About This Chapter
FTCE Humanities: Religious Influences on Western Culture - Chapter Summary
This chapter supplies you with the tools necessary to ace the portion of the exam that deals with historical interactions between religion and western culture, making sure you're ready for all of the following topics:
- Monotheism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam
- Mohammed and the Islamic fait
- The Roman Catholic clergy
- The Dark Ages
- Religion and social change in Protestantism and liberation theology
- Christian humanism
- The art and architecture of the early Christian church
- The Hebrews and their beliefs
- The Jewish diaspora in the ancient world
- The Dome of the Rock
- The Torah
Each lesson will give you the chance to check your understanding of its content with a practice quiz that you can take and re-take as many times as you like. In addition to ensuring your comprehension, these quizzes will also help you become familiar with the variety of questions you'll be answering on the exam.
1. People of the Book: Comparing Judaism, Christianity and Islam
The religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are often seen as competing doctrines and faiths by observers and adherents. Yet, a summary investigation of their doctrines illustrates they have much in common. This lesson will examine these similarities in greater detail.
2. Monotheism: Islam, Judaism & Christianity
In this lesson, we define monotheism and identify three significant monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. We also discuss the ideology of each of these three religions.
3. Mohammed and the Birth of Islam
Out of the deserts of Arabia would come a man who would change the world. He was Mohammed, founder of the religion of Islam, and this lesson serves as a brief summary of his life and the founding of the religion of Islam.
4. Five Pillars of the Islamic Faith: Overview, the Quran & Sharia Law
The Five Pillars of Islam are the foundation of the world's second largest faith. They are characterized by a simplicity that encourages peaceful cooperation between people, which is one reason for the religion's widespread devotion. This lesson will detail each of the five and show how they relate to the daily lives of practicing Muslims.
5. Muslim Learning: Scientific, Artistic, Medical & Literary Accomplishments
The Abbasid caliphate (750-1258 CE) oversaw the Golden Age of Islam. Learn about the accomplishments of Muslim scholars in art, literature, science, medicine and mathematics during this time.
6. The Roman Catholic Clergy
This lesson will list and describe the different members of the Medieval clergy. Beginning at the lower levels and ending with the Pope, it will outline the duties of each office.
7. The Dark Ages: Loss of Classical Culture
This lesson explores the loss of classical culture during the Dark Ages. We compare the life of a medieval peasant to that of a Roman pleb. We then examine the causes of this decline, as well as its repercussions.
8. Religion and Social Change in Protestantism and Liberation Theology
Religion can, at times, be a powerful agent for social change. In this lesson, we discuss two examples of the dichotomy between religion and the secular world, including Max Weber's book, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, as well as the concept of liberation theology.
9. Christian Humanism: Definition & Role in the Renaissance
Christian Humanism was a Renaissance movement that combined a revived interest in the nature of humanity with the Christian faith. It impacted art, changed the focus of religious scholarship, shaped personal spirituality, and helped encourage the Protestant Reformation.
10. The Architecture of the Early Christian Church
In this lesson, we will examine the architecture of two styles of early Christian churches: the house church and the basilica. We will pay special attention to how Christians adapted traditional styles to their own purposes.
11. Important Works of Early Christian Art
In this lesson, we will explore a few of the most famous and important works of early Christian art. We will pay special attention to the catacomb frescoes, the sarcophagus of Junius Bassus, and the artwork of famous basilicas.
12. The Hebrews and Their Beliefs
This lesson covers the Hebrews and their beliefs. We look at the core tenets of Judaism and explore some of the stories from the Torah. Finally, we see how the Hebrews' history of oppression impacted their religion and the world today.
13. The Jewish Diaspora in the Ancient World
Though a defining moment in Jewish history, the Diaspora in the Ancient World was something that Judaism had spent hundreds of years preparing for in order to ensure its survival.
14. Dome of the Rock: Definition, History, Architecture & Facts
One of the most notable buildings on the Jerusalem skyline, the Dome of the Rock sits on a site that is among the most holy on earth for both Jews and Muslims. Meant to rival other sacred spaces, it proved its ability to do so in a truly unique style.
15. The Torah: Definition, Laws & Teachings
The Torah has influenced leaders from King David of the Israelites to Martin Luther King, Jr. Central to both Judaism and Christianity (as the first five books of the Old Testament), the Torah's teachings lend to the belief held by some that it is nothing short of the word of God.
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Other chapters within the FTCE Humanities K-12 (022): Test Practice & Study Guide course
- FTCE Humanities: Visual Art Genres & Vocabulary
- FTCE Humanities: Principles of Literature
- FTCE Humanities: Genres in Poetry
- FTCE Humanities: Genres in Prose
- FTCE Humanities: Vocabulary & Principles of the Performing Arts
- FTCE Humanities: Genres in the Performing Arts
- FTCE Humanities: Vocabulary & Principles of Music
- FTCE Humanities: Genres in Music
- FTCE Humanities: Ancient Egyptian Art & Politics
- FTCE Humanities: Ancient Greek Art, Philosophy & Politics
- FTCE Humanities: Ancient Roman Art, Philosophy & Politics
- FTCE Humanities: Medieval Art & Philosophy
- FTCE Humanities: Medieval Political & Economic Systems
- FTCE Humanities: Renaissance Art & Philosophy
- FTCE Humanities: Art & Philosophy of the Baroque Period
- FTCE Humanities: Renaissance Political & Economic Systems
- FTCE Humanities: Reformation Art, Philosophy & Politics
- FTCE Humanities: Restoration Period Art, Philosophy & Politics
- FTCE Humanities: 18th Century Art, Philosophy & Politics
- FTCE Humanities: 19th Century Art, Philosophy & Politics
- FTCE Humanities: 20th Century Arts & Philosophy
- FTCE Humanities: 20th Century Political & Economic Systems
- FTCE Humanities: World Influences on Western Culture
- FTCE Humanities: Themes, Symbols & Motifs in Artwork
- FTCE Humanities: Interrelated Art, Artists & Ideas
- FTCE Humanities: Recurring Artistic Themes, Symbols & Motifs
- FTCE Humanities: How Different Cultures Portray & Express Events
- FTCE Humanities: Philosophical & Religious Influences on Art
- FTCE Humanities: Artistic Expression of Gender Roles
- FTCE Humanities: Cultural Values & Artistic Styles
- FTCE Humanities: Evaluating the Arts
- FTCE Humanities: Instructional Techniques
- FTCE Humanities: Teaching to Diverse Learners
- FTCE Humanities: Evaluating Student Learning
- FTCE Humanities: Resources for Teaching Humanities
- FTCE Humanities K-12 Flashcards