal and rare earth element that was discovered in Sweden. This lesson explains praseodymium's properties, uses, and facts.

What is Promethium? - Element Facts, Uses & History

30. What is Promethium? - Element Facts, Uses & History

This lesson describes the discovery of the element promethium. Read this lesson to discover where it gets its name, its properties, and its uses in luminous paint and atomic batteries.

Protactinium: Uses, Facts & Chemical Properties

31. Protactinium: Uses, Facts & Chemical Properties

This lesson discusses the discovery of the radioactive element protactinium by Kasimire Fajans and Otto Gohring. The properties and uses of protactinium are also covered.

Samarium: Magnets, Cancer Treatment & Other Uses

32. Samarium: Magnets, Cancer Treatment & Other Uses

In this lesson you will learn about the common uses of the element samarium. Uses for magnets, optical lasers, and cancer treatments will be discussed.

Samarium: Element Facts, History & Isotopes

33. Samarium: Element Facts, History & Isotopes

With an atomic number of 62, samarium is a Lanthanide metal and rare earth element that was discovered in 1879. This lesson explains the history and isotopes of samarium.

What is Terbium? - Uses, Facts & Chemical Properties

34. What is Terbium? - Uses, Facts & Chemical Properties

With an atomic number of 65, terbium is a Lanthanide metal and rare earth element that was discovered in Sweden. This lesson explains terbium's properties, uses, and facts.

What is Thorium? - Element Facts & Characteristics

35. What is Thorium? - Element Facts & Characteristics

Discovered in the early 1800s, thorium is an element that is known as an actinide metal and radioactive. This lesson explains the characteristics and facts about this interesting element.

Thorium: Reactors, Cars & Other Uses

36. Thorium: Reactors, Cars & Other Uses

Thorium is a heavy transition element. It has uses as a pure element and in a compound with oxygen. In this lesson, we will investigate the uses of thorium.

Thorium & Nuclear Power: Pros and Cons

37. Thorium & Nuclear Power: Pros and Cons

Discovered in the early 1800s, thorium is an element that is slightly radioactive. In this lesson, the pros and cons of using the element thorium for nuclear power are discussed.

Thulium: Uses, Facts & Properties

38. Thulium: Uses, Facts & Properties

Thulium is an inner transition element, a lanthanide metal, and a rare earth element that was discovered in the late 1800s. This lesson explains the properties and uses of this element.

What is Ytterbium? - Uses, Compounds & Facts

39. What is Ytterbium? - Uses, Compounds & Facts

This lesson describes the discovery of ytterbium by Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac. The properties and uses of the element, as well as compounds, are also discussed.

Uranium: Definition & Uses

40. Uranium: Definition & Uses

Mention of the word uranium most likely conjures up images of mushroom clouds or evacuation zones around nuclear power plants. But uranium itself is not inherently dangerous. You'll learn about this interesting element in this lesson.

Plutonium: Definition, Uses & Facts

41. Plutonium: Definition, Uses & Facts

Did you know the element plutonium is named after Pluto? Continue reading to learn more interesting facts about this element, discover the various uses of plutonium and understand its chemical background.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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