About This Chapter
Famous Biologists and Their Impact on Society - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, you will study famous biologists and their major contributions to science and society as measured by the State of Texas Assessments of Academic Readiness (STAAR) exam. Designed for high school students, this course clearly presents the achievements of each biologist and discusses the importance of their influence in our world. In addition to the scientists who contributed to topics such as DNA and Cell Theory, the main biologists covered in this course include:
- Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
- Carolus Linnaeus
- Gregor Mendel
- Charles Darwin
- Louis Pasteur
- Robert Koch
This chapter serves as an overview of major theories involved in biologic science. Study.com uses engaging study methods that focus on specific subjects to make the learning experience faster and easier. This guide provides a clear explanation of each contribution and situates it in a broader context to better understand the importance of renowned biologists and how their work has helped shape our world.
1. Major Contributors to Cell Theory
The idea that all living things are made up of cells which can only come from other living cells, is known as cell theory. In this lesson, we take a look at the scientists who helped to further its understanding.
2. Anton Van Leeuwenhoek: Biography, Cell Theory & Discoveries
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek, the 'Father of Microbiology,' so improved the quality of the microscope that some people still think he invented the instrument. In this lesson, we'll learn more about this self-taught scientist, including some of his important discoveries and unique way of presenting his work.
3. Carolus Linnaeus: Classification, Taxonomy & Contributions to Biology
There are millions of species on Earth. How can we name and organize all of them without getting confused? We use a system developed in the 1700s by Carolus Linnaeus. Learn more about him and his contributions in this lesson.
4. Gregor Mendel: Biography, Facts & Timeline
Have you ever wondered how you ended up with eyes like your mother and a nose like your father? Gregor Mendel wondered about inherited traits too over a century ago. In this lesson, you will learn about Gregor Mendel and the important contributions he made to the field of genetics.
5. Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection: Overview
In this lesson, you'll be introduced to Charles Darwin and his theory of natural selection. You'll also learn a bit about how his ideas impacted science, popular understandings of human origins, and the debate his theories have sparked.
6. Louis Pasteur: Experiments, Contribution & Theory
Did you know it was once believed that non-living things, like grain, could produce living things like mice? This idea was widely held until the mid-1890s! Louis Pasteur finally disproved this theory, and this lesson will tell you how.
7. Scientist Robert Koch: Biography & Facts
Robert Koch (1843 - 1910) was a German physician and scientist who won the Nobel Prize for his microbiological work on tuberculosis. He also established many foundational techniques for microbiology, some of which are still used today. In this lesson, learn more about this innovative scientist.
8. Watson & Crick Model of DNA
This lesson will review the Watson & Crick model of DNA and how it applies to our understanding of genetic material. By the end you will understand what Watson and Crick discovered and explain what its structure looks like.
9. How Science Has Changed Society
Without science, our modern world just wouldn't be the same. The way we travel, shop, learn, socialize, eat, work, and play is possible because of scientific influences and innovations. Take a look around, and you'll see science pretty much everywhere!
10. How Scientific Discoveries Can Cause People to Change Their Beliefs
Personal beliefs are one thing that people hold to very tightly. However, over time, with enough scientific evidence, a critical eye and consistent experiments, science can and does change people's beliefs in ways that simple observations cannot.
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Other chapters within the STAAR Biology: Test Prep & Practice course
- Introduction to Organic Chemistry
- Intro to Cell Biology
- Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic Cells
- Virus Structure & Life Cycle
- How Enzymes Work
- Requirements of Biological Systems
- Cell Communication
- Basics of Metabolic Biochemistry
- Overview of Cell Division
- Basics of DNA & RNA
- Process of DNA Replication
- The Transcription and Translation Process
- Plant Biology
- Plant Reproduction and Growth
- Physiology I: The Circulatory, Respiratory, Digestive, Excretory, and Musculoskeletal Systems
- The Nervous, Immune, and Endocrine Systems
- Animal Reproduction and Development
- Heredity and Genetics
- Gene Mutations
- DNA and Technology
- The Origin and History of Life On Earth
- The Theory of Evolution
- Natural and Artificial Selection
- Population Evolution
- Organism Classification & Phylogenesis
- Ecological Systems and the Environment
- Ecological Relationships and Species Populations
- Humans and the Environment
- Lab Safety Equipment and Procedures
- Methods of Scientific Research
- Analyzing and Interpreting Scientific Data
- About the STARR Tests
- STAAR Biology Flashcards