About This Chapter
Forensic Toxicology - Chapter Summary
Study the basics of forensic toxicology and how it is used in crime investigations by reviewing short lessons developed by expert instructors. This chapter is designed to boost your knowledge of key forensic toxicology concepts like alcohol metabolism and alcohol breath testing. Access this chapter at your convenience using any computer, smartphone or tablet, and use our mini quizzes and practice exam to gauge your comprehension of the lessons. If you develop questions during your studies, feel free to submit them to our subject-matter experts. Upon completion of this chapter, you will be able to do the following:
- Define and discuss the purpose of forensic toxicology
- Describe the process and effects of alcoholic metabolism
- Detail procedures for alcoholic breath testing
- Share procedures for testing blood alcohol levels
- Discuss the facts, case brief and decision of Schmerber v. California
1. Forensic Toxicology: Definition & Purpose
Forensic toxicology is often used to solve crimes. This lesson will explain what forensic toxicology is and the purpose of forensic toxicology as it relates to homicide or suicide investigations involving harmful substances.
2. Alcohol Metabolism: Process & Effects
Alcohol is broken down in the liver with the help of enzymes. Learn how alcohol is converted to the toxic byproduct acetaldehyde before being oxidized into acetate with help from the enzymes alcohol dehydrogenase and aldehyde dehydrogenase in this lesson.
3. Alcohol Breath Testing Procedures
This lesson will discuss the different procedures for alcohol breath testing in the United States. It will introduce the use of fuel cell and infrared technologies and explain some situations in which each is used.
4. Blood Alcohol Level Testing Procedures
Blood alcohol level testing is considered to be the most accurate way to test for the presence of alcohol. This lesson will look at the different ways to test for alcohol and discuss proper procedures for blood alcohol testing.
5. Schmerber v. California: Case Brief, Decision & Facts
In this lesson, you will learn about the U.S. Supreme Court case Schmerber v. California and its precedent for Fourth Amendment, Fifth Amendment, Sixth Amendment, and Fourteenth Amendment case law.
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Other chapters within the Criminal Justice 106: Forensic Science course
- Introduction to Forensic Science
- Physical Evidence & Crime Scene Reconstruction
- Conducting Death Investigations
- Trace Evidence in Hair & Fibers
- Fingerprint Analysis & Collection
- Types & Uses of Microscopes
- Firearms, Tool Marks & Impression Evidence
- Drugs & Substances in Forensic Science
- Forensic Serology
- Basics of DNA in Forensic Science
- Fire & Explosion Investigations
- Computer & Mobile Device Forensics
- Forensic Document Analysis