About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Foundations of Society chapter to fit into a school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topic||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
What constitutes culture?
|Definition of culture, differences between material and nonmaterial cultures, meaning of culture, society and nature;|
Symbols, values, languages and values
|Tuesday|| Subsets of culture;|
|High culture, popular culture, counterculture, multiculturalism;|
Differences in ideal and real culture, definitions of ethnocentrism and cultural relativism
|Wednesday|| Cultural analysis;|
|Three theories regarding the analysis of culture;|
Definition of socialization and how it differs from social isolation
|Thursday|| Agents of socialization;|
Social interaction theory
|Means of socialization such as family, schools and the mass media;|
Definition of status, what is meant by ascribed, achieved and master status
|Friday|| Social roles;|
Presentation of self
|Types of social roles, such as role set and role strain;|
Ways to present the self, including nonverbal communication and idealization
1. Agents of Socialization: Family, Schools, Peers and Media
The socialization that we receive in childhood has a lasting effect on our ability to interact with others in society. In this lesson, we identify and discuss four of the most influential agents of socialization in childhood: family, school, peers, and media.
2. Cultural Analysis: Theoretical Approaches
In this lesson, we cover three theoretical approaches used by sociologists to analyze culture: structural-functional theory, social-conflict theory, and sociobiology. We define and discuss each theory, along with examples.
3. Cultural Subsets: High Culture, Popular Culture, Subculture, Counterculture & Multiculturalism
In this lesson, we identify several categories of cultures that can exist within a large culture. We define and discuss subcultures, high culture versus popular culture, and countercultures. We also discuss the view of multiculturalism in the U.S.
4. Elements of Culture: Explanation of the Major Elements That Define Culture
Culture combines many elements to create a unique way of living for different people. In this lesson, we identify four of the elements that exist in every culture, albeit in different forms: symbols, language, values, and norms. We also differentiate between folkways and mores.
5. Perceptions of Culture: Ideal Culture and Real Culture, Ethnocentrism, & Culture Relativism
The way we perceive culture - both our own and that of others - is affected by many things. In this lesson, we define and discuss the difference between perceptions of ideal culture and real culture. We also examine ethnocentrism and compare it to the idea of culture relativism.
6. Presentation of Self: Methods to Presenting The Self
All of us like to present ourselves to others as someone who is likable and successful. In this lesson, we discuss the concept of dramaturgical analysis as proposed by Erving Goffman. We also talk about the practice of idealization and how nonverbal communication can sometimes sabotage our presentation efforts.
7. Social Interaction Theory: Ascribed, Achieved & Master Status
In this lesson, we discuss social interaction theory, putting particular emphasis on the concept of social statuses. We identify and define several types of statuses, including ascribed, achieved, and master status.
8. Social Roles: Definition and Types of Social Roles
This lesson focuses on the roles that society socially constructs. We define social roles and identify examples. We also examine types of social roles and what can happen with them, including role conflict, role strain, and role exit.
9. Socialization and Social Isolation: Definition & Case Studies
Interestingly, socialization seems to be the process that makes us act human. Here, we define socialization and discuss its importance to human development. We also contrast it to social isolation and discuss several case studies regarding what happens when humans don't or can't socialize.
10. What Is Culture? - Material and Nonmaterial Culture
Culture is a huge topic of study for sociologists. In this lesson, we define culture and distinguish between material and nonmaterial culture. As culture, nation, and society are often used interchangeably, we also distinguish between these three concepts.
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Other chapters within the Intro to Sociology Syllabus Resource & Lesson Plans course
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