Ch 23: FTCE Humanities: Religious Influences on Western Culture

About This Chapter

This chapter is centered around Religious Influences on Western Culture, focusing in particular on the kind of related material you'll encounter on the FTCE Humanities exam. With video lessons taught by professional instructors, this chapter will provide an ample boost of confidence.

FTCE Humanities: Religious Influences on Western Culture - Chapter Summary

This chapter supplies you with the tools necessary to ace the portion of the exam that deals with historical interactions between religion and western culture, making sure you're ready for all of the following topics:

  • Monotheism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam
  • Mohammed and the Islamic fait
  • The Roman Catholic clergy
  • The Dark Ages
  • Religion and social change in Protestantism and liberation theology
  • Christian humanism
  • The art and architecture of the early Christian church
  • The Hebrews and their beliefs
  • The Jewish diaspora in the ancient world
  • The Dome of the Rock
  • The Torah

Each lesson will give you the chance to check your understanding of its content with a practice quiz that you can take and re-take as many times as you like. In addition to ensuring your comprehension, these quizzes will also help you become familiar with the variety of questions you'll be answering on the exam.

15 Lessons in Chapter 23: FTCE Humanities: Religious Influences on Western Culture
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
People of the Book: Comparing Judaism, Christianity and Islam

1. People of the Book: Comparing Judaism, Christianity and Islam

The religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are often seen as competing doctrines and faiths by observers and adherents. Yet, a summary investigation of their doctrines illustrates they have much in common. This lesson will examine these similarities in greater detail.

Monotheism: Islam, Judaism & Christianity

2. Monotheism: Islam, Judaism & Christianity

In this lesson, we define monotheism and identify three significant monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. We also discuss the ideology of each of these three religions.

Mohammed and the Birth of Islam

3. Mohammed and the Birth of Islam

Out of the deserts of Arabia would come a man who would change the world. He was Mohammed, founder of the religion of Islam, and this lesson serves as a brief summary of his life and the founding of the religion of Islam.

Five Pillars of the Islamic Faith: Overview, the Quran & Sharia Law

4. Five Pillars of the Islamic Faith: Overview, the Quran & Sharia Law

The Five Pillars of Islam are the foundation of the world's second largest faith. They are characterized by a simplicity that encourages peaceful cooperation between people, which is one reason for the religion's widespread devotion. This lesson will detail each of the five and show how they relate to the daily lives of practicing Muslims.

Muslim Learning: Scientific, Artistic, Medical & Literary Accomplishments

5. Muslim Learning: Scientific, Artistic, Medical & Literary Accomplishments

The Abbasid caliphate (750-1258 CE) oversaw the Golden Age of Islam. Learn about the accomplishments of Muslim scholars in art, literature, science, medicine and mathematics during this time.

The Roman Catholic Clergy

6. The Roman Catholic Clergy

This lesson will list and describe the different members of the Medieval clergy. Beginning at the lower levels and ending with the Pope, it will outline the duties of each office.

The Dark Ages: Loss of Classical Culture

7. The Dark Ages: Loss of Classical Culture

This lesson explores the loss of classical culture during the Dark Ages. We compare the life of a medieval peasant to that of a Roman pleb. We then examine the causes of this decline, as well as its repercussions.

Religion and Social Change in Protestantism and Liberation Theology

8. Religion and Social Change in Protestantism and Liberation Theology

Religion can, at times, be a powerful agent for social change. In this lesson, we discuss two examples of the dichotomy between religion and the secular world, including Max Weber's book, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, as well as the concept of liberation theology.

Christian Humanism: Definition & Role in the Renaissance

9. Christian Humanism: Definition & Role in the Renaissance

Christian Humanism was a Renaissance movement that combined a revived interest in the nature of humanity with the Christian faith. It impacted art, changed the focus of religious scholarship, shaped personal spirituality, and helped encourage the Protestant Reformation.

The Architecture of the Early Christian Church

10. The Architecture of the Early Christian Church

In this lesson, we will examine the architecture of two styles of early Christian churches: the house church and the basilica. We will pay special attention to how Christians adapted traditional styles to their own purposes.

Important Works of Early Christian Art

11. Important Works of Early Christian Art

In this lesson, we will explore a few of the most famous and important works of early Christian art. We will pay special attention to the catacomb frescoes, the sarcophagus of Junius Bassus, and the artwork of famous basilicas.

The Hebrews and Their Beliefs

12. The Hebrews and Their Beliefs

This lesson covers the Hebrews and their beliefs. We look at the core tenets of Judaism and explore some of the stories from the Torah. Finally, we see how the Hebrews' history of oppression impacted their religion and the world today.

The Jewish Diaspora in the Ancient World

13. The Jewish Diaspora in the Ancient World

Though a defining moment in Jewish history, the Diaspora in the Ancient World was something that Judaism had spent hundreds of years preparing for in order to ensure its survival.

Dome of the Rock: Definition, History, Architecture & Facts

14. Dome of the Rock: Definition, History, Architecture & Facts

One of the most notable buildings on the Jerusalem skyline, the Dome of the Rock sits on a site that is among the most holy on earth for both Jews and Muslims. Meant to rival other sacred spaces, it proved its ability to do so in a truly unique style.

The Torah: Definition, Laws & Teachings

15. The Torah: Definition, Laws & Teachings

The Torah has influenced leaders from King David of the Israelites to Martin Luther King, Jr. Central to both Judaism and Christianity (as the first five books of the Old Testament), the Torah's teachings lend to the belief held by some that it is nothing short of the word of God.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the FTCE Humanities K-12 (022): Test Practice & Study Guide course

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