About This Chapter
Standard: Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively. Assess the credibility and accuracy of each source, and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others, while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.
About This Chapter
Students in the eighth grade who have mastered this standard understand when, why and how a bibliography is used and compiled. They also know when to cite sources in-text to avoid plagiarism and how to follow a source format.
In addition to breach of copyright, the lessons included in this standard cover topics in:
- The parts of a citation, including how to create a bibliography or works cited page
- Identifying citations from authored, edited and revised books or magazines
- Online sources, including citations and how they differ from print-based citations
- The use of reference materials
- In-text citations
- The Modern Language Association Format (MLA) for citing sources
- Using effective search terms
- Source credibility and accuracy
Students who have mastered this standard can accurately compile and format a bibliography and cite sources within a text. When presented with a source, they are able to tell if it is from a book, magazine or online source. They also demonstrate the ability to include a direct quote or a paraphrase from a source without plagiarizing.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Watch and review the key points of the bibliography lesson at the start of class, including the reasons why they are important, e.g., giving credit to authors, providing information for further reading and avoiding plagiarism. Hand out a sample bibliography that includes some formatting errors and, based on what they've just seen and heard, ask students to identify the mistakes. For homework, distribute a raw list of sources, either electronically or in print, and have students create and format a bibliography.
View and discuss the plagiarism lesson, including why it is important to avoid copying the work of others. Provide examples. For homework, assign students a short, original piece of work, and have them compare it to a paragraph or paragraphs that include some of the same information. To complete the assignment, students will highlight and rewrite the plagiarized sentences or passages, and provide a list of correctly formatted citations.
Assign the identifying citations and online citations for homework. As an in-class activity, have students review a bibliography and identify the print-based and online sources.
Search Terms Lesson
At the beginning of class, watch and explain the search terms lesson. Present students with a hypothetical topic, and using their own search terms, ask them to compile an MLA-formatted bibliography of online and print sources.
1. What Is a Bibliography and When Should I Write One?
In this video we are going to cover what a bibliography is, why they are used, various types of bibliographies, how to create a bibliography, and when to know if you should use a bibliography.
2. How to Avoid Plagiarism: When to Cite Sources
Plagiarism is a very serious matter in both academia and professional writing. Plagiarism in an academic setting can lead to you failing a course or being removed from school completely. Plagiarism in professional writing can lead to being fired from a job or finding yourself in court being sued. Let's figure out how to avoid this issue!
3. Avoiding Plagiarism: How to Quote and Paraphrase in Your Writing
Learn how to avoid plagiarism by giving clear credit to your sources by directly quoting or paraphrasing them and properly citing them in the following video!
4. How to Read Citations in Texts and Bibliographies
This video will enable you to crack the code behind reading in-text citations and bibliographies. We'll see what citations look like and the important information they contain.
5. Citations from Authored Books, Edited Books and Revised Books
Depending on the type of book we're using, there are a few rules we have to follow when citing it in our reference page. In this video, we're going to cover authored books, edited books, and revised books. However, there are many different types of citation styles, including MLA, APA, and Chicago, and some differ in their exact formatting rules. These citations are in APA style - make sure you check to find out what style you should be using before you complete your reference page.
6. Citations from Magazines
This video covers citing magazines both in text and in the reference page. The lesson addresses citation formats in both APA and MLA. It's important to note the differences, since both expect specific citation styles.
7. How to Cite Online Sources
A large majority of research today is done online, so you'll need to cite web pages for your papers. In this video we will learn the proper way of citing online sources in both APA and MLA styles.
8. How to Use Reference Material in Your Writing
When it comes to writing an essay or a vast array of other academic writing projects, you will often have to refer to the works of others. This video will teach you the skills to use reference materials in your writing.
9. How to Make a Works Cited Page
You will have to cite your sources properly whenever you borrow words or ideas for a paper. One part of proper citation is the Works Cited page. This lesson shows you how to put one together.
10. How to Make In-Text Citations
With this lesson, you'll get to know the basics of creating in-text citations. We'll go over both MLA and APA style parenthetical citations and how to use them to cite different types of sources.
11. Reliable Research: How to Determine If a Source is Credible & Accurate
Learn how to do research that is credible and accurate by evaluating your sources for how relevant the information is, how verifiable the information is, and how unbiased your source is after listening to this lesson on how to do reliable research!
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Other chapters within the Common Core ELA Grade 8 - Writing: Standards course
- Writing Arguments: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.1
- Writing Informative Texts: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.2
- Writing Narratives: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.3
- Writing Development, Organization & Style: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.4
- Revising & Editing: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.5
- Conducting Research: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.7
- Analyze Texts: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.9
- Writing Practice: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.10