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Ch 9: FTCE Chemistry: Bonding & Molecular Structure

About This Chapter

Bonding and molecular structure branch into a wealth of information for students to digest in the classroom. This is your chance to review all of the bonding and structure concepts that will be included on the FTCE Chemistry Exam.

FTCE Chemistry: Bonding & Molecular Structure - Chapter Summary

The Bonding & Molecular Structure portion of this FTCE Chemistry course will go over an array of topics that will be seen on the exam. The video lessons focus on various bonds from chemical and covalent to hydrogen and metallic bonding. You will also get a refresher on molecular structure as well as other topics that will include the following:

  • The octet rule
  • Lewis dot structures
  • Covalent compounds and covalent bonds
  • Ions and ionic compounds
  • VSEPR theory
  • Hydrogen bonding
  • London dispersion forces
  • Orbital hybridization
  • Molecular orbital theory
  • Intramolecular bonding
  • Organic molecules
  • Functional groups

The material included in this area of the FTCE Chemistry course is meant to steer you in the direction of the kinds of questions you will be answering during the FTCE exam. Self-assessment quizzes are available for you to evaluate your progress and determine whether there are any concepts to which you need to pay special attention; if so, a team of expert instructors is available to answer any of your questions that may come up during your studies.

17 Lessons in Chapter 9: FTCE Chemistry: Bonding & Molecular Structure
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Overview of Chemical Bonds

1. Overview of Chemical Bonds

Learn about the most common kinds of chemical bonds: ionic, covalent, polar covalent, and metallic. Discover how they form and why they hold together. Take a quiz and see how much knowledge you've held onto.

The Octet Rule and Lewis Structures of Atoms

2. The Octet Rule and Lewis Structures of Atoms

Learn the octet rule and how it applies to electron energy levels. Identify valence electrons and learn how to determine them by looking at the periodic table. Also, discover how they pertain to the octet rule. Learn how to draw the Lewis diagram of an atom, and understand how it provides clues to chemical bonding.

Lewis Dot Structures

3. Lewis Dot Structures

Although drawing dots around elements sounds pretty straight forward, Lewis dots are a little more complicated. This lesson will explain how to draw Lewis dots for single, double, and triple bonds, as well as polyatomic ions.

Ions: Predicting Formation, Charge, and Formulas of Ions

4. Ions: Predicting Formation, Charge, and Formulas of Ions

Learn how ions are formed using the octet rule. Use the periodic table to predict the charge an atom will have when it becomes an ion. Learn whether an ion is a cation or anion and how to write the formula depending on what charge the ion has.

What Are Ionic Compounds? - Definition, Examples & Reactions

5. What Are Ionic Compounds? - Definition, Examples & Reactions

Ionic compounds are a common, yet special type of chemical compound. In this video lesson, you will learn about their formation and structure and see examples of compounds formed by ions.

Writing Ionic Compound Formulas: Binary & Polyatomic Compounds

6. Writing Ionic Compound Formulas: Binary & Polyatomic Compounds

In this lesson, you will learn how to write the chemical formulas for both binary ionic compounds and polyatomic ionic compounds when you are given only the name of the compound. You will see that it is actually quite simple when you learn the steps described in this lesson.

Covalent Compounds: Properties, Naming & Formation

7. Covalent Compounds: Properties, Naming & Formation

Learn about covalent bonds, how covalent compounds are formed and the properties inherent to covalent compounds, such as low melting and boiling points, in this lesson. Also, learn what rules to follow to name simple covalent compounds.

Covalent Bonds: Predicting Bond Polarity and Ionic Character

8. Covalent Bonds: Predicting Bond Polarity and Ionic Character

Learn about covalent bonds and their two types: nonpolar covalent bonds and polar covalent bonds. Discover how to predict the type of bond that will form based on the periodic table. Learn what ionic character means and how to determine it.

VSEPR Theory & Molecule Shapes

9. VSEPR Theory & Molecule Shapes

In this lesson, you'll learn about the VSEPR theory and how it can be used to explain molecule shapes. Then, learn how to predict the shape of a molecule by applying the VSEPR theory to the Lewis dot structure.

Hydrogen Bonding, Dipole-Dipole & Ion-Dipole Forces: Strong Intermolecular Forces

10. Hydrogen Bonding, Dipole-Dipole & Ion-Dipole Forces: Strong Intermolecular Forces

Learn about intermolecular vs. intramolecular forces. Learn the different intermolecular bonds (including hydrogen bonding and dipole-dipole and ion-dipole forces), their strengths, and their effects on properties, such as boiling and melting points, solubility, and evaporation.

London Dispersion Forces (Van Der Waals Forces): Weak Intermolecular Forces

11. London Dispersion Forces (Van Der Waals Forces): Weak Intermolecular Forces

Learn how London dispersion forces are created and what effect they have on properties such as boiling and melting points. Discover this weak intermolecular force and how it is one of the Van der Waals forces.

Using Orbital Hybridization and Valence Bond Theory to Predict Molecular Shape

12. Using Orbital Hybridization and Valence Bond Theory to Predict Molecular Shape

You'll learn how to explain how shapes of molecules can be predicted using valence bond theory and hybridization. When finished, you'll understand the difference between sigma and pi bonds and how the VSEPR theory, along with the hybridization theory, helps predict the shape of a molecule.

Molecular Orbital Theory: Tutorial and Diagrams

13. Molecular Orbital Theory: Tutorial and Diagrams

Learn how to sketch the overlap of orbitals to form sigma and pi bonds. Use the molecular orbital theory to determine bond order. Discover how bond order affects bond strength and bond energy.

Metallic Bonding: The Electron-Sea Model & Why Metals Are Good Electrical Conductors

14. Metallic Bonding: The Electron-Sea Model & Why Metals Are Good Electrical Conductors

Learn why metallic bonding is called the electron sea model. Discover why metals bond the way they do and why they are shiny, malleable and conduct electricity well.

Intramolecular Bonding and Identification of Organic and Inorganic Macromolecules

15. Intramolecular Bonding and Identification of Organic and Inorganic Macromolecules

Understand what a macromolecule is and be able to identify both organic and inorganic macromolecules. Organic molecules include proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and nucleic acids.

Organic Molecules: Alkanes, Alkenes, Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Isomers

16. Organic Molecules: Alkanes, Alkenes, Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Isomers

Learn more about carbon and hydrogen and see how these atoms come together to form distinct molecules. Also, study the difference between saturated and unsaturated molecules.

Functional Groups in Organic Molecules

17. Functional Groups in Organic Molecules

Learn what an organic compound is and how their functional groups affect them. Identify the different types of functional groups including alcohols, alkyl halides, ketones, aldehydes, ethers, carboxylic acids and esters.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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