Ch 19: Foundations of Chemistry & Organic Chemistry

About This Chapter

The short and engaging lessons in this chapter simplify the process of understanding the foundations of chemistry and organic chemistry. Review these lessons anytime and take accompanying quizzes to ensure you're prepared for an upcoming test, assignment or project.

Foundations of Chemistry & Organic Chemistry - Chapter Summary

This comprehensive overview is designed to make sure you fully understand the foundations of chemistry and organic chemistry. Closely examine this chapter's entertaining lessons to enhance your knowledge of atomic and molar mass, stoichiometry, combination reaction and much more. When finished, you will have the knowledge to:

  • Define and discuss the history and branches of chemistry
  • Discuss the basics of early atomic theory
  • Share the definition of combination reaction, and explain how compounds and molecules are built from elements
  • Provide the definitions of atomic mass and molar mass
  • Make stoichiometric calculations with gases
  • Describe the importance of carbon and how organic chemistry relates to everyday life
  • Exhibit an understanding of chemical bonds and electronic displacement in covalent bonds
  • Detail the role of the electrophile in electrophilic addition

The flexibility of this chapter enables you to tailor your study of the foundations of chemistry and organic chemistry to your unique schedule. In addition to around-the-clock accessibility, you can access lessons and other resources from any computer or mobile device with an Internet connection. Review the lessons in any sequence and as many times as you desire. Multiple-choice quizzes are available to assess your comprehension of the lessons you review. If you have questions about any topics covered in this chapter, feel free to submit them to our experts.

11 Lessons in Chapter 19: Foundations of Chemistry & Organic Chemistry
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What is Chemistry? - Definition, History & Branches

1. What is Chemistry? - Definition, History & Branches

Known as the central science, chemistry is integral to our understanding of the natural world around us. In this lesson, you'll be introduced to the field of chemistry, learning about its history and its modern applications.

Early Atomic Theory: Dalton, Thomson, Rutherford and Millikan

2. Early Atomic Theory: Dalton, Thomson, Rutherford and Millikan

Imagine firing a bullet at a piece of tissue paper and having it bounce back at you! You would probably be just as surprised as Rutherford when he discovered the nucleus. In this lesson, we are going to travel back in time and discuss some of the major discoveries in the history of the atom.

Combination Reaction: Definition & Examples

3. Combination Reaction: Definition & Examples

There many types of chemical reactions. In a combination reaction, you can predict the product if you know what goes into it. Find out more about combination reactions and see some examples.

How Compounds and Molecules Are Built From Elements

4. How Compounds and Molecules Are Built From Elements

Did you know that elements are somewhat like people and have different personalities? Some elements like to be left alone. Others prefer to hang out with friends. We'll discuss how elements build molecules and compounds and how these can be classified.

What is Atomic Mass? - Definition & Examples

5. What is Atomic Mass? - Definition & Examples

Atomic mass is a characteristic of an atom that is a measure of its size. It is plays a major role in the chemical properties of elements. This article discusses atomic mass and how it is calculated.

What is Molar Mass? - Definition, Formula & Examples

6. What is Molar Mass? - Definition, Formula & Examples

Compounds have mass, and this is what we call the molar mass. In this lesson, we will discuss the molar mass and go over examples on how to calculate it.

Stoichiometry: Calculating Relative Quantities in a Gas or Solution

7. Stoichiometry: Calculating Relative Quantities in a Gas or Solution

In this lesson, learn about molar volume and how to set up and make stoichiometric calculations with gases. Then learn about solution stoichiometry and how to make stoichiometric calculations with solutions.

Organic Chemistry & the Study of Carbon Compound Life Forms

8. Organic Chemistry & the Study of Carbon Compound Life Forms

Organic chemistry is the study of carbon-containing compounds. This lesson will explore why carbon is such an important element, and how organic chemistry is related to your life.

Chemical Bonds I: Covalent

9. Chemical Bonds I: Covalent

Mom always said that sharing is caring. This lesson will explore how electrons affect the chemical reactivity of atoms and specifically the merits of sharing electrons.

Electronic Displacements in Covalent Bonds

10. Electronic Displacements in Covalent Bonds

In this lesson, we discuss four different types of electronic displacements in covalent bonds: inductive effects, resonance, hyperconjugation, and electromeric effects. We will discuss how these effects influence molecular stability and chemical reactivity.

Electrophile: Definition & Examples

11. Electrophile: Definition & Examples

Electrophilic atoms or molecules are on a constant hunt for electron pairs. Discover what an electrophile is, its role in electrophilic addition, and examples of electrophiles. Test your electrophile expertise by taking a quiz at the end of the lesson.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Support