About This Chapter
FSA - Grade 8 ELA: Conventions of Standard English - Chapter Summary
This chapter is composed of a series of lesson videos taught by our professional instructors. In them, our instructors will explain a few of the important rules of writing in standard English. Following these lessons, your eighth grader should have a firm understanding of:
- Functions of gerunds, participles and infinitives
- Verb forms and verb tense
- Gerund, participle and prepositional phrases
- Active vs. passive voice
- Verb voice and mood
- Capitalization rules
- Punctuation rules
- Sentence structure
A student who has access to an internet- ready mobile device can take these lessons with them. Following these lesson videos, they can reinforce their retention of the information presented by reading the lesson transcripts. Students can test their understanding of the material from these lessons by taking the lesson quizzes. The video tags let them quickly return to specific parts of the lessons for review.
FSA - Grade 8 ELA: Conventions of Standard English Objectives
The Florida Standards Assessment (FSA) - Grade 8 English Language Arts (ELA) exam is a computer-based achievement exam that determines if students are at grade level in the English language arts. The exam includes a series of multiple-choice questions, open-response questions and technology-enhanced items.
Of the material covered by this exam, 15-25% will be about the reporting category of Key Ideas and Details, and another 15-25% falls in the reporting category of Language and Editing. Your student can use this chapter to prepare for some of the questions in these categories that will test understanding of standard English conventions.
1. Functions of Verbals: Gerunds, Participles, and Infinitives
Sometimes verbs are cleverly masked as different parts of speech and are known as 'verbals.' In this lesson, we will learn the function of verbals (gerunds, participles, and infinitives) and look at how they operate in different types of sentences.
2. Gerunds: Are They Verbs? Are They Nouns?
Take a closer look at the verbs and nouns we use in everyday language to help you understand gerunds. Watch this video lesson to learn the exact nature of gerunds and their purpose in writing.
3. Gerunds: Verbs That End in -ing
What is a gerund, and how are gerunds used? In this lesson, we'll go over how to spot a gerund and the different ways they're used by identifying them through examples and discussing their four forms.
4. Gerund: Phrases & Examples
What is a gerund? What is a gerund phrase? How do I use them in my writing? Watch this lesson to find out how to use this useful and versatile part of speech in your writing.
5. Verb Forms: Participles & Infinitives
Using verbs correctly involves knowing more than just how to express action in a sentence. This lesson will show you a few special types of verb forms - infinitives, present participles, and past participles - as well as how to use them.
6. Types of Phrases: Gerund, Participial, Prepositional & More
The writing of a sentence begins with a phrase. In this lesson, we will discuss the definition of a phrase, the different types of phrases, and how knowing what a phrase is will improve your writing.
7. Active and Passive Voice
You may have heard your teachers toss around the terms 'passive voice' and 'active voice'. But if you've never really understood what it means to write actively or passively, stick with us -- and learn how to turn to awkward passive sentences into bright, active ones.
8. Identifying Errors of Verb Tense
In order to identify verb tense errors, you'll need to learn about the six verb tenses and how they differ. Once you know how to look for them, problematic shifts in verb tenses can be spotted and avoided easily.
9. Verbs in Indicative, Imperative, Interrogative, Conditional & Subjunctive Moods
Every sentence communicates a mood. If someone is ordering you to do something, he or she is using an imperative sentence. Find out how to identify and use indicative, imperative, interrogative, conditional and subjunctive moods in this lesson.
10. Inappropriate Shifts in Verb Voice and Mood
If a person's attitude or tone of voice is constantly changing, he or she can be hard to read or understand. This can be applied to how we write. To communicate clearly, we need to recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in verb voice and mood.
11. Capitalization Rules in Writing
Capitalization is a very important concept in standard grammar in the written form of the English language. Watch this video lesson to learn what capitalization is and when to use it.
12. Commas: Correct Usage & Basic Rules
Think that you know commas? You may be surprised. Even the most experienced writers have problems remembering all the rules. Learn the basics of comma usage in this first of two lessons on the comma.
13. The Purposes of the Ellipsis and Dashes
In this lesson, we will learn when and how to use ellipses, en dashes and em dashes. These can be used to indicate a pause or a break in text. Ellipses can also be used to indicate an omission of text.
14. Commonly Confused Words in English
Is it 'accept' or 'except?' 'Affect' or 'effect?' How do you know when to use 'there,' 'their,' or 'they're?' Watch this video lesson to learn about some confusing words in English and how to properly use each one.
15. Complete Sentence: Examples & Definition
Although it seems simple, writing in complete sentences is a necessity that can trip up even seasoned writers. In this lesson, we will examine how to write in a complete sentence and why it is so important.
16. Sentence Agreement: Avoiding Faulty Collective Ownership
A common error occurs whenever a writer uses wording that suggests that a lot of people own or use just one thing, when really they all own or use their own separate things. This video will explain how to identify and fix this type of error.
17. Varied Sentence Structure in Writing
Learn the meaning of sentence structure and the importance of varying sentence structure in writing in this lesson. Four strategies to help you vary your sentence structure will also be described.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the FSA - Grade 8 ELA: Test Prep & Practice course
- FSA - Grade 8 ELA: Key Ideas in Literature
- FSA - Grade 8 ELA: Understanding Diction & Tone
- FSA - Grade 8 ELA: Acquiring & Using Vocabulary
- FSA - Grade 8 ELA: Interpreting Literature
- FSA - Grade 8 ELA: Craft & Structure in Literature
- FSA - Grade 8 ELA: Comparing Literary Genres
- FSA - Grade 8 ELA: Key Ideas in Informational Text
- FSA - Grade 8 ELA: Structure in Informational Text
- FSA - Grade 8 ELA: Analyzing Informational Text
- FSA - Grade 8 ELA: Argumentative Writing
- FSA - Grade 8 ELA: Informative Writing
- FSA - Grade 8 ELA: Narrative Writing
- FSA - Grade 8 ELA: Writing Clearly & Effectively
- FSA - Grade 8 ELA: Revising & Editing Written Work
- FSA - Grade 8 ELA: Effective Research Skills
- FSA - Grade 8 ELA: Collaborative Communication
- FSA - Grade 8 ELA: Public Speaking Skills
- FSA - Grade 8 ELA Flashcards