About This Chapter
Foundations of Chemistry & Organic Chemistry - Chapter Summary
This comprehensive overview is designed to make sure you fully understand the foundations of chemistry and organic chemistry. Closely examine this chapter's entertaining lessons to enhance your knowledge of atomic and molar mass, stoichiometry, combination reaction and much more. When finished, you will have the knowledge to:
- Define and discuss the history and branches of chemistry
- Discuss the basics of early atomic theory
- Share the definition of combination reaction, and explain how compounds and molecules are built from elements
- Provide the definitions of atomic mass and molar mass
- Make stoichiometric calculations with gases
- Describe the importance of carbon and how organic chemistry relates to everyday life
- Exhibit an understanding of chemical bonds and electronic displacement in covalent bonds
- Detail the role of the electrophile in electrophilic addition
The flexibility of this chapter enables you to tailor your study of the foundations of chemistry and organic chemistry to your unique schedule. In addition to around-the-clock accessibility, you can access lessons and other resources from any computer or mobile device with an Internet connection. Review the lessons in any sequence and as many times as you desire. Multiple-choice quizzes are available to assess your comprehension of the lessons you review. If you have questions about any topics covered in this chapter, feel free to submit them to our experts.
1. What is Chemistry? - Definition, History & Branches
Known as the central science, chemistry is integral to our understanding of the natural world around us. In this lesson, you'll be introduced to the field of chemistry, learning about its history and its modern applications.
2. Early Atomic Theory: Dalton, Thomson, Rutherford and Millikan
Imagine firing a bullet at a piece of tissue paper and having it bounce back at you! You would probably be just as surprised as Rutherford when he discovered the nucleus. In this lesson, we are going to travel back in time and discuss some of the major discoveries in the history of the atom.
3. Combination Reaction: Definition & Examples
There many types of chemical reactions. In a combination reaction, you can predict the product if you know what goes into it. Find out more about combination reactions and see some examples.
4. How Compounds and Molecules Are Built From Elements
Did you know that elements are somewhat like people and have different personalities? Some elements like to be left alone. Others prefer to hang out with friends. We'll discuss how elements build molecules and compounds and how these can be classified.
5. What is Atomic Mass? - Definition & Examples
Atomic mass is a characteristic of an atom that is a measure of its size. It is plays a major role in the chemical properties of elements. This article discusses atomic mass and how it is calculated.
6. What is Molar Mass? - Definition, Formula & Examples
Compounds have mass, and this is what we call the molar mass. In this lesson, we will discuss the molar mass and go over examples on how to calculate it.
7. Stoichiometry: Calculating Relative Quantities in a Gas or Solution
In this lesson, learn about molar volume and how to set up and make stoichiometric calculations with gases. Then learn about solution stoichiometry and how to make stoichiometric calculations with solutions.
8. Organic Chemistry & the Study of Carbon Compound Life Forms
Organic chemistry is the study of carbon-containing compounds. This lesson will explore why carbon is such an important element, and how organic chemistry is related to your life.
9. Chemical Bonds I: Covalent
Mom always said that sharing is caring. This lesson will explore how electrons affect the chemical reactivity of atoms and specifically the merits of sharing electrons.
10. Electronic Displacements in Covalent Bonds
In this lesson, we discuss four different types of electronic displacements in covalent bonds: inductive effects, resonance, hyperconjugation, and electromeric effects. We will discuss how these effects influence molecular stability and chemical reactivity.
11. Electrophile: Definition & Examples
Electrophilic atoms or molecules are on a constant hunt for electron pairs. Discover what an electrophile is, its role in electrophilic addition, and examples of electrophiles. Test your electrophile expertise by taking a quiz at the end of the lesson.
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Other chapters within the National Eligibility Test (AIPMT): Study Guide course
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- Working with Vectors
- Kinematics Overview
- Laws of Motion Overview
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- Systems of Particles and Rigid Body Dynamics
- Orbital Mechanics
- Properties of Bulk Matter
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- Electronic Components
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- Optics & Light
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- Properties of Gases and Liquids
- Thermodynamics Overview
- Equilibrium & Reactions
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- Properties of p-Block Elements
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