Ch 7: Finding & Citing Sources: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.8

About This Chapter

Let us help you meet the Common Core English Language Arts requirements, and show your 8th-grade students how to find and cite sources. Check out our helpful tips for integrating the lessons in your classroom, and determine if your students have met the standards-based competency for finding and citing sources.

Standard: Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively. Assess the credibility and accuracy of each source, and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others, while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.

About This Chapter

Students in the eighth grade who have mastered this standard understand when, why and how a bibliography is used and compiled. They also know when to cite sources in-text to avoid plagiarism and how to follow a source format.

In addition to breach of copyright, the lessons included in this standard cover topics in:

  • The parts of a citation, including how to create a bibliography or works cited page
  • Identifying citations from authored, edited and revised books or magazines
  • Online sources, including citations and how they differ from print-based citations
  • The use of reference materials
  • In-text citations
  • The Modern Language Association Format (MLA) for citing sources
  • Using effective search terms
  • Source credibility and accuracy

Students who have mastered this standard can accurately compile and format a bibliography and cite sources within a text. When presented with a source, they are able to tell if it is from a book, magazine or online source. They also demonstrate the ability to include a direct quote or a paraphrase from a source without plagiarizing.

How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom

Bibliography Lesson

Watch and review the key points of the bibliography lesson at the start of class, including the reasons why they are important, e.g., giving credit to authors, providing information for further reading and avoiding plagiarism. Hand out a sample bibliography that includes some formatting errors and, based on what they've just seen and heard, ask students to identify the mistakes. For homework, distribute a raw list of sources, either electronically or in print, and have students create and format a bibliography.

Plagiarism Lesson

View and discuss the plagiarism lesson, including why it is important to avoid copying the work of others. Provide examples. For homework, assign students a short, original piece of work, and have them compare it to a paragraph or paragraphs that include some of the same information. To complete the assignment, students will highlight and rewrite the plagiarized sentences or passages, and provide a list of correctly formatted citations.

Citations Lessons

Assign the identifying citations and online citations for homework. As an in-class activity, have students review a bibliography and identify the print-based and online sources.

Search Terms Lesson

At the beginning of class, watch and explain the search terms lesson. Present students with a hypothetical topic, and using their own search terms, ask them to compile an MLA-formatted bibliography of online and print sources.

11 Lessons in Chapter 7: Finding & Citing Sources: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.8
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What Is a Bibliography and When Should I Write One?

1. What Is a Bibliography and When Should I Write One?

In an academic setting, authors must typically provide a list of researched sources, a bibliography, with their work. Learn what a bibliography is, what forms they come in, how to write one, and when to writing a bibliography is needed.

How to Avoid Plagiarism: When to Cite Sources

2. How to Avoid Plagiarism: When to Cite Sources

Plagiarism is a very serious matter in both academic and professional writing and, believe it or not, it can happen unintentionally. Discover how to avoid plagiarism, learn some rules of thumb to help remember when to cite sources, and see why taking large pieces of someone else's work can be considered plagiarism even when cited properly.

Avoiding Plagiarism: How to Quote and Paraphrase in Your Writing

3. Avoiding Plagiarism: How to Quote and Paraphrase in Your Writing

Direct quoting or paraphrasing ideas and statements are ways to correctly convey information from other sources while avoiding plagiarism. Understand what plagiarism is and learn how to include and cite information from sources.

How to Read Citations in Texts and Bibliographies

4. How to Read Citations in Texts and Bibliographies

Citations provide important information about how an author gathered and utilized the information from sources in the article or research paper, for example. Learn why it is important to know how to read citations and explore in-text citations and bibliographies.

Citations from Authored Books, Edited Books and Revised Books

5. Citations from Authored Books, Edited Books and Revised Books

The rules for citing sources in an essay differ depending on if it is an authored book, edited book, or revised book. Learn the differences between these types of books and explore how to cite them on the works cited page of an essay using APA and MLA style guidelines.

Citations from Magazines

6. Citations from Magazines

Citations are important when you are doing academic work, so you need to know how to properly cite magazines if that is your type of source. Discover the information you need to make citations from magazines, learn how to cite magazines both in text and on the reference page, and explore the different citation formats in both APA and MLA.

How to Cite Online Sources

7. How to Cite Online Sources

Online sources can be cited using both APA and MLA styles. Learn about ways of choosing the best citation format, how to correctly cite online sources, and review example citations that use APA and MLA 9th edition formats.

How to Use Reference Material in Your Writing

8. How to Use Reference Material in Your Writing

Reference materials often are a necessary tool to create effective writing. Learn how to incorporate appropriate reference material into your writing and still make it your own work. Explore the steps for using reference materials, which include consult experts, broaden and then narrow your research, use your newfound knowledge, and make it your own work.

How to Make a Works Cited Page

9. How to Make a Works Cited Page

Well-written documents avoid plagiarism. Understand plagiarism and how to avoid it by properly citing sources. Learn how to make a works cited page based on MLA style and recognize when and how to use in-text parenthetical citations.

How to Make In-Text Citations

10. How to Make In-Text Citations

Citations are used to tell readers where ideas and information came from. Learn about the two major citation styles developed by APA and MLA, respectively, and explore other citation systems that are available.

Reliable Research: How to Determine If a Source is Credible & Accurate

11. Reliable Research: How to Determine If a Source is Credible & Accurate

The credibility and accuracy of sources used in research must be relevant, verifiable, and unbiased. Learn more about these characteristics of reliable research by exploring examples of each in action.

Chapter Practice Exam
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Practice Final Exam
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