About This Chapter
FTCE Humanities: Medieval Political & Economic Systems - Chapter Summary
As you look through this chapter on medieval political and economic systems, you will start to see what may appear on the FTCE Humanities exam. You then will be prepared for questions dealing with:
- Creation of the Byzantine Empire
- The Byzantine church
- Development of Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches
- Merovingian Dynasty and the history of the Franks
- Henry II, Philip Augustus, and Thomas Becket
- The Great Crusades
- The Magna Carta
- Peasant revolts across Europe in the 14th century
Video lessons in this chapter help you quickly review content that deals with medieval politics and economics. Revisit a topic in a lesson with ease by using our video tags. You can even access these study resources from your smartphone or tablet, letting you study for the exam wherever you are.
1. The Development of the Byzantine Empire
The word 'byzantine' is often used to mean something worthy of a spy movie. Learn more about the empire that earned every bit of that word, and how it lasted for more than a thousand years in this lesson.
2. The Byzantine Church: Characteristics, Empire & Icons
In this lesson, we explore the Christian Church in the Byzantine Empire, and the history of the issues the bishop in Constantinople had with other Christian bishops, especially in Rome.
3. Byzantine vs. Rome: Eastern Orthodox & Roman Catholic
The Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches developed largely in the same places as the Western Roman and Eastern Roman (or Byzantine) Empires. Coincidence? This lesson answers that question.
4. Frankish History: Clovis and the Merovingians
This lesson will focus on Clovis and the rise and fall of the Merovingian Dynasty. It will highlight his unification of the Franks, his conversion to Catholicism, and the cultural advancements of the dynasty's rule.
5. Feudalism: Charlemagne and the Holy Roman Empire
This lesson explains the rule of Charlemagne and his control over the Holy Roman Empire. It highlights his many military conquests and his divine rights as king, while also focusing on the role feudalism played before, during, and after his reign.
6. Henry II of England and Philip Augustus of France
This lesson will explore the reigns of the Angevin Plantagenet kings of England, Henry II, Richard I, and John. It will also highlight their dealings with Philip Augustus of France.
7. Thomas Becket and the Constitutions of Clarendon
This lesson will explain the power struggle between Church and State in medieval England. It will focus on King Henry II, Thomas Becket, and the Constitutions of Clarendon.
8. The Great Crusades: History and Timeline
This lesson examines the utter failure of the later crusades. We look at some of the factors that led to this failure. We then have a glimpse at each of the major crusades abroad, as well as the political and heretical crusades in Europe.
9. The Magna Carta & The Constitutions of Clarendon: Definition & Significance
In the High Middle Ages, rulers fought for supreme power. This lesson explores two of the earliest documents to limit power of an authority figure, whether it was the pope or a king.
10. Fourteenth-Century Peasant Revolts Across Europe
Fourteenth-century Europe saw several peasant revolts. This lesson looks at the economic and political conditions that led to these uprisings and names two of the most well-known.
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