Ch 79: Families, Religions & Schools as Social Institutions

About This Chapter

View this chapter's video lessons and explore the functions of families, religions and schools as social institutions. Examine the types of religions, family systems and schooling methods that exist in societies around the world.

Families, Religions & Schools as Social Institutions - Chapter Summary

Studying the video lessons in this chapter will help refresh your knowledge about social institutions, and perhaps provide you with some facts you didn't already know. Instructors discuss the important roles of families, religions and schools in society. You'll look at family and kinship patterns used by different cultures. You will also review key concepts of religion as well as the functions of religious organizations. The social and cultural purposes of schooling are discussed too. By the time you finish the chapter's lessons, you should be able to:

  • Distinguish among patrilocality, matrilocality and neolocality
  • List the traditional family life stages
  • Understand the differences between theism, atheism and agnosticism
  • Differentiate between monotheistic and nontheistic religions
  • Discuss the effects of religion on social change
  • Recognize the impact of religiosity and secularization on individuals and cultures
  • Explain schooling differences in lower- and higher-income countries
  • Identify the functions of school
  • Understand the pros and cons of self-fulfilling prophecies and tracking in schools

Our professional instructors and short videos make learning engaging and convenient. Video tags allow you to review key points without rewatching entire videos again. We provide transcripts of the lessons, and some contain links to other text lessons that give more details about important terms. You can check your understanding of the covered topics by taking the multiple-choice lesson quizzes.

11 Lessons in Chapter 79: Families, Religions & Schools as Social Institutions
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Family and Kinship: Patrilocality, Matrilocality & Neolocality

1. Family and Kinship: Patrilocality, Matrilocality & Neolocality

The family, as a social institution, is an extremely important subject of study for sociologists. In this lesson, we define family and kinship, and we discuss three different patterns of residency and systems of family lineage.

Family Life Stages and Traditions: Courtship, Marriage, Child Rearing & Aging

2. Family Life Stages and Traditions: Courtship, Marriage, Child Rearing & Aging

In this lesson, we discuss the four stages of traditional family life that sociologists study. Although the concept of family has changed with time, these four stages remain prominent in our culture.

Religious Views: Atheism, Agnosticism & Theism

3. Religious Views: Atheism, Agnosticism & Theism

Sociology of religion is a large branch of sociology. The different views on deities are studied as part of this topic. In this lesson, we compare and contrast the views of theism, atheism, and agnosticism.

Religion: Key Concepts and Definitions

4. Religion: Key Concepts and Definitions

Sociologists strive to study every aspect of religion in an objective way. In this lesson, we define religion and identify key concepts that are found in religion. We also discuss the difference between churches, sects, and cults.

Monotheism: Islam, Judaism & Christianity

5. Monotheism: Islam, Judaism & Christianity

In this lesson, we define monotheism and identify three significant monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. We also discuss the ideology of each of these three religions.

Nontheism: Hinduism, Buddhism & Confucianism

6. Nontheism: Hinduism, Buddhism & Confucianism

Not all religions focus on the belief (or disbelief) in a particular deity. In this lesson, we define nontheism and discuss the ideologies of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism.

Religion and Social Change in Protestantism and Liberation Theology

7. Religion and Social Change in Protestantism and Liberation Theology

Religion can, at times, be a powerful agent for social change. In this lesson, we discuss two examples of the dichotomy between religion and the secular world, including Max Weber's book, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, as well as the concept of liberation theology.

Religiosity, Secularization & Civil Religion: Applications on Individuals & Cultures

8. Religiosity, Secularization & Civil Religion: Applications on Individuals & Cultures

In this lesson, we define religiosity, secularization, and civil religion. We'll also discuss these concepts both on an individual and cultural scale.

Schooling: Cultural Differences in Schooling Theory

9. Schooling: Cultural Differences in Schooling Theory

The value of education and access to it is different across cultures. In this lesson, we discuss some of the differences in schooling between lower-income and higher-income nations. We also discuss the education system and cultural values of several countries.

Functions of School: Socialization, Cultural Innovation, Integration & Latent Functions

10. Functions of School: Socialization, Cultural Innovation, Integration & Latent Functions

Schools serve a number of functions in our society beyond just transmitting academic knowledge and skills. In this lesson, we differentiate between manifest and latent functions of schools and discuss examples of each.

School Controversies: Self-Fulfilling Prophecies and Tracking

11. School Controversies: Self-Fulfilling Prophecies and Tracking

In this lesson, we define self-fulfilling prophecies and tracking, two controversial elements of education today. We will also discuss the educational advantages and disadvantages of each element.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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