About This Chapter
Feudalism in Europe & the Early Middle Ages - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
In European feudalism, the monarchs owned the land, the nobility oversaw the land and peasants were required to farm it. During the chaotic Early Middle Ages, such a system offered a level of stability but also considerable strife and conflict. By exploring the lessons in this chapter, you'll learn more about the impact and consequences of the feudal system in Europe, as well other defining events and accomplishments of the Early Middle Ages. The lessons cover topics like:
- How the feudal system was structured
- How Charlemagne rose to power as Holy Roman Emperor
- The definition of monasticism
- What characteristics define Carolingian art and architecture
- Who the Vikings were
- What the role of the knighthood was during the Early Middle Ages
|Feudalism: Charlemagne and the Holy Roman Empire||Find out how feudalism changed before, during and after the reign of Charlemagne.|
|Charlemagne's Holy Roman Empire and the Divine Right to Rule||Discover how Charlemagne ruled the Holy Roman Empire and his belief in the divine right of kings.|
|Monasticism from St. Benedict to Cluny||Learn what monasticism is and its impact during the Middle Ages.|
|Carolingian Art: History, Style & Characteristics||See examples of Carolingian art and what qualities the works share.|
|Carolingian Architecture: Style, Characteristics & Examples||Explore the style of Carolingian churches and monasteries.|
|History of the Vikings||Get details on why the Vikings' were so effective at orchestrating raids and at establishing trading colonies.|
|The Technology Behind the Armored Knight||Learn about medieval armor and technology used to support armored knights.|
|Knighthood & the Middle Ages Code of Chivalry||Get to know the purpose of knights and the code of chivalry they adhered to.|
|Order from Chaos: Establishing Stability through Feudal Ties and Manors||Examine the stability feudalism offered society during the tumultuous Early Middle Ages.|
1. Feudalism: Charlemagne and the Holy Roman Empire
This lesson explains the rule of Charlemagne and his control over the Holy Roman Empire. It highlights his many military conquests and his divine rights as king, while also focusing on the role feudalism played before, during, and after his reign.
2. Charlemagne's Holy Roman Empire and the Divine Right to Rule
This lesson will explore the rule of Charlemagne and his exercise of the divine right of kings. It will highlight his reign as Holy Roman Emperor, focusing on his military conquests and his cultural reforms.
3. Monasticism from St. Benedict to Cluny
This lesson will trace the history of Western monasticism from Benedict to Cluny. It will focus on the Benedictine rule while also highlight monastic contributions to society.
4. Carolingian Art: History, Style & Characteristics
This lesson covers the art of the Carolingian Renaissance. We'll explore the causes of the Carolingian Renaissance, then see how the art of illumination was adapted for new uses. Then we'll discuss treasure bindings and finish with a quick survey of the few other surviving forms of Carolingian art.
5. Carolingian Architecture: Style, Characteristics & Examples
This lesson covers Carolingian architecture. We first look at Charlemagne's place in a long tradition of imperial builders. We then look at features that distinguish Carolingian churches from early Christian churches: piers, transepts, choirs and westworks. Finally, we explore the blueprint of a Carolingian monastery.
6. History of the Vikings
This lesson covers the history of the Vikings. We examine the Viking longships and their role in raids. Then we explore the impact these raids had on European history. Next we look at some of the other things the Vikings did besides raiding.
7. The Technology Behind the Armored Knight
This lesson looks at the technology behind the armored knight. We'll follow the development of medieval armor and the development of the saddle. Finally, we'll look at the implications of this expensive form of warfare.
8. Knighthood & the Middle Ages Code of Chivalry
While we may think of knights in shining armor protecting women and the Church through the code of chivalry, the reality was a very different state of affairs. This lesson explains why knights were needed, as well as when the code broke down.
9. Order From Chaos: Establishing Stability through Feudal Ties and Manors
This lesson will explore the impact of feudalism on European society. While explaining the system of feudalism, it will highlight how it offered protection and stability to Europe, specifically after the 5th century fall of Rome.
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Other chapters within the History 112: World History I course
- Prehistory & the Development of Humankind
- Civilization Begins at Mesopotamia
- Early Egyptian Civilization
- Early Civilizations of the Ancient Near East
- The Rise of Empires in the Ancient Near East
- Early Indian Civilizations & Empires
- Early Chinese Civilizations & Empires
- Early Greek Civilizations
- Classical Greek Culture & Philosophy
- Alexander & the Spread of Hellenistic Culture
- Rise of the Roman Republic
- The Roman Republic Becomes an Empire
- Roman Culture & Society
- The Development of Christianity
- Fall of the Roman Empire
- The Birth of the Muslim World
- Early African Civilizations
- Early Civilizations in Asia
- The Roman World in Transformation
- The Byzantine Empire & the Crusades
- Rise of the Russians & the Turks
- Society & Culture in the Medieval Warm Period
- Medieval Civilization & Christianity
- European Kingdoms Emerge
- Culture of the High Middle Ages
- The Late Middle Ages
- Early Civilizations in the Americas
- The Muslim World Expands
- The European Renaissance