About This Chapter
FTCE Biology: The Transcription & Translation Process - Chapter Summary
Expert instructors will help you prepare for the FTCE Biology 6-12 through a series of lesson videos covering the steps in cellular protein synthesis, the roles of messenger RNA (mRNA) and DNA, the organelles involved in protein synthesis and protein structures. These instructors are also available to answer any questions you may have on any of these topics. Following these lesson videos, you should be familiar with:
- Central Dogma and protein synthesis
- Transcription between mRNA and DNA
- Gene expression and how it is regulated
- Operon in prokaryotic cells
- RNA processing in eukaryotic cells
- Genetic code
- Functions of ribosomes
- Peptide bonds
- The translation process from mRNA to protein
In addition to the videos, this chapter has lesson worksheets and quizzes to help you master the material before taking the FTCE Biology 6-12. The quizzes can also assist you in identifying areas you may not have a firm understanding of. Review these areas using the timelines that take you to key topics covered in each of the video lessons. Lesson transcripts are also available if you prefer to read over an entire lesson.
FTCE Biology 6-12: The Transcription & Translation Process Objectives
For 6th through 12th grade biology teachers in the state of Florida, the FTCE Biology 6-12 is an important part of getting certification. This computer-based certification exam gives test takers two hours and 30 minutes to answer approximately 120 multiple-choice questions. Of these questions, 7% are on the interactions between cell structures and functions and 11% are on genetics. This chapter can help you get ready for related questions in both of these areas.
1. Protein Synthesis in the Cell and the Central Dogma
Learn the story of the central dogma and how it relates to protein synthesis. We'll use a simple analogy to explore the roles of transcription and translation in building protein from the DNA code. In this lesson, we'll also introduce the concept of a gene.
2. Transcription of Messenger RNA (mRNA) from DNA
In this lesson, you will gain a thorough understanding of how transcription works. We will investigate how DNA is transcribed into RNA with the help of a promoter and RNA polymerase. Learn the purpose of messenger RNA and explore the three phases of transcription.
3. Regulation of Gene Expression: Transcriptional Repression and Induction
Do our genes work the same way all the time? How do we regulate the expression of our genes? Explore the various ways organisms control gene transcription through repression and induction of operons.
4. How An Operon Controls Transcription in a Prokaryotic Cell
Is gene regulation really as simple as flipping a switch? What are the parts of an operon, and how do they function to control gene transcription? We'll study the lac operon to answer these questions.
5. RNA Processing in a Eukaryotic Cell: Splicing of Introns & Exons
In this lesson, we'll explore the unique considerations for gene regulation in the eukaryotic cell. We'll walk through RNA splicing of introns and exons and the addition of the 5' cap and poly(A) tail.
6. The Role of Ribosomes and Peptide Bonds in Genetic Translation
Ribosomes play a major role in the process of genetic translation. In this lesson, learn about the structure of ribosomes and how peptide bonds help to create chains of amino acids.
7. Translation of mRNA to Protein: Initiation, Elongation & Termination Steps
Translation, the second part of the central dogma of molecular biology, describes how the genetic code is used to make amino acid chains. In this lesson, explore the mechanics involved in polypeptide synthesis. Learn the three major steps of translation as you watch tRNA, mRNA, and ribosomes go to work.
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Other chapters within the FTCE Biology Grades 6-12 (002): Practice & Study Guide course
- About the FTCE Biology Grades 6-12 Test
- FTCE Biology: Basic Laboratory Concepts & Measurement
- FTCE Biology: Lab & Field Study Techniques
- FTCE Biology: Research Methods
- FTCE Biology: Science, Technology & Society
- FTCE Biology: Inorganic Compounds
- FTCE Biology: Organic Compounds
- FTCE Biology: Nucleic Acids
- FTCE Biology: Enzymes
- FTCE Biology: Metabolic Biochemistry
- FTCE Biology: Cell Biology
- FTCE Biology: Plant Cells
- FTCE Biology: Cell Communication
- FTCE Biology: Requirements of Biological Systems
- FTCE Biology: Cell Cycle & Division
- FTCE Biology: DNA Replication
- FTCE Biology: Genetic Principles, Processes & Applications
- FTCE Biology: Genetic Mutations
- FTCE Biology: Prokaryotic Organisms & Viruses
- FTCE Biology: Protists, Fungi & Plant Biology
- FTCE Biology: Plant Reproduction & Growth
- FTCE Biology: Evolution & Social Behavior of Animals
- FTCE Biology: Human Body Systems
- FTCE Biology: The Nervous, Immune & Endocrine Systems
- FTCE Biology: Reproduction & Development
- FTCE Biology: Human Reproductive Systems
- FTCE Biology: Ecological Principles & Processes
- FTCE Biology: The Origin of Life on Earth
- FTCE Biology: Evolution
- FTCE Biology Grades 6-12 Flashcards