Ch 23: Forms of Government - MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy

About This Chapter

This chapter can reinforce your knowledge of the different forms of government before you take the MTEL Political Science / Political Philosophy examination for a Massachusetts teaching endorsement. Numerous video lessons and text transcripts comprise the chapter.

Forms of Government: MTEL Political Science / Political Philosophy - Chapter Summary

The powers, laws and policies of various types of government are explored in this chapter. It examines the styles and origins of governments that include monarchies and democracies. Gain more information about the similarities, differences, advantages and disadvantages of some systems of government before you take on MTEL Political Science / Political Philosophy examination questions. When you study the facts in this chapter, you could accumulate the knowledge necessary to:

  • Outline the strengths and weaknesses of several forms of government
  • Understand the structures and powers of different governments, including constitutional governments
  • Describe the characteristics of an absolute monarchy
  • Teach students about confederal, unitary and federal systems of government
  • Discuss the origins of the parliamentary government system
  • Explain the responsibilities of the British Prime Minister and those of Cabinet members
  • Tell students how Parliament and Congress differ
  • Contrast two-party and multi-party systems
  • Discuss Marxist, pluralist and power-elite model theories
  • Define and explain the concept of a state

This chapter of video lessons will allow you to build on what you've already studied about the forms of government. Short lessons, video tags, animation, graphics and worksheets are some of the features of this self-paced chapter. Written transcripts and an ask-a-question section are also included. After watching a lesson online with your mobile device or computer, take the quiz that'll test your retention.

Forms of Government: MTEL Political Science / Political Philosophy Chapter Objectives

The MTEL Political Science / Political Philosophy examination has six subareas, five of which are designated multiple-choice and one of which is open-response. Subarea III, Comparative Government and International Relations, is where you'll express your knowledge of forms of government that encompass autocracy, democracy, oligarchy and theocracy. You'll also be required to answer questions on one-party and multi-party systems. The subarea has 15% of the test weighting and 18 - 20 multiple-choice questions. The computerized examination as a whole has 100 multiple-choice questions and two open-response items. Plan to spend no more than four hours on the examination as you go for a teaching certification in political science and political philosophy.

11 Lessons in Chapter 23: Forms of Government - MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Traditional Types of Government: Definitions, Strengths & Weaknesses

1. Traditional Types of Government: Definitions, Strengths & Weaknesses

In this lesson, we will explore several traditional types of government. We will define each type and take a close look at its strengths and weaknesses.

Forms of Government: Monarchy, Democracy, Oligarchy & More

2. Forms of Government: Monarchy, Democracy, Oligarchy & More

The governance of nations differs significantly based on who has power. This lesson will differentiate five forms of government: monarchy, democracy, oligarchy, authoritarianism, and totalitarianism.

Absolute Monarchy: Definition, Characteristics & Examples

3. Absolute Monarchy: Definition, Characteristics & Examples

During the 17th century, Europe experienced economics crises, religious wars, and civil unrest. Absolute monarchy was but one response to the search for a more ordered society. In this lesson, learn the definition, characteristics and prime historic examples of absolutism.

Unitary, Confederal & Federal Governments

4. Unitary, Confederal & Federal Governments

This lesson compares three systems of government, and gives you the basics about each. Learn how the region that is now the United States has interacted with all three approaches.

Types of Constitutional Government

5. Types of Constitutional Government

Learn about constitutional governments through the eyes of a citizen of a fictional country undergoing change. Gain insight into what each of these styles means as you weigh the benefits of unitary and federal types.

The History and Structure of the Parliamentary System of Government

6. The History and Structure of the Parliamentary System of Government

In this lesson, we explore the parliamentary system of government and several of the European nations that employ the system, as well as the European Parliament and its constraints.

The Roles & Powers of the Prime Minister & the Cabinet

7. The Roles & Powers of the Prime Minister & the Cabinet

In this lesson, we will examine the roles and duties of the British prime minister and Cabinet. We will pay close attention to how the prime minister and Cabinet members obtain their positions.

Congress vs. Parliament: Main Differences

8. Congress vs. Parliament: Main Differences

In this lesson, we will review the major differences between Congress and Parliament. We will take a closer look at why these differences exist and how they affect decision-making in those particular democratic countries.

Two-Party & Multi-Party Systems: Similarities & Differences

9. Two-Party & Multi-Party Systems: Similarities & Differences

The following lesson will cover the similarities and differences between the two-party and multi-party systems of government. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check your understanding.

Social Power Theories: Pluralist, Power-Elite & Marxist Models

10. Social Power Theories: Pluralist, Power-Elite & Marxist Models

This lesson will explain and differentiate three major theories of power in society: The pluralist model, the power-elite model and the Marxist model.

State as a Concept: Definition, Development, & Size

11. State as a Concept: Definition, Development, & Size

This lesson will seek to explain the concept of a state. In doing so, it will highlight legitimate power, traditional authority, rational authority, and a federal system of states.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy (48): Practice & Study Guide course

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