About This Chapter
Female Reproductive System - Chapter Summary
If you need to review the parts and functions of the female reproductive system, this chapter's video and text lessons are here to help. Our professional instructors guide you through the internal and external anatomy of this body system as well as the phases of its cycles. You'll also review the steps of egg fertilization. Once you make it through all the videos and texts you should be able to:
- Identify the anatomical parts of the female reproductive system
- Understand the structure of the uterus and uterine wall
- Explain the purpose of the HPG axis
- Describe the ovarian cycle's phases
- List the uterine cycle's phases
- Recognize the role of hormones in the female reproductive system
- Explain the oocyte's path from ovulation to implantation
We make strengthening your understanding of the female reproductive system a straightforward and engaging process. Our short video lessons are full of diagrams and visuals to help reinforce your knowledge of this body system. Use the video tags to rewatch key points as needed, and read over the lesson transcripts as well. The latter often have links to other lessons with more information on major concepts or terms. Take our self-assessment lesson quizzes to see how well you grasp the chapter material.
1. Female Reproductive System: Internal Anatomy
The female reproductive system has multiple structures with specific purposes and functions. Learn about the internal anatomy of the female reproductive system, including the ovaries, cervix, uterine tubes, and uterus.
2. The Uterus and Uterine Wall: Structure and Parts
The uterus is a female reproductive organ that is essential for proper fetal development. Learn about the function of the uterus and uterine wall, the three layers of the uterus (perimetrium, myometrium, & endometrium), and how each layer functions in the proper development of a fetus.
3. External Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System
The external anatomy of the female reproductive system involves six main structures developed from the same tissues that make the male's external genitals. Learn about the skin folds in the vulva and explore the female erectile structures, including the clitoris and vestibular bulbs.
4. HPG Axis: Hormonal Control of the Ovarian Cycle
The female HPG axis involves the hypothalamus, anterior pituitary and female gonads (or ovaries) and allows the brain to communicate with the ovaries using hormones. Explore the function of the HPG axis, GnRH patterns, LH and FSH hormones, and HPG signaling.
5. Phases of The Ovarian Cycle: Overview from Puberty to Menopause
The ovarian cycle functions in phases from puberty to menopause. Explore the two parts of the ovarian cycle, how timing is involved, the puberty and menopause cycles, and the two phases of reproduction.
6. Follicular Phase of the Ovarian Cycle
During the ovarian cycle, the oocyte, which is the female gamete, grows and matures through different phases, the first of which is the follicular phase. Explore the stages in the follicular phase, including primordial follicle, primary follicle, secondary follicle, tertiary follicle, and ovulation.
7. Luteal Phase of the Ovarian Cycle
The luteal phase or post-ovulatory phase of the ovarian cycle occurs immediately after the ovaries release an egg. Learn what happens after ovulation occurs and discover when the formation of the corpus luteum takes place.
8. The Uterine Cycle: Phases and Endometrial Changes
Hormonal changes trigger the phases the female reproduction system goes through over the course of about 28 days. Explore how the phases and endometrial changes specific to the uterine cycle prepare the female body for the implantation of a fertilized egg.
9. The Uterine Cycle: Menses
The uterine cycle is also called the menses or menstrual cycle which takes place each month in preparation for a possible pregnancy. Learn about the menstrual cycle including why and how it occurs.
10. The Uterine Cycle: Proliferative Phase
The proliferative phase of the uterine cycle is where the endometrium of the uterus is rebuilt. Learn about the uterine cycle, endometrial zones, and the proliferative phase.
11. The Uterine Cycle: Secretory Phase
The secretory phase of the uterine cycle (menses) is when a suitable environment is created for an incoming embryo. Discover more about the secretory phase and its relationship to the uterine glands, progesterone, and fertilization.
12. The Female Reproductive Axis: Coordination of the Brain, Ovaries & Uterus
The female brain emits hormones to let the ovaries know it's time to start the female reproductive process. Learn how the coordination of the brain, ovaries, and uterus results in a continuous, integrated system to prepare the body for reproduction.
13. Ovulation to Implantation: Oocyte's Path through Uterine Tubes
Ovulation to implantation involves the journey of the oocyte through uterine tubes. Explore how the egg leaves the ovary and travels down the uterine tube, what happens to the egg if it is not fertilized, and the process of fertilization and cellular division.
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- Overview of Chemical Bonds and Reactions
- Structure and Function of Macromolecules
- How Enzymes Work
- Basics of Metabolic Biochemistry
- Overview of Cell Division
- Process of DNA Replication
- The Transcription and Translation Process
- Basics of Gene Mutations
- Mechanisms of Biological Evolution
- Plant Biology
- Plant Reproduction and Growth
- Requirements of Biological Systems
- Animal Reproduction and Development
- Male Reproductive System
- Physiology I: The Circulatory, Respiratory, Digestive, Excretory, and Musculoskeletal Systems
- Physiology II: The Nervous, Immune, and Endocrine Systems
- Biology: Diseases & Prevention
- Cardiovascular Disorders
- Neurological Disorders
- Common Human Disorders
- Populations and Biological Communities
- Overview of Animal Behavior
- Ecosystems and Biomes
- Biochemical Cycles
- Human Activity and the Biosphere
- NES Biology Flashcards