About This Chapter
Frames of Reference & Models in Occupational Therapy - Chapter Summary
Use this chapter to get a clearer picture of the foundations of occupational therapy approaches and beliefs. You will find in-depth information about relevant theories and definitions covering behavior modification, psychodynamics, sensory integration, cognitive therapies and more.
Text and video lessons present examples and definitions to clarify this material, reinforcing your understanding of OT techniques and intervention methods in various therapies. Once you have finished your review of this chapter, you should be able to:
- Recognize the main elements of Gary Keilhofner's Model of Human Occupation and the Person Environment Occupational Performance Model
- Define and explain the theory of psychodynamics
- Understand the application of the psychodynamic model in the study of abnormal functioning
- Detail the principles of Gail Fidler's Lifestyle Performance Model identifying human needs and performance measurement
- Explain the use of Ann Mosey's Role Acquisition in occupational therapy
- Discuss elements of Claudia Allen's Cognitive Disabilities Model and cognitive and cognitive-behavioral therapies
- Provide details about behavior modification and relevant techniques used in occupational therapy
- Describe sensory integration evaluation and intervention methods and techniques used in person-centered therapy
Complex theories and methods are explained in simple terms by expert instructors so you can ensure you have a full understanding of this material once you complete your study of this chapter. Lessons can be accessed 24/7 so you can conveniently fit your studies into your work or school schedule. Self-assessment quizzes are helpful tools you can use to determine how much you have learned and retained from each lesson.
1. Model of Human Occupation (MOHO): Definition & Elements
The Model of Human Occupation (MOHO) is a client-centered conceptual model used in occupational therapy. This lesson defines the principles of MOHO and explores the three elements of humans that explain occupational behavior in the model.
2. Person Environment Occupational Performance Model: Definition & Elements
The Person Environmental Occupational Performance (PEOP) Model can be used as a guide to properly treat a patient in occupational therapy. Learn all about the PEOP Model, including the four main elements that make up this model.
3. Psychodynamics: Definition & Theory
Psychodynamics has been a popular set of theories in psychology since emerging from Europe in the 19th century. Through this lesson, you will learn how to define psychodynamics and explore some of the more prominent theories that comprise the psychodynamic approach to psychology.
4. The Psychodynamic Model and Abnormal Functioning
There are many ways to view the causes and treatments of psychological disorders. In this lesson, we'll look closer at the psychodynamic model of psychology and its benefits and drawbacks.
5. Lifestyle Performance Model: Definition & Domains
The lifestyle performance model is a holistic approach to the study and practice of occupational therapy. In this lesson, we explore the principles of the model and the four major domains by which lifestyle performance can be measured.
6. Role Acquisition: Definition, Uses & Categories
This lesson explores the role acquisition frame of reference in occupational therapy. We examine the principles of role acquisition and its seven categories of function and dysfunction.
7. Cognitive Disabilities Model: Definition & Levels
In this lesson, you will learn how the cognitive disabilities model is used to assess people with dementia, and how the model helps caregivers predict patient's abilities and plan activities for them. Therapists use this model, outlined by the Allen Cognitive Levels, to help their patients succeed in their daily lives.
8. Cognitive and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies
Thought processes, emotions, and behaviors - oh my! Does the way we process information affect our emotional health and reactions to the world around us?
9. What Is Behavior Modification? - Definition, Techniques & Examples
How did you learn right from wrong, and what influenced you to form these behaviors? In this lesson, we will explore how factors in our environment work together to determine how we behave.
10. Sensory Integration in OT: Evaluation & Intervention
Sensory integration has to do with how people process input from their different senses. This lesson discusses how sensory integration is evaluated and treated in the overall context of occupational therapy.
11. Person-Centered Therapy: Goals & Techniques
What are the goals and techniques used in person-centered therapy? Why is the client/counselor relationship important? Answer these questions and learn more in this lesson.
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Other chapters within the NBCOT COTA Exam: Test Prep & Study Guide course
- Prenatal & Infant Development
- Childhood & Adolescent Development
- Types of Development in Adults
- Understanding Atypical Development
- General Medical Conditions & Vocabulary
- Neurological Conditions
- Musculoskeletal Conditions
- Evaluations in Occupational Therapy
- Developing OT Treatment Plans
- Advocating for OT Client & Community Needs
- Implementation of OT Treatment Plans
- Groups in Occupational Therapy
- Feeding & Eating Skills for Occupational Therapy
- Orthotic & Prosthetic Devices
- Using Assistive Technology
- Environmental Accessibility
- Professional Development in Occupational Therapy
- Laws & Regulations in Occupational Therapy
- Ethics & Safety in Occupational Therapy