About This Chapter
Foreign and Defense Policy - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
The policies pertaining to defense of the United States have evolved over time in response to economical and philosophical climates of the governments in other countries during times of war and peace. In this chapter, our instructor explains that development, along with detailing the present individual powers held by Congress and the President. You can also find out about how U.S. military power may be used to ensure national security. By the end of this chapter, you should understand the following topics:
- The development of foreign policy since the Cold War
- How separation of powers affects the formation of foreign policy
- The differences of opinion that arise concerning the use of military power
- The relationship between U.S. national security policy and economics
|A History of Foreign Policy in the U.S. from the Cold War to post-9/11||Explain the development of United States foreign and defense policy since the Cold War.|
|Developing Foreign Policy: The President, Congress & Interest Groups||Outline the influences on the formation of foreign policy in the United States.|
|Foreign Policy Powers of the President & Congress||Compare the powers held by Congress and the President in making foreign policy.|
|The Use & Capabilities of U.S. Military Power||Address how the military may be used to ensure national security.|
|Ideals, Interests & Needs of Protecting the American Public||Explain the controversies that have arisen pertaining to national defense due to differing philosophies.|
|The Economics of National Security Policy||Explore the connection between economics and United States national security policies.|
1. A History of U.S. Foreign Policy from the Cold War to post-9/11
The collapse of the Soviet Union and the 2001 terrorist attacks against the United States have caused fundamental changes to U.S. foreign policy. In this lesson, you'll be provided a brief overview of U.S. foreign policy during and after the Cold War.
2. Developing Foreign Policy: The President, Congress & Interest Groups
Foreign policy is not developed in a vacuum or by only one actor in the United States. In this lesson, you'll learn about how the president, Congress and interest groups help develop U.S. foreign policy. A short quiz follows.
3. Foreign Policy Powers of the President & Congress
In the United States, both the president and Congress have influence over the development and implementation of foreign policy. In this lesson, you'll learn about the powers that the executive and legislative branch exerts over foreign policy.
4. The Use & Capabilities of U.S. Military Power
One of the most powerful foreign policy tools that the United States possesses is military force. In this lesson, you'll learn about the capabilities of the United State military and how it can be used to advance national interest.
5. Ideals, Interests & Needs of Protecting the American Public
Foreign policy is often a place where values, reality and necessity collide. In this lesson, you'll learn about the concepts of national ideals, national mission and national interests and see how they work together and sometimes even in opposition.
6. The Economics of National Security Policy
The national security interest of the United States is broad, complex and involves far more than mere military security. In this lesson, you'll learn how economics fits into the overall national security policy of the United States.
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Other chapters within the Political Science 102: American Government course
- Introduction to the Study of American Government
- Constitutional Democracy
- Federalism in the United States
- Interest Groups and American Democracy
- The Media and American Democracy
- The Federal Bureaucracy in the United States
- American Political Culture, Opinion, and Behavior
- Civil Liberties
- Civil Rights
- Political Parties in the United States Government
- The Presidency: Election, Powers, and Practice
- The Congress: Election, Powers, and Representation
- The Federal Judicial System
- Economic and Fiscal Policy
- Public, Social, and Environmental Policy
- Studying for Political Science 102