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Ch 18: FTCE Biology: Genetic Principles, Processes & Applications

About This Chapter

In order to be certified in the state of Florida as a 6th through 12th grade teacher of biology, you need to pass the Florida Teacher Certification Examination (FTCE) Biology 6-12. As part of your preparation for this exam, watch the video lessons in this chapter that discusses genetic structures, Mendel's laws, human genetics and genetic research methods.

FTCE Biology: Genetic Principles, Processes & Application - Chapter Summary

As you watch these video lessons, in preparation for the FTCE Biology 6-12, expert instructors will introduce you to the study of genetics, give you an overview of the alleles and chromosomes that make our genetic code and describe the study of human genetics. By watching these videos you should gain a stronger understanding of:

  • The properties of alleles
  • Mendel's first and second laws
  • Effects of codominant and incomplete dominant alleles
  • Traits linked to or limited by sex
  • Chromosome structures
  • Human genetics research methods

In addition to these video lessons, this chapter includes quizzes and worksheets that will further aid you as you learn or review the material presented in this chapter. Before taking the FTCE Biology 6-12, use the lesson quizzes to help you determine what topics you may still want to review, then use the video timelines to go directly to those topics in the video lessons. If you wish to read an entire lesson instead, you'll find that lesson transcripts are available. Instructors are also available to answer any questions you may have.

FTCE Biology 6-12: Genetic Principles, Processes & Application Objectives

The FTCE Biology 6-12 is the exam used to certify biology teachers who want to teach 6th through 12th grade biology in the state of Florida. It is a computer-based test composed of 120 multiple-choice questions, which test takers are given two hours and 30 minutes to complete. Of the 120 questions on the test, 11% are on genetic principles, processes and applications. This chapter can help you prepare for these questions by giving you an overview of genetics, reviewing the genetic structures that make our genes, explaining Mendel's laws and describing genetic research methodology.

7 Lessons in Chapter 18: FTCE Biology: Genetic Principles, Processes & Applications
Genetics: Heredity, Traits & Chromosomes

1. Genetics: Heredity, Traits & Chromosomes

We view manipulation of genes in our crops and livestock as a recent development. Yet, man has been manipulating the genetic makeup of his food for thousands of years through cultivation and breeding. This lesson will begin to help you understand how genetics works.

Properties of Alleles

2. Properties of Alleles

What is a dominant phenotype and how will it affect Adrian's flying hamster research? Tune in as he studies homozygous and heterozygous genotypes and the phenotypes they produce.

Exceptions to Simple Dominance: Codominance and Incomplete Dominance

3. Exceptions to Simple Dominance: Codominance and Incomplete Dominance

Have you ever wondered what it means if someone is a universal donor or acceptor of blood? See how genetic interactions play a key role in this trait.

Exceptions to Independent Assortment: Sex Linked and Sex Limited Traits

4. Exceptions to Independent Assortment: Sex Linked and Sex Limited Traits

More men are color blind compared women. But often, not every brother, cousin or uncle in a family tree is color blind. Why not? How can genetics explain this seemingly complex inheritance pattern?

Crossing Over & Gene Linkage: Definition, Importance & Results

5. Crossing Over & Gene Linkage: Definition, Importance & Results

During this latest development of his flying hamster experiments, Adrian must learn about linked genes and recombinant chromosomes to unlock the mystery of the fire-breathing hamster. In this lesson, you'll look at another exception to Mendel's law of independent assortment.

Human Genetics: Multifactorial Traits & Model Organisms

6. Human Genetics: Multifactorial Traits & Model Organisms

How do we study human genetics when most traits arise from multiple genes? It's certainly more complicated that drawing a simple Punnett square. Never fear, for model organisms are here!

Human Genetics Research Methods: Pedigrees and Population Genetics

7. Human Genetics Research Methods: Pedigrees and Population Genetics

Have you ever wondered how people study human genetics? Do you know what a pedigree or a complex disease is? In this lesson you'll learn about some of the techniques that human geneticists use and what pedigrees and complex diseases have to do with human genetics.

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