Ch 17: FTCE Biology: The Transcription & Translation Process

About This Chapter

Biology teachers in the state of Florida are required to take the Florida Teacher Certification Examination (FTCE) Biology 6-12 for certification. In preparation for this exam, watch these engaging videos on cellular protein synthesis, the role of nucleic acids and the cell organelles involved in the processes.

FTCE Biology: The Transcription & Translation Process - Chapter Summary

Expert instructors will help you prepare for the FTCE Biology 6-12 through a series of lesson videos covering the steps in cellular protein synthesis, the roles of messenger RNA (mRNA) and DNA, the organelles involved in protein synthesis and protein structures. These instructors are also available to answer any questions you may have on any of these topics. Following these lesson videos, you should be familiar with:

  • Central Dogma and protein synthesis
  • Transcription between mRNA and DNA
  • Gene expression and how it is regulated
  • Operon in prokaryotic cells
  • RNA processing in eukaryotic cells
  • Genetic code
  • Functions of ribosomes
  • Peptide bonds
  • The translation process from mRNA to protein

In addition to the videos, this chapter has lesson worksheets and quizzes to help you master the material before taking the FTCE Biology 6-12. The quizzes can also assist you in identifying areas you may not have a firm understanding of. Review these areas using the timelines that take you to key topics covered in each of the video lessons. Lesson transcripts are also available if you prefer to read over an entire lesson.

FTCE Biology 6-12: The Transcription & Translation Process Objectives

For 6th through 12th grade biology teachers in the state of Florida, the FTCE Biology 6-12 is an important part of getting certification. This computer-based certification exam gives test takers two hours and 30 minutes to answer approximately 120 multiple-choice questions. Of these questions, 7% are on the interactions between cell structures and functions and 11% are on genetics. This chapter can help you get ready for related questions in both of these areas.

7 Lessons in Chapter 17: FTCE Biology: The Transcription & Translation Process
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Protein Synthesis in the Cell and the Central Dogma

1. Protein Synthesis in the Cell and the Central Dogma

Learn the story of the central dogma and how it relates to protein synthesis. We'll use a simple analogy to explore the roles of transcription and translation in building protein from the DNA code. In this lesson, we'll also introduce the concept of a gene.

Transcription of Messenger RNA (mRNA) from DNA

2. Transcription of Messenger RNA (mRNA) from DNA

In this lesson, you will gain a thorough understanding of how transcription works. We will investigate how DNA is transcribed into RNA with the help of a promoter and RNA polymerase. Learn the purpose of messenger RNA and explore the three phases of transcription.

Regulation of Gene Expression: Transcriptional Repression and Induction

3. Regulation of Gene Expression: Transcriptional Repression and Induction

Do our genes work the same way all the time? How do we regulate the expression of our genes? Explore the various ways organisms control gene transcription through repression and induction of operons.

How An Operon Controls Transcription in a Prokaryotic Cell

4. How An Operon Controls Transcription in a Prokaryotic Cell

Is gene regulation really as simple as flipping a switch? What are the parts of an operon, and how do they function to control gene transcription? We'll study the lac operon to answer these questions.

RNA Processing in a Eukaryotic Cell: Splicing of Introns & Exons

5. RNA Processing in a Eukaryotic Cell: Splicing of Introns & Exons

In this lesson, we'll explore the unique considerations for gene regulation in the eukaryotic cell. We'll walk through RNA splicing of introns and exons and the addition of the 5' cap and poly(A) tail.

The Role of Ribosomes and Peptide Bonds in Genetic Translation

6. The Role of Ribosomes and Peptide Bonds in Genetic Translation

Ribosomes play a major role in the process of genetic translation. In this lesson, learn about the structure of ribosomes and how peptide bonds help to create chains of amino acids.

Translation of mRNA to Protein: Initiation, Elongation & Termination Steps

7. Translation of mRNA to Protein: Initiation, Elongation & Termination Steps

Translation, the second part of the central dogma of molecular biology, describes how the genetic code is used to make amino acid chains. In this lesson, explore the mechanics involved in polypeptide synthesis. Learn the three major steps of translation as you watch tRNA, mRNA, and ribosomes go to work.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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