About This Chapter
Standard: Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.
About This Chapter
Students who have mastered the concepts in this standard can spot and name various figures of speech and understand their usage. In addition, students are able to formulate such linguistic subtleties themselves and use them in writing and other communication.
This standard's lessons cover topics such as:
- Identifying and understanding the purpose of non-literal language
- Defining allusion
- Understanding metaphors and similes
- Recognizing and employing irony
- Utilizing euphemisms
- Understanding metonymy and synecdoche
Students use their comprehension of this standard in both formal and everyday communication. They recognize the use and purpose of figurative speech and are able to harness this understanding in their own writing. The capacity to apply non-literal language via forms like metaphors, similes, and allusions offers students increased options in choosing the best way to express their intended meaning to a reader.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Here are some ways to utilize these lessons to support teaching the CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.9-10.5 standard:
Synecdoche and Metonymy Lessons
View the video lesson on synecdoche and metonymy as a class. Then give examples of each of these linguistic strategies, and ask the class to identify which one is in play. Finally, ask the students to offer their own examples of synecdoche and metonymy that they perceive in everyday vernacular.
Metaphor and Simile Lessons
Assign the video on metaphors as homework. During the next class session, display short passages from literature, and ask the students, as a group, to identify the metaphors and similes each excerpt utilizes. Then, provide students with a list of several brief written passages, and ask them to identify the metaphors and similes on their own.
Lessons in Allusion
Ask students to watch the lesson on illusion versus allusion as homework. In a computer lab setting, offer lines from literature that contain allusions, and ask students if they understand to what the allusion is referring. If not, invite the students to see if they can find what the allusion is referencing online.
1. Euphemism: Definition & Examples
This lesson defines euphemisms, alternate language used in place of offensive language or when discussing taboo topics. Explore some examples of euphemisms in everyday language and well-known examples from literature.
2. What is a Metaphor? - Examples, Definition & Types
Metaphors are all around you. They're the bright sparkling lights that turn plain evergreens into Christmas trees. Learn how to spot them, why writers write with them, and how to use them yourself right here.
3. Synecdoche vs. Metonymy: Definitions & Examples
Would you lend your ears for a moment (or at least your eyeballs)? This lesson will explain what synecdoche and metonymy mean and how to spot them in a piece of prose or poetry.
4. Cliches, Paradoxes & Equivocations: Definitions & Examples
Learn about cliches, paradoxes, and equivocations, and how they can weaken or strengthen certain types of writing. Explore examples of all three from literature and daily life.
5. Similes in Literature: Definition and Examples
Explore the simile and how, through comparison, it is used as a shorthand to say many things at once. Learn the difference between similes and metaphors, along with many examples of both.
6. Types of Irony: Examples & Definitions
Discover, once and for all, what irony is and is not. Explore three types of irony: verbal, situational and dramatic, and learn about some famous and everyday examples.
7. Allusion and Illusion: Definitions and Examples
Allusions and illusions have little in common besides the fact that they sound similar. Learn the difference between the two and how allusions are an important part of literature and writing - and how to spot them in text.
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Other chapters within the Common Core ELA - Language Grades 9-10: Standards course